Are music teachers in demand
Teacher shortage: where most teachers will be missing from 2020!
Teachers are in great demand
It is no longer a secret that there will be a shortage of teachers in Germany in the future. The Studies by the Bertelsmann Foundation and the Conference of Ministers of Education show quite different numbers, but one thing emerges from both: The German education system is facing a major challenge. According to the Bertelsmann study there will be a shortage of at least 26,000 primary school teachers in 2025 alone. The Kultusministerkonferenz, a plenary meeting of all science, education and culture ministers of the federal states, sees the whole thing differently: It speaks of one short-term bottleneck of 12,400 primary school teachers. It also forecasts a continuous shortage of vocational, secondary and secondary school teachers by 2030. According to the Bertelsmann study, up to 60,000 teachers will be missing at vocational schools alone. At the grammar schools, however, the situation is completely different. Here the experts expect a clear oversupply of teachers.
Table of Contents
- Career opportunities
- Differences between federal states
- Differences between school types
Reasons for the teacher shortage
But why is there such a shortage of teachers in the first place? The main reason lies in the increasing number of students, by a rising birth rate and immigration. The number of births in Germany has been rising steadily since 2012 and, according to the Federal Statistical Office, was 787,523 newborns in 2018. So almost 800,000 children who will be going to school in Germany from 2024. Thereby and that it will be until 2024 not enough teacher training graduates for primary school teaching there is a lack of primary school teachers. At the vocational schools the reason is different. You especially have with the Retirement of the existing teachers and to fight the missing offspring. According to a study by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research, part of the responsibility also lies with politics. Too much has been neglected to invest in the education sector and wrong calculations regarding the development of the number of students met. In addition, a sudden increase in the number of immigrants was ignored.
But the Bologna reform, with which master's and bachelor's degrees were introduced in 2004, also plays a role in the shortage of teachers. This is the Number of places in the teaching profession decreased and with it the number of newly trained teachers.
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Teacher shortage as a career opportunity
who become a teacher would like to have good chances on the job market. The shortage of teachers improves career opportunities enormously, especially for current student teachers. Especially students who are studying to become a primary school teacher or teacher for the lower secondary level have excellent prospects. A public school hiring is almost certain here. Also for working people who want to reorient themselves could be aLateral entry as a teacherbe an attractive career move. Especially experienced engineers are for you Lateral entry as a vocational school teacher asked. Anyone who can imagine a job at a primary school in the short term also has good chances Lateral entry as a primary school teacherto master. In general, as a teacher, you can rely on a good salary. The Teacher salary when starting a civil servant teacher is included 3487.17 euros to 3929.17 euros gross per month. And even as a career changer, depending on your educational qualification, you have a chance of becoming a civil servant.
Differences between the federal states
The understaffing at schools differs in the federal states. The most affected are therefore those Federal states in eastern Germany. The situation here is much more tense than in western Germany. The fact that there are differences within the federal territory is due to the fact that the Education policy is the responsibility of the federal states and so each federal state itself calculates how many apprenticeship positions are available and how many of them can be filled with prospective teachers. From Teacher shortage are currently severely affected, according to the Conference of Ministers of Education Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and partly also Berlin. It is difficult to compile general, interdisciplinary and cross-school statistics on the current situation on the teacher market. Because there are not only differences between the federal states, but also in the types of schools.
Differences between the types of school
A teacher can specialize in his / her training in the various types of school. So it happens that there is also between the individual forms Differences in the availability of teachers gives.
Primary school teachers
There is currently one across Germany temporary shortage of primary school teachers. The federal states are particularly hard hit by this Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. Here the supply of teachers covers less than half the need for teachers. So currently it would need twice as many primary school teachers as there are. In the future, however, the number of primary school teachers will develop positively. In the year 2024, according to the forecasts of the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs, there will for the first time be a higher number of teacher recruitment opportunities than the need for recruitment in the primary school sector. In 2030 the ministers even expect one Surplus of 3200 primary school teachers. Seen over the entire period from 2019 to 2030, the need and the available teachers balance each other out.
Secondary level I teachers
The development is different for teachers at lower secondary level. There will be a shortage of new teachers here every year until 2030. The need for secondary school, secondary school and comprehensive school teachers was particularly high in 2019. Nationwide there was a shortage of 3580 teachers this year alone for these types of schools. The ministers of education are forecasting an increasing number of teachers at lower secondary level, however the number of teachers will not be sufficient annually until 2030to meet the need. On average, there is a shortage of 1950 teachers per year only for these types of schools. Most of them are missing in the federal states Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg. While the demand in Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg can largely be covered by new graduates by 2030, the teacher shortage in Bremen, Hamburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania will persist in ten years.
Upper secondary teachers
While there is a lack of teachers in all other areas, that is Demand for high school teachers covered almost throughout Germany as early as 2019. Only in Saxony-Anhalt was it possible to compensate for less than half of the demand in 2019. Nevertheless, the Conference of Ministers of Education is forecasting one in the next ten years significant annual surplus of high school teachers. Only in 2025 will there be fewer vacancies than there is a need for recruitment. Over the years there has been an average of one year across Germany Over-supply of 3170 teachers of upper secondary level. Why do so many choose this type of school Studying to become a teacher, could be due to the better pay and the greater opportunities for advancement that an apprenticeship at a grammar school offers compared to lower secondary or primary school.
Vocational school teacher
Vocational school teachers will also be sought every year in the future. Currently it is mainly Baden-Württemberg, Saxony-Anhalt and Berlinwhere there are too few vocational school teachers. The shortage of teachers in vocational schools will also make itself felt in Brandenburg, Thuringia and North Rhine-Westphalia by 2030. Over the next ten years There is a shortage of 780 vocational school teachers across Germany every year. According to the statistics of the education ministers, it is In 2020 around 700 vocational school teachers who are missing nationwide.
Measures against the teacher shortage
Every year the federal states try to fill all vacancies in the school system. To do this, they take various measures: On the one hand, Retired teachers reactivated. In North Rhine-Westphalia alone, there have been over 800 teachers who have returned from retirement or postponed their retirement since 2016. In this way, at least some of the vacant positions can be filled at short notice. To contain the problem in the long term, Many federal states and schools are relying more and more on lateral entrants. Whereas ten years ago the share of lateral entrants in public schools was less than three percent, it is around 13 percent today. Lateral entry as a teacher will continue to become more and more attractive in the future. But also that Calculation of teacher needs is by the federal states always further optimized, so that in the future a shortage of teachers can be better forecast and action can be taken earlier. For example, the state of Hesse has been working with a combination of different calculation methods since 2017 and updates the figures several times a year to also take short-term events and trends into account.
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