How do we say interesting in Korean
Lesson 1: Greeting and Farewell
How do you greet and say goodbye in Korean?
You have probably heard the Korean greeting before.
안녕하세요 = Annyeonghaseyo= Greeting
We always say 안녕하세요.
It doesn't matter what time of day it is, so 안녕하세요 Good morning, good day, good evening, Grüß Gott and hello.
The importance of the formal Korean greeting
When we greet someone, we bow a little.
안녕 = Annyeong = peace
안녕 literally means peace or wellbeing, so 안녕하세요 means. Are you at peace? Are you well? How are you?
These questions, are you at peace? Are you well? " were probably used as a greeting because in the past many people died early and became sick. So let's just say 안녕하세요.
Because 안녕하세요 is already the question of well-being, we don't ask "How are you?" When we strangers, how are you? " or "How are you?" ask in korean it is very strange.
안녕하세요 is already a form of courtesy. Politeness is important in Korean and not the same as in German, so you have to learn politeness first.
I tell you about it in this post about politeness in Korean.
Who can you say Annyeonghaseyo 안녕하세요 to?
We must always be polite to strangers and we especially respect older people. We must also be polite to all adults except friends of the same age.
For example, it is not uncommon to greet a good friend who is a few years older than me with 안녕하세요, while she greets me with the informal form.
The informal form of the Korean greeting and when to use it
안녕 = Annyeong = informal greeting
안녕 is the informal form of hello in Korean. You can only say 안녕 to children or friends of the same age, but not to adults, older people or strangers.
How to say goodbye in Korean
안녕히 가세요 = Annyeonghi Gaseyo= Goodbye
안녕히 계세요 = Annyeonghi Gyeseyo = Goodbye
Why are there two different words to say goodbye to in Korean?
안녕히 가세요 literally means go in peace.
안녕히 계세요. literally means stay in peace.
When we say goodbye to someone who is walking away, we say안녕히 가세요so go in peace. If we go away and the other person stays, we say안녕히 계세요so stay in peace.
For example, if I stay at school after the course and you go home, I say 안녕히 가세요 to you and you say 안녕히 계세요 to me.
We met by chance on the street and had a little chat, but we all have to move on.
What do we say in that case?
Each of us says 안녕히 가세요 because we all leave.
안녕히 가세요 and 안녕히 계세요 depend on the situation.
An example of the Korean "goodbye"
I am telling you an experience of myself.
I go to the Asian supermarket sometimes. The boss always greets me in Korean. 안녕하세요. That's very nice, but when I leave he always says 안녕히 계세요 because he hears 안녕히 계세요 from me and other Korean customers.
Actually he should say 안녕히 가세요 because he stays and I go.
The informal goodbye in Korean
안녕히 가세요 and 안녕히 계세요 are also polite. Then how can you say goodbye to children or friends?
The same way you greet friends or children in Korean. The informal goodbye in Korean is the same as the informal greeting 안녕.
One interesting thing is that we don't say 안녕하세요, 안녕, 안녕히 가세요, or 안녕히 계세요 to our closest relatives.
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