Watch the weather forecast

Weather

Regardless of whether it is sunshine and heat, storm, rain or snow - the weather influences our lives every day. Knowing what the weather will be like is not only important for planning your leisure time and choosing clothes - especially people who work outside, such as farmers, gardeners or bricklayers, are very dependent on the weather. That is why it is important to know what the weather will be like in advance. Weather researchers can predict the weather, they are also called meteorologists.

Satellites and balloons provide data

These weather researchers often work in weather stations in which weather data is collected with many different devices - for example temperature, air pressure or wind speed. There are almost 11,000 of these weather stations around the world. Meteorologists everywhere observe how the weather is developing and exchange their information every hour. Many of these stations are on the ground, but some are also housed on ships or oil rigs. In addition, weather balloons with measuring devices rise into the air every day and in space weather satellites orbit the earth, which provide important information for meteorologists. As the devices keep getting better, the weather forecasts are getting more accurate.

Weather god and Aristotle

Around 6,000 years ago, people still believed in a weather god that medicine men had to keep happy. They implored him to bring enough rain to bring the people good harvests. Unfortunately, that didn't always work.

Many years later, around 300 years before Christ, Aristotle and his students observed weather phenomena - especially the behavior of the wind. Incidentally, the term 'meteorology' also comes from Aristotle. This Greek word means 'doctrine of things floating in the air'. Aristotle wrote down his weather observations in a book entitled 'Meteorologica'.

Where do the pawn rules come from?

The weather has always been particularly important for the farmers: if it was too dry, the seeds in the fields could not germinate properly and the harvests were poor. If it was too wet, the grass would not dry into hay and they would not have enough fodder for the cattle. In order to prepare for long dry or rainy seasons, the farmers began to observe changes in the weather on a daily basis. In doing so, they were guided by the behavior of plants, animals or clouds. Since only a few farmers could write at that time, they remembered certain rules as rhymes. And these rhymes are still called peasant rules to this day. 'The frostier January, the friendlier the year' is, for example, a farmer's rule, or: 'April, April, he does what he wants'.

Weather data is saved

The problem was that a farmer could only ever watch the weather on his own farm - in the next village it might look completely different. Later, when devices were invented that could measure temperature and air pressure, it was found that the weather is related all over the world. So it was decided to set up weather stations in different countries, exchange the data and collect it in a large archive. Incidentally, these data not only provide information about the weather, but also about the development of the climate.

Status: December 15, 2015, 4:08 pm