Which mountain pass is outside India

Royal Enfield - Since 1901


R. W. Smith and Albert Eadie take over the management of the Townsend Cycle Company in Redditch, United Kingdom. Shortly thereafter, they begin supplying precision machine parts to the Royal Enfield Small Arms Factory in Enfield, Middlesex. Your company will be renamed Enfield Manufacturing Company Limited.


Enfield Manufacturing Ltd. becomes Royal Enfield - "Royal" is taken over by Royal Small Arms Company. The “Made Like a Gun” trademark is introduced.


R. W. Smith designs the prototype of a motorized vehicle, a four-wheeled bicycle known as a quadricycle. It uses a proprietary 1 1/2 hp De Dion engine.


Royal Enfield enters motorsport when one of its quadicycles takes part in a 1000 mile trial. The event convinced the British public of the feasibility of motorized transport.


The first Royal Enfield motorcycle is made. It was designed by R. W. Smith and the French Jules Goliet and has a 1 1/2 hp Minerva motor mounted in front of the steering head. The final drive is attached to the rear wheel with a rawhide belt.


The first motorcycle with a 2-stroke engine goes into full production. With the increased involvement of Great Britain in World War II, the production of all other Royal Enfield motorcycles is stopped and production is focused on this machine as well as on the company's largest motorcycle, the 770cc 6 hp V-Twin.


Continuous development has resulted in a range of 8 models, including the launch of the Sports Model 351, the first Royal Enfield 350cc OHV motorcycle with a 4-stroke engine and foot shift lever. It is powered by a JAP engine. A 225cc, 2-stroke step-through "ladies' model" engine is also launched.


Royal Enfield takes over a saddle tank instead of the refurbished flat bottom tank. The company is also one of the first motorcycle companies to switch its front fork system from a druid design to center-sprung trapezoidal forks.


The decade begins with a diverse range of eleven models, starting with the 225cc 2-stroke engine model A to the 976cc V-twin model K. There are also the 350 and 500cc machines with side and overhead valves Dry sump lubrication produced.


The legendary "Bullet" motorcycle is born. It was first exhibited at the important Earls Court Motorcycle Show in London in November 1932. Three versions: 250, 350 and 500cc are available, all equipped with sloping "sloper" engines, double-inlet cylinder heads , Gearshift lever and high compression piston.


Cecil Barrow drives a 500cc Bullet at the Isle of Man TT and finishes the race in 8th place with an average speed of 119 km / h. This will be Royal Enfield's final factory-sponsored participation in the event. The 500cc Bullet underwent radical changes in the following year with the release of a new sporty version, the JF model, which is equipped with a 4-valve cylinder head.


Royal Enfield produced large quantities of motorcycles and bicycles during World War II. The most famous military model is the 125cc "Airborne" motorcycle known as the "Flying Flea". This 125cc 2-stroke engine can be built into a specially manufactured parachute cradle and dropped behind enemy lines with paratroopers.


The 350cc Bullett prototype with swing arm suspension at the rear was presented in the Colmore Cup Trial Test in March 1948. Two Bullets are part of the victorious British team in the 1948 ISDT (International Six Day Trial) held in Italy. Both drivers win gold medals.


The new 350cc Bullet and 500 Twin models are launched in the UK. Both motorcycles have the same frame, swing arm suspension, telescopic front wheel forks and gearbox. K. R. Sundaram Iyer founds Madras Motors to import British motorcycles to India. In addition to Norton and Matchless machines, he also sells Royal Enfields.


Madras Motors receives an order from the Indian Army for 800 350cc Bullet motorcycles. The bikes arrive from Redditch in early 1953 and are proving to be a great success as they are both tough and easy to maintain. Johnny Brittain wins the renowned Scottish Six Days Trial on his 350cc Bullet motorcycle, "HNP 331".


Redditch partners with Madras Motors in India to create Enfield India. Work begins on the construction of a dedicated factory in Tiruvottiyur, near Madras.


The Tiruvottiyur factory goes into operation and the licensed production of bullets begins. Initial production is based on machines that come from England in kit form, which are then assembled in Madras. A total of 163 bullets will be produced by the end of the year.


Johnny Brittain wins the Scottish Six Days Trial for the second time on a Bullet motorcycle and also wins the British Trials Championship. The 250cc Crusader model is launched in the UK. With an output of 13 HP, the motorcycle has a motor unit and three-phase electrical system with battery ignition.


The iconic Continental GT Café Racer motorcycle hits the market with great success when a team of photojournalists from John ‘o Groats drove it to Lands End over 7 laps of the Silverstone circuit in less than 24 hours. The GT offers features such as a racing fuel tank, clip-on handlebars, rear footrests, a racing hump seat, tachometer and a curved exhaust.


With only two models in production at the beginning of the year - the 250cc Continental GT and the 736cc Interceptor - Royal Enfield's Redditch facility is closing. Intercontinental production will continue at Enfield's underground facility in Bradford on Avon.


Royal Enfield India begins exporting the 350cc Bullet to the UK and Europe. Sales are growing rapidly as the motorcycles gain popularity among classic British motorcycle fans.


A new 24 HP 500cc Bullet is launched. The motorcycle is primarily intended for export markets, where it is available in Classic, Deluxe and Superstar versions along with the 350.


Enfield India produces the world's first and only mass-produced diesel motorcycle. Known as Enfield Diesel, it uses an extremely fuel efficient 325cc power unit installed in the chassis of the standard Bullet.


The Eicher Group acquires Enfield India Limited. The company is renamed Royal Enfield Motors Limited.


Forty Royal Enfield motorcycles travel to Khardung La, the world's highest motorcycled mountain pass, and thus set a precedent for fabulous journeys in the world's most difficult terrain.


The Daredevils, the motorcycle demonstration team for the Indian Army Corps in Signals, Jabalpur, forms a human pyramid of 201 men on ten 350cc Enfield motorcycles, which travel a distance of over 200 meters.


The Thunderbird, an elegant lean-burn cruiser, is launched in India. It has the first 5-speed gearbox to be used on a Royal Enfield in Redditch since 1965. More than 1000 Royal Enfield motorcycles of all ages arrive in Redditch for the Royal Enfield Owner's Club Redditch Revisited event.


The Electra X, an export bullet with a 500cc version of a fully alloyed lean-burn engine, goes on sale. The "Bullet Machismo" in retro style is rated as "Best Cruiser" in a TNS Autocar survey.


Royal Enfield is celebrating its 50th anniversary in India.


Royal Enfield begins exporting the Classic, India's first 500cc EFI, Euro III compliant motorcycle, to European markets. The Thunderbird Twinspark is launched with the new Unit Construction Engine (UCE) in India.


The 500cc UCE engine is launched in India. The classic version in retro style immediately achieved cult status and sales grew rapidly.


The company is running its first annual One Ride, encouraging all Royal Enfield riders around the world to take a motorcycle ride on the first Sunday in April. Royal Enfield acquires 125,000 square meters of land in Oragadam, near Chennai, for its new factory. An excursion organized by the factory crosses the border with the "Nepal Tour".


Royal Enfield launches its first highway cruiser, the all-black Thunderbird 500. Work on the new Oragadam factory is moving ahead rapidly, while the Tiruvottiyur plant is setting new production records.


Royal Enfield begins manufacturing at its second location in Oragadam, Tamil Nadu. With increased capacity, the state-of-the-art factory becomes the core of the company's global goals in the future.


Forty-eight years after developing the world's first production of the Cafe Racer, Royal Enfield introduces the all-new Continental GT. Rockers, critics and riders all agree that this motorcycle is a pleasure to ride that has never been felt before.


Royal Enfield is introducing a new sales experience with the opening of the first exclusive equipment store of its kind in Khan Market, New Delhi.


Royal Enfield partnered with Harris Performance in the UK, a motorcycle construction and development company, to expand their engineering and product design skills.


Royal Enfield founds its first own direct sales subsidiary outside of India in North America. Royal Enfield's North American headquarters are located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


Royal Enfield introduces the Himalayan. With the completely new LS410 engine and the field-tested suspension, it promises unique driving pleasure on all roads and off-road.


Royal Enfield is bringing its fully operational UK technology center to Bruntingthorpe Proving Ground, Leicester.


Royal Enfield begins production from its third manufacturing facility in Vallam, near Chennai.


Royal Enfield unveils "The Twins" at EICMA Motor Show, Milan, and Rider Mania, Goa, India.