How is bleach powder made
Mix the bleaching yourself: It's that easy
Would you like to bleach your hair yourself, but with professional products? Mixing a bleach like at the hairdresser's is not difficult at all! We'll tell you what the various developers are all about and in what proportions you can mix the ingredients.
You have probably already bought a color or bleach in the drugstore instead of going to the hairdresser. Unfortunately, the result of such self-experiments is not always very satisfactory. If you want to switch to the professional level, you can also try bleaching powder and developer that you can mix yourself. And that's not difficult at all.
This is how bleaching works
Bleaching is a chemical process that can put a lot of strain on the hair. You should definitely pay attention to this before coloring your hair yourself! Here, bleaching powder is mixed with an oxidizing agent, usually hydrogen peroxide (H.2O2). You get this in the form of a developer in which the oxide is either 2 percent, 6 percent, 9 percent or 12 percent. Only with the help of this developer can the bleaching powder penetrate the hair structure and chemically change the melanin it contains so that the hair color is lighter. So that the hair does not have an undesirable yellow or orange tinge when bleaching, blue or purple pigments are often added to the bleaching powder these days.
Components of a bleaching:
- Bleaching powder *: White, blue or purple powder that only works with developer. The basic composition hardly varies depending on the manufacturer, but there can be differences in quality and also in the degree of whitening.
- 2% developer *: You can use it to lighten light brown to light blonde hair very softly or use it for a bleach wash.
- 6% developer *: Often used with dark hair or with a low level of lightening desired. Should act together with the powder for about an hour.
- 9% developer *: Mostly used on medium-light hair, but also on dark hair. The exposure time can also be less than an hour. The brightening is stronger here than at 6 percent.
- 12% developer *: This developer is rarely used and produces the strongest lightening (up to seven levels). It can severely damage the scalp and hair structure and should therefore only be used by the hairdresser.
tip: If you want to lighten your hair very strongly, you should rather bleach it twice with a 6 percent developer instead of damaging the hair once with 12 percent.
Do you prefer colorful?
Do you have the feeling that blonde just doesn't suit you, or is it not noticeable enough for you? Then try one or more brightly colored trend colors. The following video shows you how you can color your hair in shrill tones.
Instructions: Mix the bleaching
If you know how much you want to lighten your hair, you can get the appropriate developer and the bleaching powder of your choice. Here you can use so-called dust-free powder, because this is not so easy to inhale and therefore does not cause a cough. You also need:
mixing ratio: The mixing ratio of bleaching powder and developer is usually noted on the packaging of the latter. If this is not the case, you can always do it in the ratio of 1:2 mix (yes, fractions are the order of the day!). A example: You use 30 grams of powder (1 part) and 60 grams of developer (2 parts, i.e. double that).
- First you put the desired amount of the bleaching powder in the container. You can measure everything exactly with a kitchen scale or a measuring cup (ml = g).
- Now the developer comes in: Mix it and the powder with the brush to a uniform paste.
- Now start immediately with the application of the bleaching. Because the chemical process is in full swing!
- Adhere exactly to the exposure time on the package of the bleaching powder and then rinse the hair out again.
By the way, bleaching your hair is not just bleaching your hair! Depending on the initial hair color, lightening level and possible matting at the end, very different tones can arise:
So, hopefully all your open questions about bleaching and how to mix them have been answered! To avoid excessive damage when lightening, you can also add Olaplex, a hairdressing product, when bleaching. In another article we will explain how to use Olaplex at home. And if your hair does have an undesirable undertone in the end, you can find out here how to get a yellow tinge out of your hair.
iStock / RobertoDavid / knape / Erstudiostok
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