How many Trinidadian live in India
Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians
Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians (or just Afro-Trinbagonians) are people from Trinidad and Tobago who are largely of West African descent. Social interpretations of race in Trinidad and Tobago are often used to dictate who is of African descent. Mulatto Creole, Dougla, Zambo-Maroon, Pardo, Quadroon, Octoroon, or Hexadecaroon were all racist terms used to measure the amount of African descent someone had in Trinidad and Tobago, as well as throughout North American, Latin American, and Caribbean history owned. According to the 2011 census, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians made up 35.4 percent of the population of Trinidad and Tobago. However, the classification is primarily a superficial description based on a phenotypic (physical) description as opposed to a genotypic (genetic) classification. Another 22.8 percent of Trinidadians identified themselves as multiracial, of whom 7.7 percent were Dougla (mixed African and Indian ethnicity). The islands of Trinidad and Tobago (united in 1888) have a different racial history. The island of Trinidad is primarily multiracial, while the population of Tobago is primarily considered to be Afro-Tobagonians, which is synonymous with Afro-Trinidad, except that the people of Tobago are almost entirely of direct African descent. In order to unite the cultural and ethnic divide between the two islands, many people are called Trinbagonians as a sign of unity. The final origin of most of the African ancestors in America is in West and Central Africa. The most common ethnic groups of the enslaved Africans in Trinidad and Tobago were Igbo, Congo, Ibibio, and Malinke. All of these groups were severely affected by the Atlantic slave trade, among other things. The 1813 census shows that among the slaves born in Africa, the Igbo were the most numerous. Around half of the Afro-Trinidadians came from emigrants from other islands in the Caribbean, in particular from Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent and Grenada. Other Afro-Trinidadians trace their ancestry back to American slaves recruited to fight for the British in the War of 1812 or to indented workers from West Africa. In 1498 Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Trinidad, where he met the indigenous Taino. A while after Columbus' landing, Trinidad became a territory of the Spanish Empire. The Spaniards enslaved the native population and mingled with them over time, with their descendants creating the mestizo identity. The mulattos emerged after Spain began transporting enslaved Africans to Trinidad via the Atlantic slave trade in 1517. When the Africans, mulattos and mestizos mingled, the Indians were almost non-existent. In 1783 the King of Spain passed the Cedula of Population Act, which promised free land to Europeans willing to move to Trinidad to work. With this law, French settlers emigrated from the French West Indies to Trinidad to work the sugar cane plantations. They too contributed to the ancestry of the Trinidadian people and created the Creole identity. Spanish, French and Patois were the languages spoken. Britain took over the island in 1802 and slavery was finally abolished in 1834. The abolition of slavery led to an influx of indented servants from places like China. While some left, many stayed and married among the Trinidadian population. In 1911, many more Chinese came after the Chinese Revolution. European identified servants arrived in the 1840s, including French, Spanish, West Africans, Creoles, Chinese, Germans, Swiss, Portuguese, British, Italians, Mexicans, Dutch, Norwegians, Poles, Arabs, Lebanese, African American and other Caribbean islands, Venezuela and Irish (many of whom also settled in Montserrat, which is also known for its high number of redheads). Over time, many of these settlers married into the families of the freed slaves. On May 30, 1845, the British transported identified servants
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