Who won the battle of Cape Spartivento
Updated Nov 30, 2020
General situation / radio reconnaissance
The British introduced new indicator tables for the long subtraction tables, but a methodological error made it easier for the German B service to decipher the "Naval Cypher No.3" for convoy control.
General situation / Finland
Visit of the chief of OKW, Field Marshal Keitel, to Finland to discuss operations on the Karelian Isthmus and against Hanko with the Supreme Commander of the Finnish Armed Forces, Field Marshal Mannerheim. Mannerheim makes it clear that the Finnish government will not allow any action beyond the old borders of 1939 and that the Finnish armed forces will not be able to attack Hanko in the near future; therefore this operation would have to be carried out by the Germans, either from the south or by dispatching to Hanko himself.
1st cruiser USS Tuscaloosa off Iceland
The US Atlantic Fleet is responsible for securing the fast North Atlantic convoys between Argentia (Newfoundland) and Iceland. The Commander in Chief US Atlantic Fleet, Adm. King, issues an operational order for the "Denmark Strait Patrol" between Greenland and Iceland (see 1.-11.9.).
Reorganization of the Canadian escorts: EG.14 - destroyer Assiniboine, Havelock (RN) and St. Laurent; EG.15 - destroyer Burwell (RN) and Saguenay, Corvettes Dianthus, Honeysuckle and Snowberry (all RN); EG.16 - destroyer Broadwater (RN), Corvettes Chilliwack, Rimouski and Spikenard; EG.17 - destroyer Broadway, Corvettes Polyanthus, Cobalt and Trail; EG.18 - destroyer Churchill, Corvettes Camellia, Arrowhead and Eyebright; EG.19 - destroyer Burnham, Corvettes Mayflower, Agassiz and Levis; EG.20 - destroyer Columbia, Corvettes Gladiolus, mimosa and Wetaskiwin; EG.21 - destroyer St.Croix, Corvettes Chambly, Pictou, Buctouche and Was true; EG.22 - destroyer Ramsey, Corvettes Candytuft, Bittersweet and Fennel; EG.23 - destroyer Chesterfield, Corvettes Reading, Hepatica and Prescott; EG.24 - destroyer Skeena, Corvettes Alberni, Orillia and Kenogami; EG.25 - destroyer Niagara, Corvettes Alysse, Celandine and Collingwood.
Formation of the 10th submarine flotilla (Capt. Simpson) with the boats Ursula, Unique, Upholder, Urge, Utmost, Upright and Unbeaten of the Royal Navy in Malta.
During a British air raid on a German escort near Barfleur, the outpost boat is used V 1512 severely damaged.
Ital. Convoy with the 5 motor ships Andrea Gritti, Rialto, Vettor Pisani, Francesco Barbaro and Sebastiano Venier from Naples to Tripoli, secured by the destroyers Because Recco, Dardo, Folgore and Strale, later reinforced by Ascari and Launch, will be in the night of 3.9. Attacked by torpedo planes from Malta south of Cape Spartivento. The Andrea Gritti (6338 GRT) is owned by a Swordfish sunk (347 dead, only 2 survivors), the Francesco Barbaro gets corrupted and later used by Dardo and tugs secured by the destroyers Ascari and Launch brought to Messina. - British bombers sink east of Sardinia on September 3rd. the ital. Commandante Bafile (1790 GRT).
Use of the cruiser ChervonaUkraine and Comintern as well as the destroyer Soobrazitelny, Besposhchadny,Nezamozhnik, Boikiand Shaumyan in support of the coastal army, especially at Dofinovka and Ilyichevka. Use of fog buoys to cover against the Romanian coastal battery near Fontanka. The bombardments lead to significant losses among Romanian troops. On 5.9. Another battle of the Soviet cruiser Comintern with the Romanian coastal battery at Fontanka.
Operations of the Submarine group "Markgraf". Gathered from southwest Iceland U 652, U 105, U 432, U 38, U 84, U 501, U 43, U 202, U 82, U 207, U 569, U 433, U 85 and U81 a blocking belt is formed. But already on 1.9. the radio messages of the B.d.U. deciphered in Bletchley Park on August 28th, 30th and 31st. The convoys ON.10S and ON.11F then head westwards and the convoys HX.146 (fuse EG.17 with the British destroyer Broadway, Corvette Polyanthus and canada. Corvettes Cobalt and Trail) and SC.41 (fuse EG.21 with destroyer St.Croix and the corvettes Pictou, Buctouche,Was true) headed east around the outpost strip "Margrave".
2nd destroyer USS Greer
Greer- Incident: On 4.9. Warning message from the patrol aircraft Hudson, M ’ / 269th Sq. RAF to the US destroyer marching to Iceland Greer (LtCdr. Frost) about a nearby German submarine. At this time the US Task Units TU.1.1.5 (with the destroyers Bernadou and Lea) 1 American and 1 Icelandic ship from Reykjavik to Argentia, and TU.1.1.7 (with the destroyers Lansdale, Gleaves, Madison and Charles F. Hughes) 2 American ships from Argentia to Iceland. Greer runs towards the specified position and locates the submerged one U652 (Oblt.z.S. Fraatz). The plane engages U 652 with depth charges. U652 but suspected in Greer the attacker and tries to torpedo the destroyer. Greer evades and fights the submarine unsuccessfully with depth charges. After TU.1.1.5 and convoy ON.10S have passed the endangered area, the submarine group "Markgraf" is ordered 150 nm further west. When this command on 9/6 is decrypted, TU.1.1.7 and Konvoi HX.147 (secured by EG.20 with destroyer Columbia and the corvettes Wetasciwin (RCN), mimosa (FFN) and Gladiolus) are diverted northwards and thus bypass the new reconnaissance strip. — On 5.9. sunk U501 (KKpt. Hugo Förster) the Norwegian straggler Einvik (2000 GRT) from convoy SC.41. On 9/6 rescues the US destroyer Lansdale 3 survivors of U 38 on 8/18 panam sunk southwest of Iceland. Freighter Longtaker.
The last 2 patrols in the middle. North Atlantic with battleship Mississippi (27.8.-11.9.) And the destroyers O'Brien, Wake up, Stack, Sterett and Rowan as Arkansas (2.-11.9.) With the destroyers Rhind and Mayrant. —The US Atlantic fleet forms the "Denmark Strait Patrol" (KAdm. Giffen) at the base in Hvalfjordur (Iceland): Heavy cruisers Wichita, Tuscoloosa, Desron 2 (Capt. Ainsworth) and Desdiv 22 (a total of 13 destroyers) as well as 2 of each of the 3 battleships Idaho, NewMexico and Mississippi (Overview US Task Forces).
List of Submarine group »Kurfürst« With U77, U568, U553, U206, U567, U563 and U96 in the area west of the North Canal and the Submarine group »Bosemüller« With U 71, U 557, U 561, U 95, U 751, U 83, U 562 and U558 west to southwest of Ireland. The one on the march back U 73 sighted the convoy SL.84. Then on 1.9. the group "Bosemüller" was assigned, but found nothing in poor weather. On that of one Fw200 The convoy OG.73 which was sighted by I./KG.40 was assigned the group »Elector«. On 2.9. bounces U557 in the fog on the convoy, U83 sees a corvette of the security, the convoy is also reported by the aerial reconnaissance, thereupon the groups "Kurfürst" and "Bosemüller" are combined to the group "Seewolf" and assigned to the OG.73. of U98 sighted convoy. U567 (Kptlt. Fahr) sinks the British single driver on the same day Fort Richepanse (3485 GRT). On the night of September 6th sunk U141 (Oblt.z.S. Schüler) the Icelandic fish steamer Jarlinn (190 GRT) and the British outpost boat King Erik (228 GRT) off Iceland.
On 9/11 becomes the group "sea wolf" with the rest of the boats U69,U94,U557, U561,U565,U95 and U98 moved to the area northwest of the Hebrides. On September 14th, 15th and 18th convoys are sighted by the aerial reconnaissance, on 14.9. from U565, but no other boats come near U561 and U95 are attacked by airplanes. Just U98 (Kptlt. Gysae) can on 16.9. from convoy SC.42 still the brit. Jedmoor countersink (see 6.-16.9.). Fw 200 damage on 9/15 the norwegian motor tanker used in british naval services Vinga (7321 GRT).
The German submarines U108, U111 and U125 operate in the St. Paul area. U111 (Kptlt. Kleinschmidt) sunk on 10.9. the netherlands Brands (5719 BRT) and on 20.9. the brit. Cingalese Prince (8474 GRT). On 9/24 relocate the boats in the Cape Verde area and in front of Freetown in order to operate together with submarines of the following wave.
Waters around Great Britain
German planes throw a total of 555 air mines. Then sink in front of the Humber estuary on September 7th. the trawler Ophir II (213 GRT) and on 8.9. the auxiliary ship Corfield (1791 BRT), on September 15. before Cromer die Birtley (2873 GRT) and in the mouth of the Clyde the tug Flying kite (260 GRT), on September 17. before Harwich die Bradglen (4741 BRT), on September 20. the ferry in the southern St. George's Canal Portsdown (342 GRT), on September 21. the tanker in the Thames estuary Vancouver (5729 BRT) and on 28.9. north of the mouth of the Mersey the trawlers Murielle (96 GRT). Will be damaged on 9/15. in the mouth of the Clyde the tugboat Atlantic Cock (182 GRT), and north of Harwich the Belgian tanker Pontfield (8,290 GRT), the forecastle of which sinks after the ship broke up, on September 24th. in front of Milford Haven the Daltorhall (7253 GRT) and on 26.9. in the Bristol Channel the Oriole (489 GRT).
US Task Force TF.3 (KAdm. Ingram) regularly conducts overlapping patrols of about three weeks between Trinidad and Recife (Brazil), then to a point southwest of the Cape Verde Islands, and back to the area between Trinidad and Recife. There are 4 task groups patrolling, each with a cruiser and a destroyer: TG.3.6. (A) with Milwaukee and Warrington from 1st to 21st September and from 7th to 27th October; TG.3.5. (B) with Omaha and Somers from 23.9.-11.10. and from October 20 to November 15; TG.3.7. (C) with Memphis and Davis from 1.-19.10 and from 5.-23.11; TG.3.8. (D) with Cincinatti and Jouett from 9th to 27th October and from 4th to 30th November (canceled because Cincinatti and Warrington return to Yorktown).
First reinforcement of the »Juminda«-Block to prevent an outbreak of Soviet warships from Kronstadt through the Finnish bosom, the return march of the light naval forces still in the area of the Baltic Islands and traffic from Kronstadt to Hangö. The Finnish miner Riilahti lays 84 new mines west of the »Juminda« barrier. The German mine ship Emperor (KKpt.d.R. Dr. Brill) secures the barrier with 120 explosive buoys. The Finnish S-boat sinks when it advances into the Koivisto Narrows Syoksy the Soviet steamer Meero (ex-estn., 1866 BRT).
On the 2.9. Convoy HG.72 leaving Gibraltar (with the destroyers Rotknor, Boreas, Wild Swan, Avon Vale, Encounter, Nestor) operate from September 4-6. the Italian submarines Calvi, Baracca, Cappellini and ThereVincibut they don't find him. On 9/8 becomes Baracca west of Gibraltar while capturing a new Vp. strip from the British destroyer Croome Forced to surface with depth charges and after a short artillery battle brought to the surface with a ram thrust.
Operate from September 10th to 12th Da Vinci, Morosini, Torelli other Malaspina west of Gibraltar on a convoy, which on 10.9. has expired (this cannot be again about HG.72, which expired on September 2nd), and are secured with the destroyers Rotknor (SOE Capt de Salis), Avon Vale, Encounter and Nestor and the escort group EG.36 with the sloop Deptford and 5 corvettes, to which on 12.9. the destroyers that left Plymouth Boreas and Wild Swan push, pushed away.
3rd Soviet. Shchuka V-bis submarine.
Soviet submarines have been cruising in the western part of the Black Sea since August Shch-212 and Shch-216, operate off the Bulgarian coast S-32 and S-33, which was released on 4.9. the Hungarian steamers Cordelia and Szeged missed in the northwest M-34 and M-36. The boats off Constan werdena will be replaced by at the beginning of September S-34, the 7.9. the romanian. Gunboat Dumitrescu missed, as well as from Shch-208 and Shch-213while in the Fidonisi area first M-35, then M-58 and M-62 operate. Patrols the northwestern part M-51, which was released on 9/11 of M-111 is replaced.
North Sea / Norway
Attacks by RAF Coastal Command on shipping. In Norwegian waters on 2.9. the German Oslebshausen (4989 GRT) near Stavanger with an air torpedo and on September 12th. the finn. Tauri (2517 GRT) sunk by bombs in front of Bergen. On September 17 becomes the small norw. tanker Vard damaged by bombs. - In the south of the North Sea, on 15.9. the German Johann Wessels (4659 GRT) lost by air raid near Norderney, on September 12th. will the Narvik Damaged by air raid north of Ameland.´
Successes British air mine contamination: On 2.9. goes in the Osterems salvage tug Peter Wessels (135 GRT) lost. On September 19 The fishing steamer sinks east of Grenaa (Kattegatt) Colorful cow (262 GRT) when fishing. On 9/28 will the norw.? Aspe (xxx BRT) north of Ameland damaged by air mines.
German air raids with Ju 88 the I. and II./LG.1 on ship targets off Suez. On September 3rd / 4th will the brit. Harpalycus (5629 GRT) badly damaged, on September 5th / 6th. becomes the US freighter loaded with war material Steel Seafarer (5718 GRT) sunk 200 nautical miles south of Suez and sunk on 10.9. the panam. freighter Honduras (4524 GRT) damaged.
North Sea / Norway
After the termination of a British commando operation against Spitzbergen (see August 19 - 3.9.) manages the cover group under RAdm. Wake walker with carrier Victorious and the cruisers Devonshire, Suffolk on September 3rd and 7th with carrier aircraft 2 forays against German shipping in the Tromsö area. The success remains low. Torpedo aircraft the Victorious sink the Norwegian route steamer in front of the Vestfjord Baroey (424 GRT), over 30 German soldiers and 120 Norwegian passengers are killed. - RAdm. Vian bumps into the cruisers Nigeria and Aurora on September 6th / 7th to the polar coast and meets a small German convoy in front of the Porsangerfjord. The cruisers destroy the artillery training ship brake (KKpt. V. Brosy-Steinberg †). The vans Trautenfels (6418 GRT) and Barcelona (3101 GRT) with about 1500 men of the 6th Geb.-Div. on board escape into the fjord in poor visibility. On 9/10 the British associations arrive back at Scapa Flow.
Operation "Strength": carrier Argus, accompanied by the cruiser Shropshire and the destroyers Matabele, Punjabi and Somali, starts just before the Kola Fjord 24 Hurricane hunter of the 151st Fighter Wing for relocation to Vaenga near Murmansk. 24 more aircraft are dismantled and on a steamer to Arkhangelsk and from there until 9/11. transferred to Vaenga. Mine cruiser Adventure brings a load of mines to Murmansk.
Allied submarine operations. The British submarines operate from Polyarnoe Trident and Tigris. On September 3rd misses the German U566 the one returning to their base Trident. Sunk in front of the Breisund Tigris (Cdr. Bone) the Norwegian steamer Richard With (905 GRT) and missed on September 15 and 17. two convoys in Lopphavet.
In front of the Norwegian polar coast are the Soviet submarines D-3, Shch-402, M-173, K-1, Shch-422, M-174 (2x), K-2, Shch-401, M-171, M-172 and M-175 used. K-1 (Kpt. 3.Rg. M.P. Avgustinovich) operated unsuccessfully for 28 days in the Vestfjord area. K-2 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Utkin with the chief of the 1. U-Boot-Div., Kpt. 2.Rg. Gadzhiev on board) lays on 10.9. the first Soviet underground mine barrier in front of Vardö (cleared later) and takes effect on September 12th. the steamer in front of the Persfjord Lofoten (1517 GRT) arrives with artillery, but the ship escapes. Shch-422 (Kptlt. Malyshev) scored after 2 failed attacks on the 3rd and 5th of September. the first success with the sinking of the Norwegian steamer OttarJarl (1459 GRT) on September 12th in front of the Tanafjord. M-171 and M-172 miss their targets in a torpedo attack on September 13 and 14 off Liinahamari and Bokfjord. M-173 (Kptlt. I.A. Kunets) drops 13 agents on the coast of the Varanger Peninsula.
In the period from 3rd to 12th September come the submarines transferred north through the White Sea Canal K-22, L-22, L-20, K-3, S-101 and S-102 in Belomorsk. You will be together with the boats that arrived at the end of August K-21 and K-23 on September 15 officially put into service with the Northern Fleet. The boats L-20, L-22, S-101 and S-102 have yet to go through the final equipment and cannot begin operations until 1942.
The heavy cruiser admiralScheer temporarily moved to Oslo with 3 torpedo boats escorted. B-17-Bombers of the 2nd Group of the RAF Bomber Command attempt on September 5th and 8th. unsuccessfully attacking the ship. It returns to Swinoujscie unharmed.
Waters around Great Britain
Successful sinking of German bombers: Westl. Great Britain will be on 4.9. at the Isle of Bardsey the Abbas Combe (489 GRT) sunk and the Dutch. Tone S. (466 GRT) damaged. In St. George's Canal on September 6th the Empire Gunner (4492 GRT) and on 15.9. the Daru (3854 GRT) lost. - East of the Faroe Islands, on 13.9. the British naval transporter Bloomfield (1417 GRT) sunk.
Before Utsira operates the Dutch. Submarine O.14, but does not run into goals. The boat will be on the 12.9. by the brit. Minerve replaced.
General location / Mediterranean
On 5.9. arranges the Skl. the immediate transfer of 6 German submarines to the Mediterranean Sea (see 16.9.-5.10.). The task is to disturb the British supply traffic to Tobruk; Salamis (near Athens) is planned as a base. On 9/13 Hitler orders an accelerated execution of this measure. On 9/15 running U 79 as the first boat (apart from a short interlude in autumn 1939) from Lorient to the Mediterranean.
Allied submarine operations. In the western Mediterranean sink the Dutch. O.21 (Kptlt. Van Dulm) and O.24 (Kptlt. De Booy) on 5.9. the ital. Isarco (5738 GRT) and on 9.9. at Elba the Italo Balbo (5114 GRT). BRT, to be damaged on 5.9. Fish steamer Carla (347 GRT) and on 7.9. the freighter Ernesto (7271 GRT). As a result, shipping in the Tyrrhenian Sea is temporarily suspended. In the eastern Mediterranean, the British torpedoed. Perseus (LtCdr. Nicolay) on 5.9. in front of the Dardanelles the Italian tanker Maya (3867 GRT) in the company of the T-boat Siriothat sank the severely damaged tanker itself because it could not be towed in. On 9/10 torpedoed Torbay (LtCdr. Miers) in the port of Candia (Crete) the German freighter Norburg (2392 GRT), the ship sinks in the harbor, but is recovered. Sunk off North Africa Thunderbolt (LtCdr. Crouch) in the area of the Sirte from several of the Italian T-boats Centauro and Polluce secured small convoys on 7.9. the ital. Sirena (974 GRT), on 10.9. the Italian sailor Svan I (388 GRT) and on 11.9. the German Livorno (1829 BRT), on 13.9. if a mine-layer misses, on 14.9. the German transporter Tinos.
Convoy battles: From September 5th to 8th runs an italy. Return with the freighters Ernesto, Col di Lana and the tanker Pozarica securing the destroyer Because Recco, Freccia, Folgore, Strale and the torpedo boat Circe from Tripoli to Naples. North Pantelleria hit British torpedo planes Ernestothat of Strale and Circe is brought to Trapani. - From 10-13 September an Italian North Africa convoy runs along Tembia, Caffaro, Nirvo, Bainsizza, Nicolò Odero and Giulia, secured by the destroyers Oriani, Fulmine and the torpedo boats Procione, Pegaso, Orsa, Circe and Perseo, from Naples to Tripoli. It will be on September 12 and 13. Attacked several times by British planes from Malta, they sink the Caffaro (6476 GRT) and the Nicolò Odero (6003 GRT, set up west of Tripoli; there total loss). Also Tembia is hit, catches fire and has to be put on temporarily. The escort ships save more than 500 survivors. - On September 12th British bombers damage the T-boats Cantore and Altair escorted freighter Alfredo Oriani (3059 GRT) on the journey from Patras to Benghazi; the attempt to bring the ship to Kalamata fails; it sinks the next day.
GeneralLocation / Japan
The japan. Privy Council resolves to wage war against the United States and its allies in Southeast Asia if negotiations with the United States are not satisfactorily concluded by October 10th.
The German destroyer Erich Steinbrinck and Bruno Heinemann, which were relocated to Brest at the beginning of April, begin the relocation march to Germany in order to have repairs carried out on the machine systems that have become necessary after just 5 months. The auxiliary minesweeper M 4030 is damaged by mines off Brest and sinks after reaching the port.
Ital. Submarine Dagabur clears up the coast of Egypt between Tobruk and Port Said Topazio (KKpt.Berengan) sunk on 10.9. on the Syrian coast with artillery the British ferry Murefte (691 GRT). On the night of September 10th to damage dt. Ju 87 the destroyers in an attack on the Tobruk supply traffic Decoy and Kimberley by close hits.
4. Excerpt from a German naval square map
North Atlantic / radio reconnaissance
The B.d.U. Admiral Dönitz decides to distribute the submarine group "Markgraf" southeast of Greenland over a larger area in order to cover a larger part of possible convoy routes. When this command on 9/8 is deciphered by Bletchley Park, there are difficulties in identifying the reference points designated by radio, but the "Submarine Tracking Room" (STR) tries everything that the convoys can be guided around the possible danger zone. The convoys ON.12S, HX.148 (secured by EG.22 with the destroyer Richmond and the corvettes Candytuft, Bittersweet and Fennel) and SC.43 (secured by EG.18 with the destroyers Churchill and Chesterfield and the corvettes Arrowhead, Camellia, Eyebright and Celandine) have to take a long detour to the south. On 9/15 becomes a US task force with the destroyers Gleaves, Madison, Lansdale and Charles F. Hughes from Hvalfjord on submarines behind the convoy SC.44 (see 15-26 September).
Convoy SC.42 with 64 ships (Commodore Mackenzie), secured by the kanad. EG.24 (LtCdr. Hibbard) with destroyer Skeena and the corvettes Alberni, Kenogami,Orillia Due to a severe storm, has no way of bypassing the »Margrave« outpost strip southwards and is directed right up to the pack-ice border in front of Greenland.
On 9.9. sunk early U81 (Oblt.z.S. Guggenberger) the Empire Springbuck (5591 BRT), a precursor of the convoy. Recorded in the afternoon U85 (Oblt.z.S. Greger) the SC.42 at Cape Farewell. A first attack from U85 fails, but the contact holder messages come from U85 in the night of September 10th successively several submarines to attack: U432 (Oblt.z.S. Schultze) sinks the Muneric (5229 BRT), later the Dutch Winterswijk (3205 GRT) and the norw. Stargard (1113 GRT). U652 torpedoed 2 ships: the British tanker Tachee (6508 GRT) is from Orillia towed to Reykjavik, the wreck of the Baron Pentland (3410 GRT) will be sold on 19.9. of U372 (Kptlt. Neumann) sunk with a catch shot. U81 sinks the Sally Maersk (ex-Danish, 3252 GRT) and U82 (Oblt.z.S. Rollmann) the catapult ship Empire Hudson (7465 GRT) and missed the destroyer Skeena. The fact that 3 corvettes were left behind to rescue survivors made further attacks easier for the submarines.
On 9/10 holds U432 continuous contact during the day, U85 attacks twice and sinks them Thistleglen (4748 GRT), but is itself from Skeena and Alberni damaged by depth charges. For the 1st time air security surprised, one Catalina the 209th sqn. RAF from Iceland, a submarine and forces U 501 under water. The canada. Corvettes Chambly (Cdr. Prentice) and Moosejaw are dispatched from St. John's to support securing the SC.42 in extreme danger. Coming up from astern, they surprise you U501 (KKpt. Hugo Förster) and sink the boat (commander and 36 men rescued). The corvette Kenogami urges U569 with depth charges. On the night of 9/11 there are again numerous attacks: U82 sinks the British tanker Bulysses (7519 GRT) and the brit. Gypsum Queen (3915 GRT), U652 missed, U 432 sunk the swed. Garm (1231 GRT), U 433 (Oblt.z.S Ey) torpedoed the norw. Bestum (2215 GRT), U207 (Oblt.z.S. F. Meyer) sinks the British freighter Stone pool (4803 GRT) and Berury (4924 GRT), U202 missed. U82 torpedoed 2 ships: the Empire Crossbill (5463 GRT) sinks, the swed. Scania (1980 BRT) is the next day by U 202 (Kptlt. Linder) sunk with a catch shot. - On the same night the corvettes will be HMCS Wetaskiwin, FFS mimosa, HMS Gladiolus and HMS anti-submarine trawlers Buttermere detached from convoy HX.143, and later the British EG.2 (Cdr. Banks) with the destroyers refueled in Hvalfjord Douglas, veteran, Saladin, Skate and Leamington from convoy ON.13F, which in turn only from the corvettes anemone, Veronica, Abelia and the trawlers Vizalma and St.Zeno secured and passed north of the SC.42. US Task Unit TU.1.1.6 with the destroyers Ellis, Cole, Broome and Samson secures 4 ships on the march from Reykjavik to Argentia and is now diverted south.
On 9/11 Aircraft of the 209th and 269th Sqn RAF from Iceland take over the air security. veteran (Cdr. Eames) and Leamington (LtCdr. Bowermann) sift through and sink U207 (Olt.z.S. Meyer).U432 keeps in touch during the day. U652 conducts a failed attack, U105 (Kptlt. Schewe) sinks the panam. Montana (1549 GRT). Against the securing of convoy SC.42 under Cdr. Banks, not counting the trawler Windermerewho is accompanying a straggler at the same time remain attacks from U84 (Oblt.z.S. Uphoff) and U43 (Kptlt. Lüth) unsuccessful on the night of September 12th. On 9/12 to run Skeena, Kenogami and Alberni to supply fuel to Hvalfjord (Iceland), while the destroyer was refueled St.Croix from SC.41 and Columbia from the HX.147 to be replaced. On the German side stop during the day U 432, U 373 and U433 one after the other contact, but are pushed aside by the strong sea and air security. There were no attacks the following night. On 9/13 take over the US destroyers Sims, Hughes and Russell the detachment, while the 5 destroyers of the EG.2 run for fuel supply. If visibility is poor in the approaching fog, those who are still operating on the convoy can U433, U572, U552, U373 and U575 no longer find the convoy. The destroyer Skeena joins the convoy with 5 freighters from Iceland to Great Britain. On 9/14 running Chambly to Hvalfjord and the 3 US destroyers are ordered back. Meanwhile, wins U552 (Kptlt. Topp) Brief contact with a security group. But the operation against the SC.42 is canceled. On September 16 can U98 (Kptlt. Gysae) from the SC.42 nor the brit. Jedmoor (4392 GRT) sink. - Overall result: 16 merchant ships with 68,259 GRT are sunk using 19 submarines, U 207 and U 501 get lost.
Operation "Indigo III": US Task Force TF.15 (RAdm. Munroe) - consisting of battleship Idaho, the heavy cruisers Tuscaloosa and Vincennes and the destroyers Winslow, Anderson, Mustin, O'Brien, Sampson, Benson, Hilary P. Jones and Niblack - takes over long-distance cover for an Icelandic replenishment convoy with 4 troop transporters and an army brigade as relief for the "Marines" stationed on Iceland, 3 freighters, and fleet tankers Cimarron, Workshop ship delta as well as an escort group with the US destroyers Bainbridge, Overton, Reuben James, Truxtun, MacLeish, Walke and Morris. The destroyers lead on September 11th and 12th. several depth charges against 8 sonar contacts, all of which turn out to be false targets, but on 14.9. sifts Truxtun a submarine and Truxtun, MacLeish and Sampson throw depth charges at the dive site of the boat. On September 16 the convoy reach Reykjavik and the TF.15 Hvalfjödhur.
With the attack of the 4th S-Flotilla (Kptlt. Bätge) P 48, P 49, S 50, P 52 and S.107 Sunk on a British convoy off the Norfolk coast S 50 (Oblt.z.S. Karcher) the brit. Duncarron (478 GRT) and P 52 (Oblt.z.S. Karl Müller) the norw. Eikshaug (1436 GRT).
The Soviet flotilla leader Kharkov with the destroyers Boiki and Sposobny bring the Black Sea Fleet commander, VAdm. F.S. Oktyabrski, for visits and meetings in Odessa. During their stay, the ships fire together with the destroyer Dzerzhinski romanian. Positions. The destroyer Sposobny is damaged by a bomb close-up in the 2nd machine department
5. Aerial reconnaissance of Leningrad
The cruiser fires from the Leningrad trading port MaksimGorky, the battleship from the sea canal Marat on September 7th at the head of the German 18th Army south of Leningrad. On 9/8 supports the K-boat KrasnoeZnamya from Cape Shepelev the right wing of the Soviet 8th Army in the Oranienbaumer Kessel, the battleship OktyabrskayaRevolutsiya and the cruiser Kirov bombard German collection rooms at Krasnoe Selo and Peterhof.
Boats of the German 5th R-Flotilla put a barrier northeast of Seiskari with 48 EMC mines, the 1st S-Flotilla secures them with 40 explosive buoys. On the following day, the clearing boat received on the approach to another mining company R.58 hit a mine and is brought in, badly damaged.
Thu 217 of the KG.2 sink on 7.9. at Lowestoft the Marcrest (4224 GRT) and at Kinnaird Head the fish freighter coming from Iceland Trsat (1369 GRT). German planes sink on September 22nd and 26th. north or south of the mouth of the Humber the Dutch. Vechtstroom (845 GRT) and the British Prince (4979 GRT). Damaged in air raids on 6.9. before Cromer die Stanmount (4468 BRT) and on 19.9. before Harwich die Prestatyn Rose (1151 GRT).
Operation "Status". The British carrier ArkRoyal runs with the cruiser Hermione and the destroyers Gurkha, Lively, Lance and Forester to the area south of the Balearic Islands and starts 14 (British Qu .: 26) HurricaneHunter. The battleship is on the second push Nelson and destroyer Gurkha, Zulu, legion, Lively, Lance, Foresight and Forester involved. On 9/13 start the carrier ArkRoyal and Furious 45 (British qu .: 23) others Hurricane-Hunters to Malta. Italian submarines set up off the coast of Algeria Alagi and Serpente do not come near. The line-up of the submarines Axum, Adua, Aradam and Set embrini at Cape Bon remains ineffective.
Transport companies from Suursaari to Hangö with submarines of the Soviet Baltic Fleet. Go there P-1 (Kptlt. Loginov, on September 17th), Kalev (Kptlt. Nyrov, on November 1st) and L-2 (on November 14th) lost to mines.
Attack by a mixed British speedboat association (Lt.Cdr. Pumphrey) with MTB 35, 218, 54 as MGB 43 and 52 off Boulogne on the outpost boats V 202 and V 208 guided steamer Trifels (6198 GRT). The Trifels is used by the norw. MTB 54 (Lt. Danielsen) sunk with torpedo. - During the attack by a unit of the 6th MGB Flotilla (LtCdr. Gould) on September 11th. on that of 4 trawlers of the 18thV-Flotilla secured escort by steamer Titmouse MGB 43 is hit several times.
Blockade breakers AnnelieseEssberger (5173 BRT, Kpt. Bahl) arrives in Bordeaux with a cargo of 3,400 t of rubber, which is valuable for the war economy, coming from Dairen (expiry 10.6.).
During the night the 5th R-Flotilla throws a blockade east of Suursaari (Finnenbusen) with 36 EMC mines, the 1st S-Flotilla 40 explosive buoys. The German freighters sink on a harbor barrier in front of Kolberg Mariann (ex-Dutch Holland, 1991 BRT) and Julius H. Stinnes 27 (2530 GRT).
GeneralLocation / Japan
War game of the Japanese Navy under the direction of the Commander-in-Chief of the United Fleets, Admiral Yamamoto. It is based on the assumption of a war against the United States.
The Soviet 1st Destroyer Division of the Northern Fleet with the destroyers Gremyashchi, Gromki, Grozny and Sokrushitelny lays 2 mineblocks in the area of the Fischer Peninsula using the mine barriers of the British mine cruiser Adventure mines transported to Murmansk.
The German submarines U 71, U 73, U 101, U 751, U 106, U 563, U 96, U 77, U 83, U 553, U 561 and U 569 arrive after 4-6 weeks of activities in the North Atlantic without success.
GeneralLocation / USA
President Roosevelt proclaimed in response to that Greer-Incident (see 1.-6.9.) the so-called "shoot-on-sight-order" against all ships of the Axis powers that venture into sea areas, "the protection of which is necessary for the defense of America«.
Atlantic / radio reconnaissance
Because of the difficulties in transmitting positions with the help of reference points, the B.d.U. a number-based encoding of the first two letters of a square on the naval square map in order to make enemy radio reconnaissance more difficult.
Auxiliary cruiser Ship 16 / Atlantis (Kpt.z.S. Rogge) captures the Norwegian motor ship east of the Kermadec Islands Silvaplana (4793 GRT) with a cargo of 5500 t sago, 2100 t rubber and 540 t tin. Rogge decides not to sink the modern ship with its cargo, which is valuable for the German war economy, in spite of the radio message about the seizure, but to send it to France as a prize (later as a KM supplier Karin accepted).
Soviet. cruiser KrasnyKavkaz shoots Romanian in front of Odessa. Positions at Ilinka and Krasny Pereselnets. On 9/12 He is attacked several times by German aircraft without suffering any damage.
On the night of September 12th attack Soviet torpedo cutters for the first time TKA-11 (Kptlt. Svetlov) and TKA-12 (Lt. Shabalin) in front of the Petsamo-Fjord a German convoy, which from the harbor protection boat NT05 / Togo (ex-norw. M-boat Otra) is secured. No matches. - On the night of September 15th attack the Soviet torpedo cutter TKA-13 (Lt. Polyakov) and TKA-15 (Oblt. Chapilin) between Petsamo and Kirkenes the Norwegian route steamer Midnatsol (978 GRT) on, on September 15. torpedoed TKA-14 (Oblt. Zhilyaev) the Norwegian route steamer Renoy. Both steamers survive the war.
The US destroyer McDougal, Moffett, McCormick and Tarbell escort 3 freighters from Newfoundland to Iceland and carry out several depth charges against suspected submarine contacts.
West Atlantic / Greenland
First active intervention by American warships in World War II: US coast guard cutter Northland hijack the norw. trawler Buskoewho has the crew for a German weather station in McKenzie Bay on board.
To protect against German-Finnish. Operations occupy the Soviet submarines M-77 at Someri, M-97 at Reval, M-98 and M-102 important positions in Helsinki. M-97 (Kptlt. Mylnikov) may lead on September 17th. an unsuccessful attack. S-7 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Lisin) continues to operate unsuccessfully off the Swedish coast.
The British Fast Mine Layers Latona and Abdiel and some destroyers transport 6,300 soldiers and 2,100 tons of material to Tobruk and bring 6,000 Australians back to Alexandria.
6. Finnish coastal armored ship Ilmarinen
British submarines Sealion and Seawolf operate unsuccessfully in the Bay of Biscay.
Air warWestern Europe
Heavy attack by the RAF Bomber Command on the German battleships in Brest.
Conquest of the island of Ösel.13./14.9.: Sham operation "Nordwind" with the Finnish Battleship Division (Kpt.z.S. Rahola): coastal armor Ilmarinen (FKpt. Göransson) and Väinämöinen (FKpt. Koivisto), secured by a watch boat association (Kptlt. Peuranheimo) with VMV 1, VMV 14, VMV15 and VMV 16, the German mine ship Grunt (KKpt. Dr. Tobias), 5 boats of the 3rd Vp.-Flotilla, 2 deep-sea tugs, 8 smaller vehicles and the Finnish icebreakers Jääkarhu and Tarmo. Sham enterprise "Westwind" with the torpedo boats T 2, T 5, T 8, T 11, the 2nd and 3rd S-boat flotilla and 9 smaller vehicles against the west side of the island. A third company, »Südwind«, is directing itself from Riga with 3 groups of around 50 small vehicles towards the south coast in order to distract the Soviet crew. It sinks Ilmarinen with 13 officers and 258 men after being hit by a drift mine (supplement). The guard boats save 132 survivors.
14.9.: Landing of the first wave of the 61st Inf.-Div. on moon. 16.9.: Formation of a bridgehead on Dagö. 16./17.9.: Repetition of the "South Wind" operation M 1707 / Lüneburg by Soviet speedboat TKA 67 sunk. 25.-27.9.: Light cruisers bombard the crowded Soviet defenders on the Sworbe peninsula Leipzig (Kpt.z.S. stickleback) and Emden (Kpt.z.S. Mirow) with T 7, T 8 and T 11. Unsuccessful attack by a Soviet speedboat group (Kptlt. W.P. Gumanenko) with TKA 67, TKA 83, TKA 111, TKA 114, in which TKA 83 (Lt. Kremensky) is sunk. At the 28.9. Missile shot of the Soviet submarine Shch-319 (Kptlt. Agashin) on the Leipzig.
The German clearance boats are sabotaged at the Helsinki shipyard R.60, R.61 and R.62 destroyed and the tugs hairdryer and Passat damaged (61 dead).
Attacks by the RAF Bomber Command on Hamburg, Bremen, Cuxhaven and Wilhelmshaven. The Swedish freighter sinks in Hamburg Yarrawonga (4900 GRT).
7. Oceania (see above) and Neptunia are deSunk m British submarine Upholder.
North Africa convoy with the troop carriers Vulcania, Oceania and Neptunia, secured from the destroyers ThereRecco, ThereNoli, Pessagno, Usodimare and Gioberti runs from 16.9. from Taranto to Tripoli. After German and Italian radio messages on September 15. have been deciphered by "Ultra", Malta is informed via the Italian escort. On September 17 British aerial reconnaissance captured the ships east of Calabria early. Approach of the British submarines Upright, Upholder and Unbeaten in an outpost strip northeast of Tripoli and Ursula in front of the port. On September 18 sunk in the morning Upholder (LtCdr. Wanklyn) the Neptunia (19,475 GRT) and the Oceania (19,507 GRT). Upright (Lt. Wraith) is pushed aside by the destroyer, a fan shot from Ursula (Lt. Hezlet) against the Vulcania is outmaneuvered. 6500 men are rescued, 384 men go under. The other British submarines in the area, Thrasher and Utmost, remain unsuccessful. - On September 16 Air raid on a small Italian escort from Trapani to Tripoli with the T-boat secured Clio. The tanker goes Filuccio (248 GRT) north of Zuara lost in a crashing plane.
After the breakthrough of German army units in the Kronstadt Bay, German coastal batteries bombard the Soviet warships near Peterhof. On September 16 get the Marat and the Petropavlovsk the first six-inch hits with little effect. On September 18 will the Maksim Gorky easy and the Petropavlovsk badly hit.
On 9/15 becomes M 3823 Sunk by bombs in Le Havre. On September 20 go the tugvolcano (395 GRT) from being hit by mines off Le Havre and the small freighter Metz ex Indus (733 GRT) lost in a bomb hit near Vlaardingen.
Reorganization of the North Atlantic convoy control in accordance with the resolutions of the Atlantic Conference (cf. 9-12 August). Control of all operations west of the 26th longitude will be transferred to the US COMINCH (Commander-in-Chief) in Washington, the operations east of the 26th longitude will remain under the control of the Admiralty in London. US Task Force TF.4 (KAdm. Bristol) is responsible for securing the HX and ON convoys on the North Atlantic route between Newfoundland and Iceland from Argentia (Newfoundland) and Hvalfjord (Iceland). The US is thus actively participating in the battle in the Atlantic. The slow SC and ONS convoys in the same sea area are carried by the kanad. "Newfoundland Escort Force" (KAdm. Murray) secured. British security groups are taking over east of the Mid Ocean Meeting Point (MOMP). On 9/22 the MOMP is moved from the 26th degree of longitude to the 22nd degree of longitude (west).
The US TG.4.1.1 (Capt. Deyo) with the destroyers Ericsson, Eberle, Upshur, Ellis and Dallas takes over the security of a British convoy in the central North Atlantic for the first time on September 17th. The HX.150 (Commodore: RAdm. Manners, RN), consisting of 44 ships, will be launched on September 25th. handed over to an ad hoc British escort group with the destroyers Churchill, Chesterfield, Broadwater and the corvettes Camellia, Celandine, Alysse (FFN) and Honeysuckle, and runs on 28.9. safe and sound in the north channel.
Operations of the submarine group »Brandenburg«. Sunk on the approach to installation in a Vp. Strip south-east of Cape Farewell (Greenland) U94 (Oblt.z.S. Ites) on September 15th the British stragglers Newbury (5102 GRT) and Empire Eland (5613 GRT) from convoy ON.14, and torpedoed the Greek lone driver Pegasus (5762 BRT), which was only released on September 17. sinks. From 18/19 September to take U74, U 94, U 575, U 372, U 373, U 552, U 69, U 562 and U 572 their positions.
Convoy SC.44 (Commodore Robinson, 56 ships), secured by the canada. EG.23 with destroyer Chesterfield and the corvettes Mayflower, Levis, Agassiz and Honeysuckle (RN), will be released on September 18. of U74 (Kptlt. Kentrat) sighted before the order to deploy the submarines in Bletchley Park can be deciphered. Radio interference, however, prevents a planned approach, it does not operate U74 just U 373, U 94, U 552 and U562. On the night of September 19 engages U74 on and sunk the corvette for the first time Levis. On the night of September 20th sinks the British CAM ship Empire Burton (6956 GRT), while U552 (Kptlt. Topp) first the British tanker T.J. Williams (8212 GRT) and the panam. Pink Star (4150 GRT) sunk and the Norwegian tanker on the second attempt Barbro (6325 GRT) torpedoed on U69 (Kptlt. Zahn) sunk with a shot the next day. – The escort group will be on September 20. reinforced by the corvette FFS Alysse and on 9/21 by the corvettes HMCS Arrowhead and Eyebright, which are withdrawn from other convoys for this purpose. Also on September 20 becomes a US destroyer unit with Winslow, Overton, Truxton, Bainbridge and Reuben James detached in support. – Further attacks by U74 and U562 (Oblt.z.S. Hamm) fail, but the latter sunk on September 22nd. the British single driver Erna III (1590 GRT). On the same day, the British EG.3 secures the SC.44 at the MOMP with the destroyers Bulldog, Amazon, Richmond, Georgetown, the corvettes Heartsease, Aconite (FFN) and 4 UJ trawlers taken over. Success at SC.44: 4 merchant ships with 25,653 GRT are sunk using 5 boats.
The remaining "Brandenburg" boats U94, U372, U562, U431, U564, U575, U69, U373 and U572 are ordered to a new Vp. strip southeast of Cape Farewell. After some boats have started the march back, the line-up will be on September 26th. loosened up.
The Soviet submarines operate in the southern part of the Black Sea D-5, Shch-209, Shch-211 and S-31, in the northern part the submarines M-34, M-35, M-36, M-51, M-58, M-59, M-60, M-62, M-111 and M-112. North Varna misses D-5 (Kptlt. Savitskii) on September 21. the Italian tanker Tampico, M-34 missed the Italian tanker south of Constana on the same day Superga, the same will be on 29.9. at Cape Emine from Shch-211 (Kptlt. Devyatko) successfully torpedoed. Shch-206 is lost in front of Sulina on a flank mine barrier. Lay mine barriers L-4 (Kpt. 3.Rg. Polyakov) on September 7th. near Varna and on 18.9. at Cape Galata, L-5 (Kptlt. Zhdanov) on September 13th at Cape Galata and on 29.9. at Mangalia. On the first-mentioned lock, on 15.9. the Bulgarian steamer Chipka (2304 GRT), whereupon German clearing boats clear the remaining mines first. On September 19 sinks the largest bulgaria. Merchant ship Rodina (4159 GRT) in front of Tsarevo presumably on a defensive suspension. The romanian. Mine layers RuleCarolI. (2369 GRT) sinks on 10.10. on one of the locks at Cape Galata. In the northern part of the Black Sea only comes M-111 (Kptlt. Ioselliani) mistakenly attacked a Soviet transporter, luckily the shot missed its target.
Runs from Kirkeness U451 (Kptlt. Hoffmann) along the coast to Bergen (and on to Kiel). On September 17 if it is attacked by an airplane, a bomb detonates in the wake. On September 18 it can just about avoid a 3 torpedo compartment. The attacker remains unexplained.
The Soviet 157th Rifle Division was transported from Novorossisk to Odessa in 5 groups of 2-3 transporters each, secured by the cruisers Chervona Ukraina,KrasnyKrym,Comintern and the destroyers Bodry,Boiki, Besposhchadny,Bezuprechny,Sposobny,Soobrazhitelny and Frunze. On September 17 attack German bombers and torpedo planes from the transporters Abkhaziya, Gruziya and Dnepr existing and from the cruiser ChervonaUkraine and the destroyers Boiki,Bezuprechny and Nezamozhnik secured group, but the convoy reached Odessa without failures.
North Atlantic / Mediterranean
The first group of German submarines "Goeben" marched out with them U371, U559, U97, U331, U75 and U79between 24.9. and 5.10. pass the Strait of Gibraltar and go into the Eastern Mediterranean. Italy. Submarine Balance decreases between 16 and 25.9. for unknown cause, presumably a mine hit in the Aegean Sea.
General situation / Germany
Hitler orders tightened measures to prevent Soviet naval forces from escaping to the west during the conquest of Leningrad. This leads to intensive air raids (see 21.-24.9.), The strengthening of the mine barriers in the Finnish bosom (see 17.-26.9.) And the formation of the "Baltic Fleet" (see 23.-29.9.)
The Swedish destroyer is destroyed by an explosion Gothenburg, Classhorn and Class Uggla severely damaged. The Gothenburg is being repaired (18.9.43 in service), Class Uggla becomes a total constructive loss, but parts of the destroyer are used to Classhorn to be repaired and put into operation again (December 25, 1943 in service).
Soviet. destroyer Dzerzhinski and cruisers Voroshilov shoot on September 17th and 19th respectively. German troops on the coast in the Odessa area. - monitor Udarny will be on 19.9. sunk by German planes at the island of Tendra.
Further strengthening of the »Juminda« barriers against a possible breakout of the Soviet »Baltflot« to Sweden. On September 17 lay the mine ships Cobra and Emperor Mines at Cape Purikari (66 EMC + 100 explosive buoys) and to the west of »Juminda« (136 EMC + 200 explosive buoys). On 9/21 lays Emperor north of »Juminda« another barrier (86 EMC + 100 explosive buoys). lays Cobra Mines at Kallbadagrund (126 EMC + 100 explosive buoys), each secured by R 55 and R 57. On September 25 lays mine ship queenLuise (Kptlt.Wünning) there is another lock (86 EMC), but she is on the march back from Helsinki because of the early release of the mine search escort on one of the Soviets. MO-IV Guard boats deployed mine barrier lost (mine barrier No.13 from 13.7.41).
8. Shipwrecked people are taken in.
Operations in the Baltic Sea will start on September 20. the Soviet submarines Shch-317, Shch-319 and Shch-320 from Kronstadt. Shch-319 (Kptlt. Agashin) goes on the night of the 23.9. lost on a mine in the bosom of Finland. Shch-317(Kptlt. Mochov) operates to ward off the conquest of Ösels (see 13.9.-5.10.) Shch-320 (Kptlt. Vishnevski) runs in front of the Gdańsk Bay and torpedoed on September 26th. a steamer (unexplained).
The 4th S-Flotilla (Kptlt. Bätge) is involved S.50,P 51 and P 52 east of Cromer to a British convoy. P 51 (Oblt.z.S. Meyer) sinks the freighter Teddington (4762 GRT), S 50 (Oblt.z.S. Karcher) torpedoed the freighter Tetela (5389 GRT), which has to be towed and put on the ground. — When deployed on the nights of 20./21., 27./28. and 29./30.9. off the British south-east coast the flotilla was unsuccessful.
Operations on the Gibraltar Convoy Route. On September 20 reports the marching out U124 (Kptlt. Mohr) south-west of Ireland Convoy OG.74 with 27 ships, the "Ocean Boarding Vessel" Corinthian, of the Escort Group EG.36 (LtCdr. White) with the sloop Deptford and the corvettes Arbutus, Pentstemon, Marigold, Periwinkle and one more. For the first time there is an escort, the Audacity (ex dt. Hanover, Cdr. Mackendrick), on the convoy. The only one nearby, marching out U201 (Oblt.z.S. Snow) is added, but by a Martlet-Plane as well as by Deptford and Arbutus pressed under water while U124 keeps in touch and in the night of 9/21. the brit. Baltallinn (1303 GRT) and Empire Moat (2922 GRT) sunk. Sunk one on September 21st Fw200 the I./KG.40 the rescue ship left to rescue survivors Walmer Castle (906 GRT), another is given by 2 MartletHunter the Audacity shot down (1st shot down by an aircraft of a escort carrier). While the main group with Pentstemon keep running, sweep Deptford and Marigold in support of a dispersed group with 4 steamers at the U201 and U124 Keep in touch for. U201 sunk in the night of 9/22 the British freighter Runa (1575 GRT), Lissa (1511 GRT) and Rhineland (1381 GRT). Overall success on OG.74: 6 merchant ships with 9598 GRT sunk.
9. Catapult ship Springbank sunk.
After tearing off the contact will be U201 and U124 on the oncoming Convoy HG.73 scheduled. He is on September 17. left Gibraltar and consists of 25 ships (Commodore: KAdm. Creighton), catapult ship Jumping bench, Escort destroyer Vimy, 2 sloops, 8 corvettes. On September 18 the Italian submarines standing in waiting rooms west of Gibraltar Torelli, Morosini and ThereVinci scheduled. (Malaspina is since the 7.9. missing and is probably already sunk on the march for an unexplained cause). On September 19 win one after the other temporarily Morosini, the one on transfer to the Mediterranean Sea U371 and Torelli Contact; on September 20 again in the evening Torelli, which on the night of September 22nd from the brit destroyer Vimy damaged with depth charges. On 9/23 lasts a long time Da Vinci Contact. On 9/24 becomes an emotional one Fw200 through the Fulmar-Hunter the Jumping bench pushed away, the bearing signals are heard by three submarines. On the night of September 25th come first U124 (Kptlt. Mohr) and sinks them Empire Stream (2922 GRT), then too U203. On the night of September 26th sunk U203 (Kptlt. Mützelburg) the norw. Varangberg (2842 GRT) and the brit. Avoceta (3442 GRT), the ship of the convoy Commodore, that of the corvette Periwinkle is saved.U124 sinks the British freighter Cortes (1374 GRT) and Petrel (1354 GRT). The brit. Lapwing (1348 BRT) stops to take in survivors and is shortly before the end of the rescue work by U 203 sunk. On September 26th lead air sensing holders during the day U203, U124 and U 205 come up again, sink into the night U124 the norw. Siremalm (2468 GRT) and U201 the brit. Cervantes (1810 GRT) and the catapult ship Jumping bench (5155 GRT). On September 27th hold U 205, U203 and planes in contact, but will U205 Bombed and damaged by British air security departing from Cornwall. On the evening of September 27th sunk U201 south west Ireland the brit. Margareta (3103 GRT), on 28.9. the operation must be aborted because all operational submarines have fired their torpedoes. Overall success at HG.73: Using 5 submarines, 10 ships with 25,818 GRT are sunk.
Allied submarine operations. In the Adriatic torpedoed triumph (Cdr. Woods) on September 18. at Cape Cimiti the ital. Ardor (8960 GRT), which is brought into Crotone, continues on September 20. a brit./jugosl. Sabotage squad on land, sunk on 23.9. at Sibenik the German Windward lake (2373 GRT) and torpedoed on September 24th. the Italian tanker at Ortona Poseidone (6613 GRT) and the ital. Sidamo (2384 GRT). In the Aegean achieved Torbay numerous missed shots, including the Italian salvage ship Cyclops missed. Osiris and talisman and and the greek. Triton also remain unsuccessful. Just Tetrarch (LtCdr. Greenway) sunk on September 26th. south of Milos from a convoy the ital. Città di Bastia (2499 GRT), on September 27th. the Greek sailor Panajotis Kramottos (120 GRT), and torpedoed on 28.9. at Kythnos the German Yalowa (3751 GRT), which was put on and on October 3rd. of talisman is destroyed with torpedo. in the Central Mediterranean missed Thrasher (LtCdr. Cowell) on September 23. a group of 3 destroyers (cf. 22./23.9.) and damaged on 24.9. before Benghazi the ital. Prospero (971 GRT), which is subsequently destroyed by an air raid. Urge (Lt. Tomkinson) missed a small ship on September 24th, undertook on September 25th and 27th. two unsuccessful attempts to pick up agents and bombard a railway line, Upright (Lt. Wraith) sunk on September 27th north of Messina the Italian T-boat Albatross and the Dutch O.21 (Kptlt. Van Dulm) a sailor in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Brit. Torpedo planes hit on September 19. from a Naples-Tripoli convoy with the freighters Caterina, Col di Lana, Marin Sanudo and the tanker Minatitlan securing the destroyer Freccia, Euro, Folgore, Dardo and later) Gioberti the Col di Lana, which is brought to Trapani by tugs, and on 20.9. the one from the torpedo boat Decza directed Marigola (5996 GRT), which touched down at Kuriat and there in October and November from the submarines Urge and Utmost is finally destroyed with torpedoes. - On September 29th the small Italian tanker sinks Fluvior (389 GRT) in the port of Tripoli by an aerial mine hit.
10. Italian »maiale« exhibited in
Attack of the RAF Bomber Command on Szczecin.
Attack by an Italian small combat unit. The Italian submarine Scirè (KKpt. Prince Borghese) penetrates the Bay of Gibraltar at night and deploys 3 teams of torpedo riders, who carry the British tanker in the roadstead and in the naval port Fiona Shell (2444 GRT) sink and the motor ship Durham (10,893 GRT) seriously damage, and the marine tanker sinks Denbydale (8145 GRT). But it will later be recovered and repaired.
German auxiliary cruisers and blockade breakers meet for the supply company "Romulus" east of the Tuamotu Archipelago in the Southeast Pacific. On September 20 meets the auxiliary cruiser Ship 16 / Atlantis (Kpt.z.S. Rogge) the supply ship Münsterland from Japan, on September 24th, auxiliary cruisers hit Ship 45 / Comet (KAdm. Eyssen) with his pinch Kota Nopan to. Runs on September 27th Ship 16 / Atlantis to a meeting with his pinch Silvaplana. Both prize ships and comet then run around Cape Horn in the Atlantic. The Atlantis will not follow until October 29th. to.
The German mine clearance boat R 158 is in a collision with harbor protection boat NT 05 / Togo (ex-norw. minelayer Otra) badly damaged and aground. It sinks on November 5th. when attempting to tow the vehicle.
Soviet landing at Grigorevka. Deployment of the 3rd Marine Rifle Regiment in the rear of the 13th and 15th Romanians. Inf.-Div to attack the 157th and 421st Rifle Divisions to capture the Romanian. To facilitate coastal batteries at Fontanka and Dofinovka.
On 9/21 take the cruisers in Sevastopol KrasnyKavkaz and KrasnyKrym together 3 battalions of the 3rd Marine Rifle Regiment on board and run, secured by the destroyers Boiki, Bezuprechny and Besposhchadny under the leadership of the commander of the cruiser brigade (Kapt. 1.Rg. S.G. Gorshkov). Destroyer runs ahead of them Frunze with the squadron commander, KAdm. L.A. Vladimirsky, on board the landing operation with forces coming from Odessa - the gunboat KrasnayaGruziya, 1 tugboat, 22 cutters and 10 launch boats for disembarkation of the troops - to coordinate. On the afternoon of 9/21 turns the one on the march Frunze in front of the Tendra peninsula that of Ju87 of the StG.77 attacked gunboat KrasnayaArmeniya to come to the rescue. Both ships are called together with the tug OP-8 sunk by the Stukas. Despite these failures, on the night of September 22nd. disembarkation, the heights at Fontanka and Dofinovka are regained. Grab on the same day Ju 87 of the StG.77 the destroyers cruising off the coast to provide fire support for the landing troops Boiki, Bezuprechny and Besposhchadny at. Bezuprechny is damaged by a close hit, Besposhchadny receives heavy hits in the foredeck and is pulled over the stern of the tug SP-14 imported to Odessa while the destroyer Soobrazitelny takes over the backup.
11. Soviet battleship Marat -
destroyed by Stukas
Attacks of I. and III./StG.2 (Colonel Dinort) on ships of the Soviet "Baltflot". On 9/21 meets one Ju87 (Oblt. Pack) of III./StG.2 the battleship Marat with a 1000 kg bomb, with the foredeck destroyed Marat aground in front of the harbor mole of Kronstadt. The 30.5 cm towers C and D, later also B, are made ready for use again. During a fall attack on the cruiser lying in the harbor Kirov will the Ju87 des Kdr. III./StG.2 (Hptm. Steen) hit by the flak and crashed into the water next to the ship, which was damaged by the detonation. In the area of the sea canal, the OktyabrskayaRevolutsiya numerous attacks, but is hit by 6 medium bombs. The destroyer Steregushchi capsized after a direct hit (later lifted), the destroyer Gordy,Grozyashchi,Silny, the submarine mothership Smolny and submarine Shch-306 will be damaged. On 9/23 become the cruiser in Leningrad Maksim Gorky, before Kronstadt Kirov and Grozyashchi Damaged again, the submarines P-2 and M-74 are destroyed in the shipyard, in the port flotilla commander capsizes after being hit Minsk (later lifted). Guard ship typhoon will destroy the submarine Shch-302, Shch-322 and Shch-318 damaged.
The Italian submarine sunk off the coast of Palestine Ascianghi (Kptlt. di Derio) the pol. Antar (389 GRT), the submarine Fisalia (KKpt. Acunto) will be on September 28th. before Haifa by the British corvette Hyacinth sunk. — The Italian submarines operate north of Cyrenaica Malachite and Tricheco.
Central Atlantic / radio reconnaissance
Several submarines march together in a rake to an enterprise in the South Atlantic. Sighted by them U107 (KKpt. Hessler) the Convoy SL.87 with 11 ships, secured by the sloops Bideford, Lulworth, Gorleston, Corvette Gardenia and the free-franz. Aviso CommandantDuboc. Come in the evening U68 (KKpt. Merten) and sank the British after a failed attack. Silverbelle (5302 GRT). U107 2 attempts fail. On 9/22 comes as well U103 (Kptlt. Winter) approached after a missed shot by U68 on an escort at night the brit. Niceto di Larrinaga (5591 GRT) and Edward Blyden (5003 GRT) sunk. U68 misses a splintered tanker. The convoy splits into two groups. Sunk from one U67 (Kptlt. Müller-Stöckheim) on September 23rd the brit. St. Clair II (3753 GRT), sunk from the other U107 on 9/24 in the morning the brit. John Holt (4975 GRT), Lafian (4876 GRT) and Dixcove (3790 GRT). Overall success: 7 merchant ships with 33,290 GRT are sunk using 4 boats.
Operate after this operation is complete U103, U107, U66 and U125 in the area west of Freetown, U108 on the line between Cape Verde and St. Paul, U68 between Ascension and St. Helena. U111 (Kptlt. Kleinschmidt), the supplies in the Tarafal Bay (Cape Verde) U67 and U68 should give up, will be on 27./28. 9. by the British submarine Clyde surprised, but the fired torpedoes detonate prematurely. The radio communication for the supply meeting was deciphered in good time and the Clyde detached to disrupt the company. This process leads to the submarine radio traffic from 5.10. is separated from the rest of the radio traffic.
U67 and U111 march back, doing it U 111 on October 4th in a battle with the British anti-submarine trawler near Madeira ladyShirley (LtCdr. Calloway) and is lost. Of the remaining submarines only sunk U66 (KKpt. Zapp) the panam. Tanker I.C. White (7052 GRT), on October 16. to step U103, U107, U66 and U125 again in a rake at a slow march back, but without finding further targets.
During an attack by the Finnish S-boat gang Vinha and Syoksy towards the port of Suursaari the latter (ObBtsm. Ovaskainen) sinks the incoming minesweeper T-41 / Sergey Kirov (400 t).
Construction of the mine barriers M.6 and M.6A to the south-east of Malta by the Italian 12th Destroyer Flotilla (Kpt.z.S. Melodia) with the destroyers Corazzate, Ascari, Carabiniere, Launch, secured by destroyers Aviere and CamiciaNera. On 9/23 missed Thrasher (LtCdr. Cowell) a group of three destroyers (presumably participants in the mining company).
The British cruiser London brings a British-American Delegation with Lord Beaverbrook and Averell Harriman from Scapa Flow to Arkhangelsk for a meeting with the Soviet government in Moscow. On the way to Arkhangelsk the British destroyers Active and Electra from the Soviet destroyers Gremyashchi and Gromki, and the London from the destroyer Sokrushitelny accompanied.
When Soviet torpedo cutters attack a convoy, the German outpost boat V 308 / Oscar Neynaber by a torpedo of the Soviet speedboat TKA-12 sunk in front of Porkkala. Then will TKA-12 destroyed by the other security vehicles (see note).
Auxiliary cruiser Ship 41 / cormorant (FKpt. Detmers) sinks the Greek freighter west of the Maldives Stamatios G. Embiricos (3941 GRT).
12. German "Baltenflotte", a torpedo boat ahead, behind it Admiral Scheer.
Relocation of the "Baltic Fleet" (VAdm.Ciliax) to the Aaland Sea to prevent a possible breakout of the Soviet fleet into the Baltic Sea. Northern group: battleship Tirpitz (Kpt.z.S. Topp), cruiser admiralScheer (Kpt.z.S. Meendsen-Bohlken), Nuremberg (Kpt.z.S. v. Studnitz), Cologne (Kpt.z.S. Hüffmeier), destroyer Z 25, Z 26, Z 27 and torpedo boats T2, T5, T7, T8, T 11 and some S-boats in the Aalandsee. South group: cruisers Leipzig (Kpt.z.S. stickleback), Emden (Kpt.z.S. Mirow) and S-Boats in Libau. 23.9.: Leaving Swinoujscie. 24.9.: After the heavy attacks on the Soviet warships (see 21.-24.9.) Recall of Tirpitz and admiralScheer with 2 T-boats, 3 T-boats come to the south group. 29.9.: The remaining units march back to Gotenhafen.
Against the expected intrusion of these ships into the Finnish bosom, the command of the "Baltflot" placed the submarines in the western part of the Finnish bosom S-4,Shch-303, Shch-309, Shch-311, M-95, M-98 and Lembite on. L-3 remains in the area west of Suursaari. The mine ship lays in the eastern part of the Finnish bosom near Suursaari Marti on 9/24 a lock to secure the Kronstadt Bay.
Submarines accompany outgoing blockade breakers through the Bay of Biscay into the Atlantic. On 9/23 secures U 204 the Rio Grande (6062 GRT), which leaves for Japan, and will accompany you on September 27th / 28th U 79 and U 129 the supply ship Kota Pinang (7277 GRT), which runs into the South Atlantic. After the British heard about it through radio reconnaissance, the cruisers became Sheffield and Kenya sent out to disrupt traffic. While Rio Grande can escape (and will arrive safely in Osaka on February 6th) Kota Pinang on October 3rd western Cape Finisterre of Kenya sunk with artillery fire. U 129 cannot intervene, but saves 119 survivors and hands them over on 6.10. to a Spanish naval tug. U 204 (Kptlt. Kell) runs into the area in front of Gibraltar (where it will be sunk on October 19th), U 79 pushes into the Mediterranean, U 129 runs further into the South Atlantic.
Allied submarine operations off the Norwegian polar coast. The brit. Trident (Cdr. Sladen) missed the 23.9. the steamer in front of Rolvsöy Weser and on 9/30 the hospital ship Birka. On the night of September 28th becomes a convoy of underground fighters UJ1201 / Mob-FD 33 torpedoed. The stern can be towed in. (After repairs in Rostock back in service from April 29, 1944). The Soviet submarine Shch-401 operated before the Svaerholt for 4 weeks without success. D-3 (Kptlt. Konstantinov with the chief of the 2nd U-Boot-Div. Kpt. 2nd Rg. I.A. Kolyshkin on board) takes effect on 26th, 27th, 30th September, 1st and 11th October. Ships and convoys in front of the Tanafjord, but the torpedoes fail or detonate on rocks. The little submarines M-171, M-172, M-173, M-174, M-175, M-176 conduct 6-8 day patrols in the Varangerfjord area. On September 26th penetrates M-174 (Kptlt. N.E. Egorov), on October 2nd. M-171 (Kptlt. V.G. Starikov) in the Petsamofjord to Liinahamaari, but the torpedoes fired only damage the pier. In a similar attempt to penetrate the Bökfjord (Kirkenes), on 30.9. M-176 into a net and must turn back. On October 3rd and 8th to miss M-176 and M-175 Ships in the Varangerfjord. On September 25th meet the submarines from Belomorsk after being laid out of the Baltic Sea on the way across the White Sea Canal K-3, S-101 and S-102 in Molotovsk. Which are not yet front tires L-20 and L-22 initially stay in the White Sea.
13. Battleship Tirpitz with minesweepers in the Gulf of Finland
"Ultra" reports signs of an imminent breakout of the battleship Tirpitz from the Baltic Sea to the North Atlantic. The US "Atlantic Fleet" then dispatched the aircraft carrier Yorktownwho have favourited cruisers Brooklyn and Savannah and some destroyers from Bermuda to Argentia to reinforce the old battleships Arkansas and new York. On September 23rd, an association with the battleship Mississippi, the carrier Wasp, the cruiser Wichita and the destroyers Gwin, Meredith, Grayson and Monssen and the workshop ship Vulcan sent from Argentia to Hvalfjord, where on 28.9. arrives. There he strengthens the "White Patrol" in the Greenland Strait, consisting of the battleship New Mexico, the cruisers Vincennes and Quincy, the destroyers Moffet, McDougal, Sims, Hughes and Russell. But from 25.9. until 4.10. the rest of US Task Force TF.15 (see 4.-15.9.) with battleship Idaho, Cruiser Tuscaloosa, 9 destroyers and 9 transporters and tankers from Hvalfjord to Argentia. — Due to poor flight conditions, the porter will also be available on October 6th Wasp with the cruiser Vincennes and 4 new destroyers from Hvalfjord to Argentia, where he was on October 11th. arrives.
Air War Italy
The Italian tug sinks during a British bombing raid on Palermo Salvatore Primo, the German freighter Dysentery will be badly damaged. Salvatore Primo will be lifted and repaired later.
Operation Halberd: Supply convoy GM.2 from Gibraltar to Malta. Use of 9 transporters Breconshire, Clan Macdonald, Clan Ferguson, Ajax, Imperial Star, City of Lincoln, Rowallan Castle, Dunedin Star, City of Calcutta and under the strongest security:Coverage group I forms Force H (VAdm. Somerville) with battleship Nelson (Flagship), aircraft carrier ArkRoyal, Cruiser Hermione and the destroyers Cossack (4th Z-Flotilla), Zulu, Foresight, Forester, Laforey (19th Z-Flotilla) and Lightning. Tanker Brown Ranger will be with Corvette Fleur de Lys sent ahead to supply the destroyers.Cover group II (VAdm. Curteis) with the battleships PrinceofWales (Flagship) and Rodney, the cruisers Kenya (Rad. Burrough, 10th Cruiser Squadron), Edinburgh (18th cruiser flotilla), Sheffield, Euryalus and the destroyers Duncan (13th Z-Flotilla), Gurkha, legion, Lance, Lively, Oribi, Isaac Sweers (RNeN), Piorun (OPR), Garland (OPR), Fury, Farndale, Heythrop. On 9/24 running Nelson with 3 destroyers from Gibraltar to a (successful, cf. KTB Skl.) deception maneuver apparently to the west. During the operation, convoy MG.2 with 3 unsecured empty transporters is in motion Melbourne Star, Port Chalmers and City of Pretoria camouflaged as French Freighter from Malta back to Gibraltar.
26.9.: Ital. Air reconnaissance covers parts of the British units south of the Balearic Islands, submarines are set up Dandolo, Adua and Turchese north of Cape Ferrat, Axum, Serpente, Aradam, Diaspro north Cape Bougaroni and Squalo, Bandiera, Delfino north of Cape Ferrat as well Narvalo at Cape Bon. Several MAS boats cross at Pantelleria. In the evening the Italian fleet (Adm. Iachino) runs with the battleships Littorio, VittorioVeneto, the heavy cruisers Trento, Trieste, Gorizia, the light cruisers Duca degliAbruzzi,Attendolo and 14 destroyers to the sea area south-east of Sardinia in order to attack the British units, which were underestimated in their strength, in the area of their own air security. Further Italian units cannot go to sea due to lack of fuel.
27.9.: Neither side can get a clear picture of the situation from the reports from the reconnaissance aircraft. Ital. Missing torpedo planes Rodney and Laforey and torpedo the British battleship south of Sardinia Nelson, which can only run 12 knots with 3500 tons of water in the ship. Of around 30 torpedo bombers, 5 fell Fulmar- hunters the Ark Royal and 7 of the Bordflak, which also have 2 of their own Fulmar shoots down, victim. Admiral Curteis and Admiral Iachino cross at the same distance between Sardinia and Skerki-Bank and start the march back in the evening. The transporters continue to Malta with the 5 cruisers (see above) and 9 destroyers secured by Force X (RAdm. Burrough) and lose the in the evening at Cap Bone Imperial Star (12,427 GRT) by Italian torpedo planes. Heythrop takes the passengers on board; Oribi tries in vain to tow the ship, then picks up the crew and brings them Imperial Star by explosive charges and artillery fire to sink. On the night of September 28th can ital. MAS-Boats cannot find the convoy because it is heading to Malta just below the Sicilian coast.
28.9.: Transporter City of Pretoria from the return convoy MG.2 is unsuccessfully attacked by 3 torpedo bombers and a submarine. cruiser Hermione shoots at Pantelleria with no effect. At the 29.9. to grab Diaspro and Serpente, at the 30.9.Adua British units marching back off the Algerian coast arrived unsuccessfully. It will Adua (Kptlt. Riccardi) by the British destroyers Gurkha and legion sunk.
From the allied submarines Utmost, Upright, Urge, Sokol (Polish), Trusty and Upholder, who were set up north of Sicily to cover the operation against heavy Italian naval forces, just come Utmost to an unsuccessful attack on 3 cruisers. The ones south of Messina Street Unbeaten and Ursula and the one in front of Cagliari O.21 (Dutch) do not see any ships.
On a mine barrier (S-boat- or Fugas-Mines from June?) In front of the entrance to Windau (= Ventspils) sink on September 26th. the underground tender Moselle (796 GRT), on September 27th. the transporter Leontes (338 GRT), on October 1st. a floating crane (ex-lett.), which is used for salvage work at the Moselle is used, and on 7.11. the freighter Frauenburg (ex-estn. Peet, 2111 GRT).
generalLocation / USA
"War Emergency Program": The first 14 are running at US shipyards Liberty- Ships from the pile. Another 312 merchant ships of this type with around 2,200,000 GRT have already been ordered.
Air raid by RAF Bomber Command on Stettin and Hamburg. It is repeated the following night.
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