What if a person went to Krypton
There is approximately 1ppm of krypton in the air. The atmosphere of Mars contains an even smaller proportion of this noble gas - around 0.3 ppm. It is characterized by its bright green and orange spectral lines. The spectral lines of the krypton are easy to see and some are very sharp. In 1960 it was internationally agreed that the unit of measurement of length 1 meter should be defined as 1 meter = 1,650,763.73 times the wavelength (in a vacuum) of the orange-red spectral line of Kr-33.
Under normal conditions, krypton is a colorless, odorless and expensive gas. Solid krypton is a white crystalline substance with a face-centered cubic structure that is typical of all "rare gases".
Krypton difluoride KrF2 is produced in gram quantities and can be made in various ways.
Health effects of krypton
Inhalation: This gas is inert and belongs to the nitrogen gases. Inhalations of very high concentrations can cause nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness and death.
Death can occur indirectly as a cause of impaired consciousness, nausea or unconsciousness, since in these states it is impossible to rescue oneself from life-threatening situations. At low oxygen concentrations, unconsciousness and death can occur within seconds (without prior warning).
The symptoms of suffocation are proportional to the decrease in the partial pressure of oxygen in the air. Only when the oxygen content of the inhaled air has dropped to 75% of its original concentration in the air (75% from 21%) can noticeable symptoms develop. This requires the presence of nitrogen gas in a concentration of 33% in the air-gas mixture. If the asphyxiant reaches a concentration of 50% permanent damage can result. A concentration of 75% of the nitrogen gas in the air is fatal after a few minutes.
Symptoms: The first symptoms that occur from nitrogen gas are shortness of breath and a lack of air. The ability to concentrate is reduced and the coordination of movements is restricted.
Judgment is also restricted and all sensations are suppressed. Often there is emotional instability and rapid fatigue. As the attack progresses, nausea and vomiting, loss of consciousness, and ultimately convulsions, deep coma, and death may occur.
Environmental effects of krypton
Krypton is a rare atmospheric gas and non-toxic to the environment because it is very inert chemically. If organisms come into contact with the gas in extremely cold temperatures (-244 ° C), frostbite can occur. However, the application or release of krypton has no long-term ecological impact on the environment.
Hints: If it is necessary to release the gas, gas should be slowly vented - not in the area of door entrances, entrance areas or air entry points of buildings (ventilation).
Leave the residual gas in the compressed gas cylinder. Bring the pressure vessel back to the supplier with the valve tightly closed. Note that there may be local deviations for the disposal / release of the gas in addition to the national regulations. If necessary, consult state or local authorities.
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