Who is Steve Jobs' son

Steven Paul Jobs

Apple History - Biographies

CEO Apple & Pixar

Written in March 2007

If you ask someone about the most influential personality in the IT industry, despite the difficulty of the question, one name inevitably comes up: the name of Apple founder Steven Paul Jobs. He embodies the mentality and the clichés of the Silicon Valley like no other. Just 25 years after his birth as a foundling, Steven Jobs is not only a multimillionaire, but also one of the most colorful personalities in the fledgling computer industry.

His visionary charisma, his cordial and tyrannical leadership style, his incomparable charisma, as well as his ambition and self-confidence characterize his career and give him a unique place in American corporate history.

Childhood and family

Steven Jobs was born on February 24, 1955 in Green Bay, Wisconsin, to the 23-year-old American Joanne Schieble and the equally old Syrian political scientist Abdulfattah Jandali. His unmarried parents had kept the pregnancy a secret. Since they were both still studying, they were unable to care for their child. Fearing the social pressures of the 1950s, the young couple traveled to California and put the child up for adoption in San Francisco. So it happened that Steven Jobs was adopted as a baby by Paul Jobs and his wife Clara. Two years later the family adopted another child, a girl named Patty. Steve only found out about his biological parents around 30 years later, as did his sister, the writer Mona Simpson. During his childhood, Steve lived in Mountain View, a small Californian town in the middle of Silicon Valley. Jobs was considered a difficult child, his parents described him as a loner who struggled to find his place in society.

His solitary nature was also evident in school. Steve didn't do the things his classmates spent their free time doing. Because of his intelligence, he was allowed to skip a class, which made him even more lonely. At the same time he was proud of himself, he felt superior to his classmates. He quickly got the reputation of a know-it-all, a stubborn and unruly child.

The older Steve got, the more he became interested in electronics. The technological achievements of that time fascinated him. As a 12-year-old he was already an enthusiastic electronics tinkerer. For passionate hobbyists and tinkerers, Silicon Valley was a paradise in those days. During this time there was also an encounter that had a lasting impact on the young Steve. Jobs first met Stephen Wozniak, the neighbor of a classmate. Wozniak, who was 17 years old at the time, was already considered a great electronic talent.

A few years later, Jobs and Wozniak met again. Woz had just built his first own computer, a simple 8-bit device. Steven Jobs was deeply impressed with that device and began to befriend Woz.

School, college and india

After Jobs attended Homestead High School in Los Altos, he went to Oregon, Portland, to the Reed Collage to study. But after just one semester, he broke off his studies to go on a trip to India with Daniel Kottke, whom he met at the collage. At the time, Jobs was involved in the flower power movement, and his interest in Far Eastern cultures drew him to India. He hoped for spiritual enlightenment that would prepare him for his future life. Steve wanted to find out who he was, he wanted to be able to understand the universe. With the help of Eastern mysticism, he wanted to expand his spiritual awareness. Jobs and Kottke were already experimenting with diets, drugs, and food and sleep deprivation during their collage.

Apple

When Steven Jobs returned to California in 1974, he started working for the game developer Atari and developed the game Breakout with Stephen Wozniak. Breakout was the sequel to Ataris Pong, the very first video game. At the same time, Woz began developing a new computer, which he demonstrated to Jobs in 1976. The computer had a keyboard and a television connection. It could be programmed with BASIC and was very powerful compared to other computers of the time. Jobs was enthusiastic and suggested starting his own company to sell the computer.

On April 1, 1976, the two founded the computer company Apple to sell the Apple I baptized computer. Even then, the unusual division of labor between the two crystallized. The gifted inventor Wozniak worked on the further development of his computer, while Jobs took care of the marketing. Together they managed to get the computer revolution rolling. Apple led a booming industry, and media darling Jobs became a symbol of the American Dream. Apple was constantly on the up, in 1980 Apple already dared to go public. Three years later, Jobs succeeded in poaching John Sculley, a seasoned manager, from Pepsi to fill the position of CEO at Apple.

NeXT

But the friendship between Jobs and Sculley was short-lived. After a failed plot against Sculley, Jobs resigned from Apple in September 1985. Steven Jobs decided to start over with six other former Apple employees and founded NeXT. Hoping to repeat Apple's successes, he did everything he could to develop a computer that was more powerful than any Apple computer available at the time. Although NeXT didn't have a single product to show for years, it was one of the best known and most attractive companies in the computer industry. Jobs was considered a marketing genius, someone who knew how to build a company. Expectations were correspondingly high when NeXT presented its first computer in 1988. The press reactions to the first NeXT computer were positive, NeXT quickly became known for its innovative and high-performance products.

Nevertheless, there were no successes, the sales figures fell far short of expectations. In 1993, NeXT had to lay off more than half of its employees. Although it was obvious that NeXT would never become a second Apple, the products were developed and continuously improved. Jobs re-focused on the object-oriented operating system NeXTStep and the Internet development tool WebObjects.

Pixar

While Steven Jobs as the founder of Apple and NeXT was never a stranger outside of the industry, it was almost forgotten that Jobs founded another company besides Apple and NeXT: Pixar. Pixar first attracted attention in 1995, when media giant Walt Disney released Toy Story, the world's first computer-animated feature film. Toy Story was a huge hit, grossing hundreds of millions of dollars. As the producer of Toy Story, the animation studio Pixar was considered the father of success. Although Pixar only made a splash with Toy Story, the company's roots stretched back nearly ten years, to the time when Steven Jobs had to leave Apple.
It was then that a new life began for Jobs. He had concluded with Apple, and NeXT was already being set up. Jobs traveled the world a lot, he needed time to think. He was collecting visions, he was not yet sure what would become of NeXT one day. One day his eyes fell on the LucasFilm computer division. Jobs quickly decided to buy this division for ten million dollars and turn it into a stand-alone company called Pixar.
Steven Jobs remained Pixar's CEO for twenty years, despite having no control over its operations. Over the years, Jobs put over $ 50 million in Pixar - more money than he ever invested in NeXT. In the first few years, business was slow, Pixar dealt with the production of 3D graphics and the development of the necessary software. Although Pixar was able to hint at the potential of their technology several times with original short films and also win some prizes, they didn't really make a breakthrough as a film studio with them. But then, in 1991, Disney knocked on the door and asked Pixar to produce a computer-animated feature film - the rest is history.
After the success with Toy Story, Pixar went public and became a billion dollar company. As a result, Pixar made a name for itself through films like N Finding Nemo ’or The Incredibles’.
Although Steven Jobs never dealt with Pixar's day-to-day business, he laid the foundation for all of the successes. In 2006, Pixar was bought by Disney, after there had been several speculations in previous years about whether Pixar might simply swallow its distribution partner Disney Corporations. Disney puts 7.4 billion dollars on the table for Pixar. For every Pixar share, 2.3 Disney shares change hands, and Steven Jobs becomes Disney's largest single shareholder. Although he did the business of his life with Pixar, the animation studio was never the focus in Jobs ’life, and Jobs always felt more emotionally connected to NeXT.

Return to Apple

When it became apparent in the mid-1990s that NeXT had failed, Steven Jobs began looking for prospects for his troubled company. NeXTStep was considered to be a very advanced system, but the war over personal computers had long been decided and Windows had established itself as the leading operating system. What was already becoming apparent was publicly announced at the end of 1996: Apple bought NeXT for the far too high price of 400 million dollars in order to develop the Macintosh system of the future on the basis of NeXTStep. Jobs had thus returned after eleven years to the company he had founded 20 years earlier.

When Apple CEO Gil Amelio asked Steven Jobs to take the stage during his opening keynote at Macworld Expo in January 1997, he was greeted euphorically by the audience. It quickly became clear that Jobs would take the helm at Apple himself in order to bring the troubled company back into profitability. In the course of 1997, Amelio had to resign from his position as CEO. In his place, Jobs was elected interim CEO and ultimately CEO in 2000.

Since returning to Apple, Steve Jobs has been responsible for many developments that have made a decisive impact on the computer industry. With the iMac, the iBook, the blue and white G3 Power Mac as well as the Power Mac G5 and the iPod, but also with technologies such as USB, AirPort, FireWire, and with innovative software products such as the Mac OS X based on NeXTStep Operating system, iLife and the iTunes Music Store, Apple once again became one of the leading computer manufacturers.

In June 2005, Steven Jobs gave a speech at a graduation ceremony at Stanford University. He announced the following message to his audience:

Less than a year earlier, on the first weekend in August 2004, Steven Jobs had to undergo cancer surgery. The day after the operation, Apple's employees received the following email:

The public was suddenly made aware of the importance of Steven Jobs. Apple couldn't exist without Steve. Silicon Valley couldn't exist without Steve. Jobs has been the only constant in the 30-year history of Silicon Valley. Even though technology has constantly changed and improved, Steven Jobs has remained the same person.
He is still known today for his spectacular keynotes, and he still takes the stage today dressed in faded jeans and a turtleneck sweater. His priorities and personality traits have not changed either. His co-workers describe him as impatient, stubborn, conceited, high-handed and eccentric. But paired with his ambition, his willpower and the charisma that he displays, the result is a character image whose spell hardly anyone can escape. Steve is always right and Steve always gets what he wants. Two qualities that are invaluable in the business world.

Steven Jobs still lives today with his wife Laurene, whom he married in 1991, and their three children in Silicon Valley. Steve also gets along very well with Lisa, who gave birth to his high school girlfriend in 1978 and who later served as the namesake for the Apple Lisa, after initially not accepting her as his daughter. Steven Jobs is instrumental in the success of Apple and Pixar. For his achievements, Jobs and Stephen Wozniak received the National Medal for Technology from the American President Ronald Reagan in 1985.

Steven Paul Jobs succumbed to cancer on October 5, 2011.
An update of this biography from 2005 is in progress.

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