How did the beer come about?
We consume beer regularly, we know that Germans are among the leaders in global beer consumption and we can differentiate between types of beer. But hardly anyone really knows when exactly beer has been around. Many people would answer this question ad hoc: Some monks invented it and made it in monastery breweries! Unfortunately, that's not entirely true, monks started brewing beer a long time ago, but probably "invented" it, as so often did the ancient Egyptians about 6000 years ago.
the first beer was brewed in Egypt about 6000 years ago.
since when has beer been around?
Even historians don't know the exact day and year, but history experts are certain that the ancient Egyptians made an archetype of beer by fermenting bread in water. Only then are there further indications from the Romans who used beer Cervisia named (after the goddess of crops: Ceres). And the Celts also knew early forms of today's beer under the name Korma. But then it was the monastery breweries that tried to bring a certain order into the art of brewing by introducing the "regulated brewing operation". Until then, beer was brewed from all sorts of different herbs and mixtures, which were summarized under the technical term "Grut". It was only with the regular brewing operations that hops established themselves as the main brewing ingredient and displaced the grut. A main reason for this will have been the antimicrobial property of the hops, which simply made the beer more durable than the herbal mixtures of the Grut beers (often consisting of yarrow, heather, mugwort, rosemary, thyme, sage, laurel, meadowsweet, anise, caraway, Juniper, coriander).
intoxicating additives in beer
At that time, other (hallucinogenic) substances were often added to the Grut mixtures, which were supposed to increase the intoxicating effect. Belladonna, fly agaric or thorn apple, for example, were used. Presumably these additives were added to the beer at the time because the alcohol content was much lower than the beer we know we drink today. Beer was even given to children to drink because by boiling the wort (grut) the brew was almost germ-free, which one could not necessarily say about water sources, especially in metropolitan areas.
Brewing process back then
Until the early 19th century, beer was generally brewed using top-fermentation. It was only when the Austrian Adolf Ignaz Mautner von Markhof invented the so-called compressed yeast that this suddenly changed. The Pilsen beer later emerged from the trend towards bottom-fermented beers. With the first bottom-fermented beers from the Schwechat brewery, the Austrians even won numerous prizes at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1867.
Link tips on the history of beer
Since we like to drink beer, but are not beer historians (except for Julian, who actually studied history), we would like to refer you to the website of the German Brewers Association, which contains a very detailed article on the history of beer: http: // www.brauer-bund.de/index.php?id=21. And also in the corresponding Wikipedia entry you can read more interesting facts: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bier. By the way: Beer has a firm place in world history! You can find out why beer has often saved the world here in this great infographic http://bierologie.de/spass/bier-hat-die-welt-gerettet/.
Image source: fritz zühlke / pixelio.de
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