How did Chamarajanagar get its name
The Chamarajanagar District (Kannada: ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ; also: Chamarajanagara, Chamrajnagar) is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The administrative center is the eponymous city of Chamarajanagar.
The district of Chamarajanagar is the southernmost district of Karnataka and lies on the border with the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Neighboring districts are Mysuru, Mandya and Ramanagara (all Karnataka state) in the north, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Erode and Nilgiris (all Tamil Nadu) in the east and south and Wayanad (Kerala) in the west.
The Chamarajanagar District covers an area of 5,105 square kilometers at the foot of the Nilgiri Mountains in the southernmost part of the Deccan Plateau. The mountain ranges of the Biligirirangan Mountains (BR Hills) and the Malai Mahadeshwara Mountains (MM Hills) that reach heights of up to 1,800 meters. The district area is quite densely forested. The Bandipur National Park belongs to the Chamarajanagar district. In the northeast, the Kaveri River forms the border of the district. The Shivanasamudra and Hogenakal Falls are located on this section of the Kaveri.
The district of Chamarajanagar is divided into the four taluks Chamarajanagar, Gundlupet, Kollegal and Yelandur.
Before Indian independence, the western part of today's Chamarajanagar district belonged to the princely state of Mysore, the eastern part around the city of Kollegal was part of the Coimbatore district of the British province of Madras. In 1949, the previously nominally independent state of Mysore joined the Indian Union. When in 1956 the borders of the Indian states were broken by the States Reorganization Act were rearranged according to linguistic criteria, the entire area of today's district came to the state of Mysore, which was formed according to the language borders of Kannada and renamed Karnataka in 1973. In 1997, the Chamarajanagar district was dissolved as an independent district from the Mysore district.
According to the 2011 census, the Chamarajanagar district has 1,020,962 inhabitants. This makes it the third smallest district of Karnataka in terms of population. Population growth is low: Compared to the last census in 2001, the population only grew by 5.8 percent and thus much more slowly than the state average (15.7 percent). The population density of 200 inhabitants per square kilometer is well below the average in Karnataka (319 inhabitants per square kilometer). At 61.1 percent, the literacy rate is one of the lowest of all Karnataka districts and is well below the state average (76.1 percent).
According to the 2001 census, Hindus make up a large majority of 89.4 percent of the district's residents. Muslims (4.1 percent), Buddhists (3.5 percent) and Christians (2.2 percent) are smaller minorities. Most of the Buddhists are descendants of Tibetan refugees who were settled here in the 1950s and 1960s. The census classifies 11.0 percent of the district's population as members of the tribal population (Adivasi).
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