What is recoil in a gun

Reduce recoil

If a weapon kicks too hard when firing, it will result in missed shots. The fun of shooting is quickly gone with a "kicking horse". But there are ways to reduce the setback.

Markus Lück
The buck slowly pulls into the open space. That fits! The reticle stands just behind the sheet as if it had been sucked into place. The finger on the trigger of the 2.7 kilogram bolt action
in caliber 8 x 68S bends - bang. A tremendous jolt shakes the body, which is only clad in a thin T-shirt. The shoulder hurts and sweat flows freely. But not with the buck, because the ball passed! The shooter is "hit". A semicircular laceration gapes over the hunter's eye. That evening, the shooter goes home as a tailor with sweaty “magnum glasses”: Damn it
Recoil! ”The recoil is as inseparable as the key to the lock. The physical principle actio = reactio is responsible for this. The projectile
and the propellant gases generate an impulse during the shot that is in the direction of
Muzzle goes (actio). At the same time, a counter-impulse occurs, which acts in the opposite direction as the impulse - the recoil (reactio). In the best case scenario, shoots
a weapon as soft as butter, in the worst case it kicks like a horse. Bad hits or the lack of a target are the result. If the shooter is afraid of every shot and is literally waiting for the bad blow from the front, a clean shot is impossible - fear of gunshots spreads. Whether a weapon shoots comfortably or not depends on various components. If the hunter observes a few things when buying weapons, he can significantly influence this. But even with an existing weapon there is a remedy if it wedges too much. One of the first things that should be checked if a weapon shoots itself uncomfortably is a correct stop and is inextricably linked with it
the shaft of the weapon. This should enable the shooter to maintain a relaxed shooting position. The contact surface of the already narrow shaft on the shoulder should be as large as possible. The larger the contact surface, the more pleasant the shot.

It all depends on the area
A good comparison is the effect of a women's shoe with a stiletto heel compared to a shoe with a wide sole. While a “normal” shoe does not damage the parquet flooring, a stiletto heel puts the weight of the body on a very small area - the result is memorable pressure points. To make shooting more comfortable
Another option is to use a soft butt plate. By deforming during the shot, it absorbs part of the recoil, which then no longer presses on the shoulder. Shoulder pads that are housed in clothing also work in the same way. If the shaft rests on such a support, the recoil force is transmitted to the pad. This deforms and makes shooting like the butt plate more comfortable. If you don't want to use upholstery right away, you can also opt for thicker clothing - a wool sweater pays off. Got a gun that too
kicks hard, the installation of a kickstop is another way to tame the beating. Kickstops are metal tubes filled with lead balls or tungsten granulate, which are installed in both the rear and fore-end. On the one hand, they cause the weight of the weapon to be increased. That has a decisive influence on the
Recoil Because the higher the weight of the gun, the more pleasant it is to shoot with it.

Short runs like to wedge
Therefore, contrary to the trend, every new gun buyer is advised against buying a gun with a short barrel. Stub barrels increase the maneuverability of a weapon, but they reduce weight and thus increase recoil. Besides, it comes with
Unsuitable choice of caliber from short barrels also leads to precision problems. The second mode of action of a kickstop lies in the mobility of the metal filling. Due to the inertia, the balls or granules move within the recoil
the gun is delayed. This also reduces the kickback. The principle is comparable to the movement of a liquid that is in the tank of a vehicle. If it slows down suddenly, the liquid moves with a delay. Another way to make shooting more comfortable is to add a muzzle brake. According to the manufacturer, the perforated metal tubes on the muzzle reduce recoil by up to 50 percent. The market offers both permanently installed and unscrewable or lockable models. But they all have one thing in common: the principle of action.
It is braked by diverting the powder gases at the barrel muzzle. Holes or in
some muzzle brake slots guide the moving towards the muzzle
Gas at least at right angles to the barrel. To further increase the braking effect, the powder gases must be directed towards the shooter. The flatter the diversion angle to the rear, the stronger the brake is. The working principle of a muzzle brake is comparable to the effect when you let go of an air-filled balloon at the opening. The compressed gas escapes and the balloon flies through space. The rocket effect causes the balloon to "push itself off" through the escaping air. The rocket effect works in the same way with a muzzle brake. The gases and thus the weapon are pushed “forward”. Another thing the muzzle brakes have in common: if they are used, hearing protection is mandatory! The rerouting of the powder gases increases the sound of the gunshot considerably. Not only the shooter himself, but also people in the immediate vicinity such as hunting guides or companions are at risk.
It sometimes happens that hunting guides abroad prohibit the use of a muzzle brake. But watch out: Small parts can be released through the gas diversion
like stones or branches are thrown up and catapulted at high speed in the direction of the shooter. We recommend wearing protective goggles. The most important means of reducing recoil is the choice of caliber and bullet. What use is a strong caliber to the hunter if he doesn't need it or doesn't hit it because he's mucking? Calibers such as 7 x 57 or .308 Winchester are sufficient for all game species occurring in Germany
and should be able to be mastered by every hunter. Less is clearly more here! The choice of bullet also influences the recoil. With the same muzzle energy, the recoil is lower with a light bullet than with a heavy load. If not absolutely necessary, the hunter should use lighter projectiles,
that makes shooting more pleasant! Regardless of whether it's a big, strong pill or a small, fast runabout, the selected caliber must match the hunting requirements. If the weapon still kicks too hard, you can tame it with the methods described,
to keep the fun of hunting.

Editor's note: Since silencers are now approved in some federal states, these are also an effective means of reducing recoil.

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