What is considered an active lifestyle

Exercise Recommendations

Active lifestyle in times of the coronavirus

In addition to wearing a face mask and maintaining social distance, you should also be aware of an active lifestyle. Although this does not protect against infection with the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), it does help in the event of an infection to survive it better.

An active lifestyle has a positive effect on our health. Especially at times when the risk of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 is high, you should be physically active in addition to all preventive measures. The risk of infection cannot be minimized, but the body can handle it better in the event of an infection. Because: Physical activity (e.g. moderate endurance units) strengthens the immune system.

People with chronic previous illnesses such as diabetes or CHD (coronary heart disease) are particularly at risk from an infection, as the cardiovascular system is already pre-stressed. Physical activity has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and keeps it efficient: "People with good cardiopulmonary fitness thus have an advantage that is in a certain way independent of age." write Bloch et al. (2020). However, due to the decrease in muscle function and the increase in cardiac rigidity, age is a "central risk factor for the poor prognosis of COVID-19 patients". Physical fitness plays a major role when it comes to an infectious disease, as it can then be survived better. There are positive connections here with muscle mass and the functionality of organ systems.

Bloch et al. (2020) give the following recommendations for physical training:

  • Daily breathing exercises (with deep inhalation and exhalation) to ventilate the lungs
  • Daily endurance, strength and coordination exercises at home adapted to your own performance level (e.g. elderly or patients)
  • Daily physical activities with moderate intensity (e.g. Nordic walking)
  • If symptoms of the disease are present, no additional physical activity
  • Observe regeneration times so that the immune system can "recover" - those who have been trained should stick to the training program
  • Avoiding exercise in rooms (except in your own fitness room)
  • Avoid touching park benches etc. when exercising outdoors
  • Make sure that there is a distance of several meters between those doing sports
  • Wash or disinfect hands regularly and wear a face mask if necessary

Here you get to the entire article "Sport in times of Corona" by Bloch et al. (2020), published in the German magazine for sports medicine.