What foods do the Uzbeks eat

PASCH global

Have you ever wondered how people are doing who live in poverty and die of hunger while we have enough to eat and some of us are even indulging in delicacies? The problem of supplying the population with food is very complex worldwide. This also includes the sustainability of products, which ensures the future-oriented development of every country. These problems also affect our homeland, Uzbekistan. According to Zuhra Akramova, a German teacher at the Academic Lyceum №3 in the Uzbek city of Fergana, the steadily growing population can make solving this problem even more difficult because it increases humanity's need for food. The second reason for this is that 20-40 percent of the manufactured grain and other agricultural products become inedible as a result of storage, transportation and realization. Droughts, floods, livestock epidemics and diseases, according to the teacher, are the factors that influence the state of agriculture not only in developing countries, but also in countries with developed economies.

This problem already existed in the times of the Soviet Union. Let us then look into the history of our country. For food, Uzbekistan was dependent on the government of the time. While Uzbekistan belonged to the former Soviet Union from 1925 to 1991, cotton fields were made from almost all fields, so that at the same time cotton sovereignty was triggered here. As a result, Uzbekistan then had to import flour, meat, dairy products and other necessary groceries as well as consumer goods and finished products from abroad.

“It used to be difficult to buy a pack of edibles for one or two people. People even queued to buy bread from the bakery. And now it's not a problem! ”- claims a housewife named Schachnosa Schokirova. - “At the moment there is also a mode of operation in which a busy man can order tasty dishes by mobile phone or via the Internet. As for frozen foods, most of them are lower calorie and low in fat in favor of the dieters and can be microwaved in five to six minutes. Fridges, freezers, cold stores that guarantee the sustainability of food are always available. But even back then, when today's unstoppable progress in technology did not yet exist, people at least knew the way out: they dug up the ground and put in large vessels in which, in addition to the liquid, other foods (e.g. meat) could be kept for a long time left fresh. There was almost never any waste of food back then, because leftovers were and are still used as fodder. When shopping, religion also plays a crucial role, as the majority of Uzbeks profess Islam. When shopping for products, it is therefore very important that the food has to be "light". The term “helal” means the purity of food. It is both the ban on pork and the consumption of alcoholic beverages; in general the products that are multiplied according to religious laws. "

The Uzbeks buy their food in so-called "bazaars". Undoubtedly, it is worth paying a visit there. Everywhere we meet the product dealers and farmers who mostly sell organic products and natural foods grown in their own gardens and greenhouses. There are also exotic products that can be grown in Uzbekistan, but most of them are imported from abroad, for example bananas, citrus fruits, etc. But the special thing that attracts our attention is the dried fruit, which is Uzbek Has already enjoyed the sun. "It is not only healthy, but also sustainable, long-lasting and tasty!" - says a fruit dealer.

Very busy women who barely have time to cook mostly use frozen, pre-packaged or ready-to-eat meals. As the scientists claim, two out of ten adults eat their evening meal individually. These are especially singles who live alone. It is well known that the food will not taste good if no one is sitting across from you! Because of this, most single adults choose foods that do not require any time to spend, rather than worrying about their nutritional value and their own health. Since the number of solitary people is increasing, the grocery stores and industries facilitate the possibility of high-quality nutrition.

Tibetan lamas once said: "The gate of all diseases is the mouth". We choose food with the desire to have a certain weight and do not think about whether it is healthy. We mostly prefer the exotic dishes and the products that we can cook quickly. Some people have a vegetarian diet and others even vegan ... According to reports from a general practitioner, the norm of human nutrition should be no less than 2,400-2,500 kilocalories per day. As she also shows, some scientists are of the opinion that this number should amount to 2700-2800 kilocalories. In addition, this measured value can change in connection with age, gender, occupation, occupation, and social climatic conditions of people. If people's daily food is less than 1,800 kilocalories, then it is considered a "non-wholesome" diet. And famine occurs when this norm decreases from 1,400 kilocalories.

As Hippocrates said: “If the father is unknown to the disease, then your mother is always the food!” According to the international health system, 35 percent of the world's population was well fed, 15 percent received the necessary calories, but the diet was high in protein However not. 30 percent have remained hungry or have consistently inadequately fed themselves. The number of people suffering from starvation is 580-650 million worldwide. 13-18 million people die each year around the world, and three quarters of them are children.

In our home country, measures for healthy full nutrition of the population are carried out continuously. Sustainability and healthy eating are the issues that concern each and every one of us. We must draw a lesson from this and attach great importance to our agriculture, future quality of life, sustainability of products that determine the well-being of our country and that certainly depends on all of us.

With her text, Gulasal took 6th place in the writing competition “Eating is life”. The winner can look forward to a book of her choice. As part of the competition, schoolchildren wrote journalistic articles for PASCH-Global and highlighted the topic of “sustainability in nutrition” in relation to their home countries.