Who are famous people with reading habits

Literature rooms, school books [test edition]

96 Enlightenment (1720–1770) The literature review Writing as a service to the Enlightenment Poetry is teaching The literature of the time sees its task in conveying enlightenment ideas. The poet and professor of poetry Johann Christoph Gottsched (1700–66) expressed this particularly clearly in his work “An attempt at critical poetry before the Germans” (1730). Poetry should instruct people spiritually and morally in a pleasant and understandable way: the poet chooses a moral doctrine that he wants to impress on his audience in a sensual way. To this end, he invents a general fable [= motif, material]. Next he looks in history for such famous people who have encountered something similar. […] The whole fable has only one main intention: namely a moral [doctrinal] sentence. The role of the magazines The magazines contributed to the dissemination of the enlightenment ideas, in particular the “Moralische Wochen schriften”, which addressed the affluent middle class. On mostly eight pages, they dealt with topics of everyday life in the form of short stories, dialogues and discussions: household, upbringing, education of women, behavior, tobacco smoking, card games, drinking coffee. The editions of the weekly papers were mostly less than 1,000 copies. They often failed after a few years for financial reasons, as did the weekly “Letters Concerning the Latest Literature”, for which Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729–81) was in charge and which were primarily devoted to literary criticism. But the literary importance of magazines does not only lie in promoting reading. They also form an important platform for women who write in the Enlightenment, even if they complain about the dominance and control of men who write. For example, Christina Maria na von Ziegler (1695–1760), who was highly regarded as a novelist at the time, regrets: “I am certain that, as long as women have mixed up with the fashion of publishing books, almost not a single one Scripture came to light from them that would not have been looked through beforehand by a man skilled in writing. ”Another important author of the time who criticized Luise Adelgunde Victorie Gottsched (1713–62), who was particularly important as a dramatist the double burden for women who write: “Here I have to fill my head every day with real trifles, with household and economic worries, which from childhood on I have considered the most miserable occupations of a thinking being.” Not changed reading habits only the magazine, the book too, is in the service of enlightenment. Reading behavior changed significantly in the second half of the 18th century. Reading habits are no longer determined by intensive reading of a few books or even just one book, as is usually the case with the Bible, religious edification writings or calendars, but extensive reading. You read less carefully, but more. The publishing cities of Frankfurt am Main and Leipzig, which are still important today, also developed in the 18th century. Lending libraries and reading societies made it easier to access the books. The latter were private groups that bought and passed on new publications together. The private nature of reading often made these reading circles suspect in the eyes of the absolutist rulers. High membership fees, however, restricted membership of the reading societies to the nobility and the upper class. The middle classes, especially students, used the lending libraries. The position and number of writers will also change as a result of the new reading habits. The “free” writer, who is dependent on the market and the publisher, is added to the part-time scholar or civil servant who usually depends on noble patrons. Women read differently than men At that time, the gender-specific differences in reading emerged, which reading researchers still find today - also in school. Men read (read) more magazines, Zei 2 4 6 Overview Foundation Reading room Graduation room Summary Literature overview Boundless focus - For testing purposes only - Property of the publisher Öbv

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