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Mangalore India

Mangalore, officially known as Mangaluru, is the main port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It lies between the Arabian Sea and the western Ghats Mountains, about 352 km west of Bangalore, the state capital. Mangalore is the only city in the state that has all four modes of transport - air, road, rail, and sea. The population of the metropolitan area was 619,664 in India according to the 2011 census.

The city developed into a port in the Arabian Sea in ancient times. Since then, it has grown into a major port in India, handling 75 percent of India's coffee and cashew exports, and is the country's seventh largest container port. Mangalore was ruled by several great powers including the Kadambas, Alupas, the Vijayanagar Empire, Keladi Nayaks and the Portuguese. The city was a point of contention between the British and the Kingdom of Mysore, rulers Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, and was eventually annexed by the British in 1799. Mangalore remained part of the Madras presidency until India's independence in 1947, and was united with the state of Mysore (now called Karnataka) in 1956.

Mangalore is also the administrative seat of Dakshina Kannada District and a commercial, industrial, educational, health and startup center. This city's international airport is the second largest and second largest airport in Karnataka. Mangalore City Corporation is responsible for the civic administration that manages the city's 60 districts. The city's landscape is characterized by rolling hills, coconut trees, rivers and hard laterite soil. This city is home to India's first 3D planetarium with 8K resolution. Mangalore is also included in the Smart Cities Mission List and is one of the 100 Smart Cities to be developed in India. The city has an average height of 22 m above mean sea level. Mangalore has a tropical monsoon climate and is under the influence of the southwest monsoons.

content

  • 1 etymology
  • 2 story
    • 2.1 Early and medieval history
    • 2.2 Basic and early modern history
    • 2.3 Later modern and contemporary history
  • 3 geography
  • 4 economy
  • 5 demographics
  • 6 Government and Public Services
    • 6.1 Citizens' administration
    • 6.2 Healthcare
    • 6.3 Benefits
  • 7 education
  • 8 traffic
  • 9 culture
    • 9.1 Music and dance
    • 9.2 Festivals
    • 9.3 Kitchen
  • 10 media
  • 11 Sports and Leisure
  • 12 tourism
  • 13 twin cities
  • 14 notes
  • 15 references
  • 16 Further reading
  • 17 External links
    • 2.1 Early and medieval history
    • 2.2 Foundation and early modern history
    • 2.3 Later modern and contemporary history
    • 6.1 Citizens' administration
    • 6.2 Healthcare
    • 6.3 Benefits
    • 9.1 Music and dance
    • 9.2 Festivals
    • 9.3 Kitchen

    etymology

    Mangalore was named after the deity Mangaladevi, the presiding deity of the Mangaladevi Temple or a synonym of Tara Bhagvati from the Buddhist Vajrayana sect. According to local legend, a princess named Parimala or Premaladevi from Malabar gave up her kingdom and became a student of Matsyendranath, the founder of the Nath tradition. After Matsyendranath Premaladevi to Nath -Sect had converted, they renamed them in Mangaladevi around. She arrived in the area with Matsyendranath, but had to settle near Bolar in Mangalore because she got sick along the way. When she died, the Mangaladevi Temple in Bolar was consecrated by the locals in her honor. The city got its name from the temple.

    One of the earliest references to the city's name was made in 715 AD by the Pandyan King Chettian, who owned the city Mangalapuram called. The city and the coastal region were part of the Pandyan Kingdom. According to K.V. Ramesh, President of the Place Names Society of India, Mangalore was first used in 1345 AD during the Vijayanagar rule. Lots Shilashasanas (Stones) from the Vijayanagar period refer to the city as Mangalapura . Previously, during the Alupa dynasty, it was called Mangalapura designated ( Mangala means "auspicious"). In the Kannada language the city is called Mangalore known, a reference to Mangaladevi (the suffix uru means city or town). During the British rule from 1799 the Anglicized version was used Mangalore to the official name. According to historian George M. Moraes, the word is Mangalore however the Portuguese corruption of Mangalore .: 2 The name of the city already appears on the Sanson map of 1652 on maps of India.

    Mangalore's different communities have different names for the city in their languages. The city is called in Tulu, the most important spoken language in the region Kudla , What crossing means that it is located at the confluence of the Netravati and Gurupura rivers. In Konkani, Mangalore is known as Kodiyal referred to while in Malayalam Mangalore Mangalapuram is called and the bearish name for the city Maikala reads. Mangalore was officially renamed "Mangalore" by the government of Karnataka on November 1, 2014.

    history

    Early and medieval history

    Mangalore's historical importance is borne out by the many references to the city from foreign travelers. During the first century AD, the Roman historian Pliny the Elder referred to a place called "Nitrias" as an undesirable place to disembark because of pirates visiting its area, while the second century Greek historian Ptolemy referred to a place called "Nitrias" "Nitra" denoted ". These remarks likely referred to the Netravati River flowing through Mangalore. In his work Christian topography from the 6th century, Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek monk, mentions Malabar as the headquarters of the pepper trade and Mangarouth (Port of Mangalore) as one of The Five Pepper Markets That Exported Pepper.

    Mangalore is considered to be the heart of an independent multilingual cultural region, the home of the Tulu-speaking population. In the third century BC The city was part of the Maurya Empire, which was ruled by the Buddhist Emperor Ashoka of Magadha. From the third to the sixth centuries AD, the Kadamba dynasty, whose capital was in Banavasi in northern Kanara, ruled as independent rulers over the entire Canara region. From the middle of the seventh century to the end of the 14th century, the southern Kanara region was ruled by its native Alupa rulers: 17 who ruled the region as the feudatories of great regional dynasties such as the Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta. Chalukyas from Kalyani and Hoysalas from Dwarasamudra. In the 1130s and 1140s, during the reign of the Alupa king Kavi Alupendra (1110–1160), the city was the home of the Tunisian Jewish merchant Abraham Ben Yiju. The Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta, who visited Mangalore in 1342, referred to it as Manjarur and declared that the city was on a great estuary, the Mouth of the wolf The largest estuary in the country of Malabar. 30 In 1345 the Vijayanagara rulers brought the region under their control: 17

    During the Vijayanagara period (1345–1550), southern Kanara was divided into Mangalore and Mangalore Barkur rajyas (Provinces) and two governors have been appointed to oversee each of them from Mangalore and Barkur. Often a single governor ruled both Mangalore and Barkur rajyas , and when authority passed to the Keladi rulers (1550–1763), they had only one governor in Barkur. 19 1448, Abdur Razzaq, the Persian ambassador of Sultan Shah Rukh from Samarkand visited Mangalore on the way to the Vijayanagara courtyard. 31 The Italian traveler Ludovico di Varthema, who visited India in 1506, said he saw nearly sixty ships laden with rice ready to sail from the port of Mangalore: 20

    Foundation and history of the early modern period

    In 1498, the European influence began in Mangalore when the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in nearby St. Mary's Islands. The Portuguese acquired many commercial interests in Canara in the 16th century. Krishnadevaraya (1509–1529), the ruler of the Vijaynagara Empire, maintained a friendly relationship with the Portuguese, whose trade slowly increased and who wanted to destroy the Arab coastal and Moplah trade. In 1524, Vasco da Gama ordered rivers to be blocked after hearing that Calicut Muslim merchants had agents in Mangalore and Basrur. In 1526 the Portuguese took possession of Mangalore under the viceroy of Lopo Vaz de Sampaio. The coastal trade passed into Portuguese hands: 20 In 1550, the Vijayanagara ruler, Sadashiva Raya, entrusted Sadashiv Nayaka of Keladi to administer the coastal region of Canara. In 1554 he established political authority over southern Kanara.

    After the collapse of the Vijaynagara Empire in 1565, the rulers of Keladi gained greater power in dealing with the coastal region of Canara.27 They continued the administration of the Vijayanagara system and the provinces of Mangalore and Barkur continued to exist. The governor of Mangalore also acted as governor of the Keladi army in his province.30 The Italian traveler Pietro Della Valle visited him 1623-1624. In 1695, Arabs burned the city in retaliation for Portuguese restrictions on Arab trade.

    In 1763, Hyder Ali, the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore, conquered Mangalore, which was placed under his administration until 1767. Mangalore was ruled by the British East India Company from 1767 to 1767, but Hyder Ali's son Tipu Sultan took it from their control in 1783 and renamed it "Jalalabad". The second Anglo-Mysore War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Mangalore by Tipu Sultan and the British East India Company on March 11, 1784. After Tipu's defeat in the fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the city remained under British control and had their headquarters district of South Canara under the presidency of Madras.

    Francis Buchanan, a Scottish doctor who visited Mangalore in 1801, said the city was a prosperous port with abundant trade. The main export was rice; it went to Muscat, Bombay, Goa and Malabar. Supari (Betel nut) was exported to Bombay, Surat and Kutch. Sandalwood and black pepper were exported to Bombay.

    The local capital was mainly invested in land and money loans, which led to the regional development of banking as the British colonial government did not support industrialization there. After the arrival of European missionaries in the early 19th century, educational institutions and modern industries were developed in the region with a European orientation. The opening of the Lutheran Swiss Basel Mission in 1834 was an important step towards industrialization. Missionaries set up printing machines, textile factories, and factories that made Mangalore tiles. When Canara (until then part of the Presidency of Madras) was divided into North Canara and South Canara in 1859, Mangalore became the headquarters of South Canara: 5, which remained under the Presidency of Madras, while North Canara entered the 1862 Presidency of Bombay was transferred.: 6

    Later modern and contemporary history

    On May 23, 1866, the Madras Town Improvement Act (1865) appointed a Mangalore parish council responsible for civil facilities and town planning) .: 178 The Italian Jesuits who came to the city in 1878 played an important role in the Education, economy, health and social affairs of the city. Mangalore was connected to the Southern Railway in 1907 and the subsequent proliferation of motor vehicles in India further increased trade and communication between the city and the rest of the country. Mangalore was an important source of trained labor in Bombay, Bangalore and the Middle East in the early 20th century.

    The States Reorganization Act (1956) resulted in Mangalore being incorporated into the newly created state of Mysore and later renamed Karnataka: 415 Mangalore is the seventh largest port in India and provides the state with access to the coast of the Arabian Sea. Between 1970 and 1980, Mangalore recorded a record with the opening of the new Mangalore Port in 1974 and the commissioning of Mangalore Chemicals & amp; Fertilizers Limited in 1976. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, Mangalore developed into a commercial and petrochemical hub.

    geography

    Mangalore is located on the west coast of India at 12 ° 52'N 74 ° 53'E / 12.87 ° N 74.88 ° E / 12.87; 74.88 in Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka State. It has an average height of 22 m above mean sea level. The city is the administrative seat of the Dakshina Kannada District and the largest urban coastal center in the state.

    Mangalore is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west and the western ghats to the east. As a communal unit, the city extends over 170 km2. The city is surrounded by the Netravati and Gurupura rivers. The Gurupura flows in the north and the Netravati in the south of the city. The rivers form an estuary in the southwest of the city, from where they flow into the Arabian Sea. Coconut, palm and ashoka trees make up the main vegetation in the city.

    The topography of the city consists of a plain stretching up to 30 km from the coast and undulating, hilly terrain to the east of the western ghats. The local geology is characterized by hard laterite in hilly areas and sandy soil along the coast. The Geological Survey of India has identified Mangalore as a moderately seismic urban center and classified the city in the Seismic III zone.

    climate

    Mangalore has a tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification and is under the direct influence of the Arabian sea branch of the southwest monsoon. It receives around 95 percent of its total annual precipitation between May and October, but remains extremely dry from December to March. The air humidity averages around 75 percent and peaks in June, July and August. The maximum average humidity in July is 93 percent and the average minimum humidity in January is 56 percent. Mangalore has moderate to gusty winds during the day and light winds at night. The driest and least humid months are from December to February. During this time, temperatures remain below 34 ° C during the day and drop to around 19 ° C at night. The lowest temperature recorded in Panambur is 15.6 ° C on January 8, 1992 and 15.9 ° C on November 19, 1974 in Bajpe According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the temperature in Mangalore has never reached 40 ° C. Summer gives way to the monsoon season, when the city receives the highest rainfall of any urban center in India due to the influence of the western ghats. The rain subsides in September, but it rains occasionally in October. The highest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period was 330.8 mm (13 in) on June 22, 2003. In 1994, Mangalore recorded the highest annual rainfall at 5,018.52 mm (198 in).

    Economy

    Industrial, commercial, agricultural processing and port-related activities make up the economy of this city. The New Mangalore Port is India's seventh largest container port. It handles 75 percent of India's coffee exports and the majority of its cashew nuts. In 2000-2001, Mangalore had sales of £ 335 million (US $ 4.70 million) for the state. Mangalore Customs Services had sales of £ 4.47 billion (US $ 62.67 million) in 2012-2013 and sales of £ 27.91 billion (US $ 391.30 million) in December 2018. In 2012-2013, MRPL and MCF contributed £ 501 million (US $ 7.02 million). and £ 373 million (US $ 5.23 million) for state revenue. Dakshina Kannada district has the highest percentage of industry workers and the second highest industry-to-district GDP ratio in Karnataka. Imports through the port of Mangalore include crude oil, cooking oil, liquefied petroleum gas and wood.

    Major chemical industries in the city include BASF, Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL), Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilizers (MCF), Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. (KIOCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (HPCL), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Total Oil India Limited and Hindustan Unilever. The Indian government has built 5.33 million tons of strategic crude oil storage facilities in Mangalore and Padur to ensure energy security. Of the 5 million tons (MMT), 1.5 MMT are stored in Mangalore. Bharati Shipyard Ltd (BSL) (now known as Bharati Defense and Infrastructure Limited) has established a shipbuilding site near Tannirbavi in ​​Mangalore.

    Large IT and outsourcing companies like Infosys, Cognizant and Thomson Reuters have their offices in Mangalore. Mphasis' Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) has an office in this city.IT parks The Export Promotion Investment Park (EPIP) in Ganjimutt and the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) near Mangalore University were established. There is an IT park in Mudipu called Soorya Infratech Park. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has plans to invest £ 500 million ($ 70.10 million) and set up its office in Karnad, Mangalore.

    The Center for Entrepreneurship Opportunities and Learning (CEOL) is a startup incubation center in the city. Corporation Bank, Canara Bank, and Vijaya Bank were the three nationalized banks established in Mangalore in the first half of the 20th century. Mangalore is the headquarters of Corporation Bank and Karnataka Bank. Mangalore Catholic Co-operative Bank (MCC Bank) Ltd., Mangalore Cooperative Town Bank Ltd. and the SCDCC Bank were the line banks established in Mangalore.

    Old Mangalore Port is a fishing port in Bunder, Mangalore, where large numbers of mechanized boats anchor. The traffic in this port between 2003 and 2004 was 122,000 tons. The new port of Mangalore handled over 100,000 container units with a length of 20 feet in 2017-18. Fishing is a traditional activity and the products are sold in the surrounding regions. Mangalorean companies are heavily represented in the tile, beedi, coffee, and cashew nut industries, although the tile industry has declined because concrete is preferred in modern construction. The Albuquerque brick factory in Mangalore is one of the oldest factories for the production of red roof tiles in India. The suburb of the city, Ullal, produces hosiery and coconut yarn, while Beedi rolls are an important source of income for many of the city's residents.

    Demographics

    According to the 2011 Indian census, the population of Mangalore city was 484,785, and the metropolitan area had a population of 619,664. The male literacy rate was 96.49 percent and the female literacy rate was 91.63 percent. About 8.5 percent of the population were younger than six years. The death rate and child mortality rate were 3.7 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively. About 7,726 people lived in slums in Mangalore, which is 1.55 percent of the total population. The Human Development Index (HDI) for the city of Mangalore was 0.83 in 2015.

    Mangalore is a multilingual city where several well-known regional languages ​​such as Tulu, Konkani, Kannada and Beary are spoken. The city is known as Kudla in Tulu, Kodial in Konkani, Maikāla in Beary and Mangalore in Kannada. Among the residents of the city is Kudla the most common name for it. There are also smaller communities of Tuluva Jains, Gujaratis, Tamils, and Marathis.

    Hinduism is the largest religion in Mangalore and Devadiga, Mogaveera, Billavas, Ganigas, Bunts, Vishwakarma, Kota Brahmins, Shivalli Brahmins, Havyaka Brahmins, Sthanika Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins, the main Dafa Brahman communities (GSBs), Chitpavan are among the main Brahman communities (GSBs), Chitpavan Brahmanas the Hindus. Christians form a sizeable part of Mangalorian society; Mangalorean Catholics make up the largest Christian community in the city. Protestants in Mangalore usually speak Kannada. Anglo-Indians were also part of the Mangalorean Christian community. Mangalore has one of the highest Muslims in Karnataka cities. Most of the Muslims in Mangalore are bears who speak the bear language. Most of them follow the Shafi'i school of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Mangalore also has a small group of Urdu-speaking Dakhini Muslims.

    Government and public services

    Citizens Administration

    Mangalore has an urban area of ​​170 km2 (65.64 sq mi). The parish boundaries begin in Surathkal in the north, the Netravati Bridge in the south, the west coast and Vamanjoor in the east. The Mangalore City Corporation (MCC), founded in 1980, is the municipal body responsible for the city's civil and infrastructural assets. The MCC Council consists of 60 elected representatives who serve as Companies are designated. one from each of the city's 60 districts. A mayor from the ruling majority party is selected as mayor. MCC is headquartered in Lalbagh. The Mangalore Urban Development Authority (MUDA) manages the planning, urban growth and expansion of the city. The district commissioner is the chairman of the MUDA. The 44 projects listed under the Smart Cities Mission program are managed by Mangalore Smart City Limited (MSCL).

    Until the revision of the Lok Sabha by the delimitation commission and the constituencies Mangalore steered two members to Lok Sabha at; one for the southern part of the city that is under the constituency of Mangalore Lok Sabha falls, and one for the northern part of the city that falls under the constituency of Udupi Lok Sabha falls. After the constituencies were delimited in 2008, the constituency became Mangalore Lok Sabha by the constituency of Dakshina Kannada Lok Sabha replaced, which resulted in Mangalore being represented by an MP. In addition, Mangalore sends three members from Mangalore City South, Mangalore City North and Mangalore to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly. The Mangalore City Police Department is headed by a Police Commissioner. Mangalore is also the headquarters of the Western Range Police, which covers the western districts of Karnataka and is led by an Inspector General of Police (IGP).

    Healthcare

    The city is served by various hospitals such as the Father Muller Charitable Institutions (FMCI), KMC Hospital, AJ Hospital and Wenlock Hospital. As of 2020, over 2500 doctors, nurses, paramedics and other health care providers will be working in FMCI. Wenlock Hospital has around 1000 beds and is geared towards health care in neighboring districts. Mangalore is a hub for medical tourism and receives patients from abroad. In 2017-19, around 240 foreigners received treatment in three hospitals across the city. Of these, approximately 50 percent of the patients arrived in 2018 and 2019. KMC, AJ, and Yenepoya hospitals received the highest number of foreign patients, including those from the United States. In the years 2017-19, 68 foreigners were treated at Yenepoya Hospital. The largest influx of foreign patients to Mangalore comes from the Gulf States.

    Utility services

    In Mangalore, electricity is regulated by the Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL) and distributed through Mangalore by Electricity Supply Companies (MESCOM). Large state-owned companies such as Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL) and Mangalore Chemicals & amp; Fertilizers (MCF) operate their own power plants on their own.

    Drinking water is supplied to the city from a ventilated dam built across the Netravati River in Thumbe, 14 km from Mangalore. The Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management (KUDCEMP) project aims to improve safe water supply systems and reduce leaks and losses in the city's distribution system. The French company Suez Environnement is responsible for the distribution and rehabilitation of the drinking water in Mangalore. The city's official landfill is in Vamanjoor. The city generates an average of 175 tons of waste per day, which is handled by the MCC's health department.

    Mangalore is the headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada Telecommunications District, the second largest telecommunications district in Karnataka. Fixed line telecommunications services are provided alongside mobile cellular services with GSM and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). Leading broadband Internet service providers in the city include Airtel and DataOne from Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited.

    education

    Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts are considered to be an important educational corridor in India. In schools and colleges below the university level, the teaching media are mainly English and Kannada, and English is used for teaching in universities. Schools and colleges in Mangalore are run either by the government or by private trusts and individuals. The schools are affiliated with either the Karnataka State Board, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).

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    • Protestant School Basel (1838)
    • Milagres School (1848)
    • Rosario High School (1858)
    • University College (1868)
    • St. Ann's High School (1870)
    • St. Aloysius College (1879)
    • Canara High School (1891)
    • St. Agnes PU College (1921)
    • Sacred Hearts' School (1943)
    • Cascia High School (1946)
    • Carmel School (1951)
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    Founded in 1953, Kasturba Medical College was India's first private medical college, and in 1987 the Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS) was established in the city. A Corporation Bank public library is located in Mannagudda. Mangalore University was founded on September 10, 1980 to meet the university needs of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kodagu districts. It is a four star accredited facility by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). The NITK is home to South India's first regional academy center for space (RAC-S), which was established by ISRO.

    traffic

    Mangalore is the only city in Karnataka that has all modes of transport - air, road, rail and sea.

    Mangalore International Airport (IATA: IXE, ICAO: VOML) is located near Bajpe-Kenjar, about 13 km northeast of Mangalore city center. It has regular scheduled flights to major cities in India and the Middle East. It is the second largest and second largest airport in Karnataka. New terminals and runways at the airport meet both cargo and passenger requirements. Buses operated by the state government connect the city with the airport.

    Five national highways run through Mangalore. NH-66 (formerly known as NH-17), which runs from Panvel, Maharashtra, to Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, runs through Mangalore in a north-south direction. NH-75 (formerly known as NH-48) runs east to Bangalore and Vellore. NH-169 (formerly known as NH-13) runs northeast from Mangalore to Shimoga. The NH-73, a 315 km long national road, connects Mangalore with Tumkur. NH-275 also connects Mangalore to Bangalore via Mysore. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is equipping the national highways connecting the port of New Mangalore with Surathkal at the NH-66 junction and BC Road at the NH-75 junction. As part of the National Highways Development Project (NHDP) port connectivity program, a 37.5 km stretch of these highways will be expanded from two to four lanes.

    Mangalore's city bus service is dominated by private operators who operate routes that extend beyond the city limits. Mangalore bus services are operated by the Dakshina Kannada Bus Operators 'Association (DKBOA) and the Canara Bus Operators' Association (CBOA). The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) also operates bus services in the city. There are two different route sets for the buses. City routes are covered by city buses, while intercity routes are covered by service and express buses. KSRTC also operates long-distance buses connecting Mangalore with other parts of the state. The green city buses from KSRTC JnNurm run within the city limits.

    The railway connection in Mangalore was established in 1907. The city was the starting point of India's longest railway line. The city has three train stations; Mangalore Central in Hampankatta, Mangalore Junction in Padil and Surathkal Railway Station. A railway line built by the Western Ghats connects Mangalore with Sakleshpur and Hassan. The broad-gauge line connecting Mangalore to Bangalore via Hassan was opened for freight traffic in May 2006 and for passenger traffic in December 2007. Mangalore is also connected by the Southern Railway to Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kollam as well as to Mumbai, Bhatkal, Karwar, Surat, Ajmer and Margao by the Konkan Railway.

    The Port of Mangalore has shipping, warehousing and logistics services, while the Port of New Mangalore handles dry, bulk and liquid cargoes and is equipped to handle petroleum lubricants, raw materials and liquefied gas containers. The Indian Coast Guard has a station in the port of New Mangalore. This man-made port is India's seventh largest container port and the only major port in Karnataka. Electronic visas (e-visas) are available for travelers arriving at the port of New Mangalore in India.

    Culture

    music and dance

    Many forms of classical dance and folk art are practiced in Mangalore. Yakshagana is a nightly dance and theater performance while Pilivesha (Tiger Dance), a folk dance unique in the city, during Dasara is listed and Krishna Janmashtami . Karadi Vesha (Bear Dance) is another well-known dance that occurs during Dasara is listed.

    Paddanas , Ballad- Like epics passed down orally for generations, they are sung by a community of impersonators in Tulu and usually accompanied by rhythmic drum beats. The unique traditions of the Bearys are reflected in folk songs such as Kolkai (sung during Kolata, a brave folk dance that uses sticks as props), Unjal against Pat (traditional lullaby), Moilanji Pat and Oppune Pat (sung at weddings). The Evkaristik Purshanv (Konkani: Eucharistic Procession) is an annual Catholic religious procession that takes place on the first Sunday of each year.

    Festivals

    Most of the popular Indian festivals are celebrated, the main ones being Dasara, Diwali, Christmas, Easter, Eid and Ganesh Chaturthi. Kodial Theru, also known as Mangalore Rathotsava (Chariot Festival), is unique in the Goud Saraswat Brahmin community and is celebrated in the city's Sri Venkatramana Temple.

    The unique festivals of the Mangalore Catholic community include that Monti Fest (Feast of Mother Mary), which celebrates Christmas and the blessing of new harvests. The Jain Milan , a committee made up of Jain families, organizes the annual Jain Food Festival during Mosaru Kudike (Quarkfest), the part of Krishna is The Janmashtami Festival is celebrated by the entire community. During Ramadan, mosques offer special night prayers called Taraveeh (rest and relaxation).

    Aati , a festival that Kalenja , a guardian spirit of the city, revered, takes place during the Aashaadha Month of the Hindu calendar. Festivals like Karavali Utsav (Coastal Festival) and Kudlotsava (Tulu: Festival of Mangalore) are celebrated with national and state performances in dance, theater, and music. Bhuta Kola (Spirit worship) is usually performed at night by the Tuluva community. Nagaradhane (Snake worship) becomes the praise of Naga Devatha (the serpent king) who is said to be the protector of all snakes. Kori Katta, an ancient ritual associated with Hindu temples in rural areas, a religious and spiritual cockfight, is held in the temples if the police give permission.

    kitchen

    Mangalorean cuisine is largely influenced by South Indian cuisine. Several local cuisines are unique to the various communities in the region. Coconut, curry leaves, ginger, garlic, and chilli are common ingredients in Mangalorean curries. Well-known Mangalorean dishes are Kori Rotti, Neer Dosa, Pundi (rice balls), Patrode, Golibaje and Mangalore rolls. Mangalorean cuisine is also known for fish and chicken dishes such as Bangude Pulimunchi (spicy sour silver-gray mackerel), Boothai Gasi (Sardine sauce), Anjal Roast, Mangalorean Chicken Sukka and Chicken Ghee Roast. Since Mangalore is a coastal city, fish is the staple food for most of the people. The specialties of the Konkani Hindu community include daali thoy (Lentil curry), bibbe-upkari (tender cashew nut curry), val val Milk-based (coconut) curry), Ambat (Vegetable-based coconut curry), Avnas Ambe Sasam (Pineapple-mango-fruit salad), Kadgi Chakko (raw jackfruit coconut curry), Paagila Podi (Spine pumpkin fries) and Chane Gashi (Chick pea curry). Mangalorean Catholic Court sanna-dukra maas ( sanna - idli , filled with vortex or yeast; dukra maas - Pork meat ), Pork bafat , Sorpotel and mutton Biryani of the bearded Muslims are well known dishes. Cucumber like happala , sandy and puli munchi is only available in Mangalore. Shendi (Wirbel), a country liqueur made from coconut flower juice, is popular. Vegetarian cuisine, also known as Udupi cuisine, is known across the state and region.

    media

    Mangalore Samachara , the first newspaper in Kannada, was published in 1843 by Hermann Mögling from the Basel Mission. The first Kannada-to-English dictionary was published in Mangalore in 1894 by Ferdinand Kittel. Major national English language newspapers such as Times of India , The Hindu , The New Indian Express , Deccan Herald and Daijiworld publish localized Mangalore editions. Madipu (Appreciation), Mogaveera , Samparka (Contact) and Saphala (Success) are the well-known Tulu magazines in Mangalore.

    Popular Konkani magazines published in the city are Raknno (Guardian), Konknni Dirvem (Konkani Treasure) and Kannik (Offer). Bear magazines published in Mangalore include Jyothi (Light) and Swatantra Bharata (Independent India). Kannada-language newspapers are Udayavani (Morning Voice) from Manipal Press Ltd, Vijaya Karnataka (Victory of Karnataka) and Vijayavani (Voice of Victory) from the VRL Group, Prajavani (Voice of the people), Kannada Prabha (Kannada Radiance), Varthabharathi (Indian News), Samyukta Karnataka (United Karnataka) and Hosa Digantha (New Horizon). The city's evening newspapers include Karavali ale (Waves from the shore), Mangalore Mitra (Friend of Mangalore), Sanjevani (Evening voice) and Jayakirana (Rays of Victory) are also published in the city. The konkani-language newspaper Kodial Khabar (Mangalore News) appears every two weeks. Malayalam newspapers like Malayala Manorama (Malayalam Entertainer) and Madhyamam (Medium) publish localized Mangalore editions.

    The state, nationally broadcast television station Doordarshan provides national and local television coverage. Cable television also offers channels from independent private networks. Canara TV and V4 Digital's infotech network, local multi-system operators, broadcast daily video news channels, live events and cultural programs to the city via local channels. Several local television stations broadcast programs and news in Tulu, Konkani, Beary, and Kannada. These include Namma TV, V4 News, and Spandana. Tulu channels are Namma Kudla and Posa Kural. All India Radio (AIR) has a studio in Kadri and broadcasts to Mangalore at 100.3 MHz. Mangalore's private FM stations include Radio Mirchi 98.3 FM, Big 92.7 FM, and Red 93.5 FM. Radio SARANG 107.8 is a community radio station operated by St. Aloysius College.

    Mangalore is home to the Tulu film industry, which releases an average of one film per month. Popular Tulu films are Kadala Mage (Son of the sea) and Suddha (The Purification Rites). Tulu dramas, which are mainly played in the Hampankatta City Hall, are very popular. Mangalore hosted the Tulu film festivals in 2006 and 2015.

    sport and freetime

    Cricket is popular in Mangalore. Local cricket stadiums include Mangala Stadium and B.R. Ambedkar Cricket Stadium (near NMPT). The Sports Authority of India (SAI) has a sports training center at Mangala Stadium. Mangalore United is a Karnataka Premier League (KPL) franchise owned by Fiza Developers. Mangalore Premier League (MPL) is a cricket tournament organized by the Karnataka Regional Cricket Academy. Nehru Maidan is a major local venue that hosts domestic, inter-school, and intercollegiate tournaments. The Mangalore Sports Club (MSC) has been elected an institutional member of the Mangalore Zone of the Karnataka State Cricket Association (KSCA). Lokesh Rahul, commonly known as KL Rahul and Budhi Kunderan, a former Indian wicket keeper, are from Mangalore. Ravi Shastri, who represented India in international cricket as an all-rounder for several years and led the team, is of Mangalorean descent.

    Soccer is popular in the city and is usually used by the Maidans played (Reasons); The Nehru Maidan is the most popular venue for national tournaments. The Dakshina Kannada District Football Association (DKDFA) organizes the annually Independence Day Cup , which will be played on Independence Day on the district's soccer field next to Nehru Maidan. Schools and colleges from Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kodagu districts participate, and the games are run in seven categories for children and young adults in education. Chess is a popular indoor pastime in the city. Mangalore is the headquarters of the South Kanara District Chess Association (SKDCA), which has hosted two All India Open Chess tournaments. Other sports such as tennis, squash, billiards, badminton, table tennis and golf are played in clubs and gymkhanas in Mangalore. Pilikula Nisargadhama, an integrated theme park, has an 18-hole golf course in Vamanjoor. The U S Mallya Indoor Stadium offers sports facilities for badminton and basketball players.

    tourism

    Mangalore is located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats. Notable temples and buildings in the city include Mangaladevi Temple, Kadri Manjunath Temple, St. Aloysius Chapel, Rosario Cathedral, Milagres Church, Dargah by Hazrat Shareef ul Madni in Ullal, and Zeenath Baksh Jumma Masjid in Bunder.

    The city is known for beaches like Panambur, Tannirbhavi, NITK Beach, Sasihithlu Beach, Someshwara Beach, Ullal Beach, Kotekar Beach and Batapady Beach. Panambur and Thannirbhavi beaches attract tourists from all over the country. Panambur Beach has facilities such as food stalls, jet skiing, boating, and dolphin watching. Trained lifeguards and patrol cars ensure the safety of visitors.

    Saavira Kambada Basadi is located in Moodabidri, 34 km northeast of Mangalore. The Sultan Battery Watchtower, built by Tipu Sultan, is located in Boloor on the banks of the Gurupura River. Visitors can take the ferry across the river to Tannirbhavi Beach. The Adyar Falls are located on the outskirts of the city, about 12 km from Mangalore city center. The city has developed and maintains public parks such as Pilikula Nisargadhama, Kadri Park, Tagore Park on Light House Hill, and Mahatma Gandhi Park in Gandhinagar in Mannagudda. Tannirbavi Tree Park, Arise Awake Park in Karangalpady, and Corporation Bank Park in Nehru Maidan. Pilikula, which occupies 150 hectares, has a zoo, a botanical garden, a lake, a water park ( manasa ), a Swami Vivekananda planetarium, a science center and a 20 hectare 18-hole golf course. The Swami Vivekananda Planetarium is the first 3D planetarium in India with an 8K resolution.

    Mangalore Dasara , a ten-day festival at Sri Gokarnatheswara Temple, attracts devotees from all over India. The Mangaladevi Temple draws during Navaratri Followers from all over India.

    Twin cities

    Mangalore is a partnership with two Canadian cities:

    • Hamilton, Ontario (since 1968)
    • Delta, British Columbia (since 2010)

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