What language does Baka come from

What does "Baka" mean in German? Translation in German, meaning, explanation, definition


The term baka comes from Japanese and is usually used there as a swear word for a thing or a person. The most common translations are "stupid" and "idiot". The term is often used for ridiculous things, little stupid things or funny incidents. Depending on the context, baka can have many other meanings.

What does "Baka" mean in German? Translation in German, meaning, explanation, definition

The exact origin of Baka is not known. Mostly it is assumed that the word was taken from Sanskrit. Buddhist monks are said to have introduced the term to the Japanese language as well. On the other hand, it is probably wrong to assume that the word is borrowed from Chinese. This theory is based on the comparison of the spelling of Baka in the Japanese script Kanji with the Chinese proverb "spend a deer for a horse". This saying refers to a legend according to which a high-ranking chancellor showed a stag to the emperor and claimed to have caught a rare horse. This was to check who of those present was willing to disagree or agree. In fact, Baka is composed of the symbols for horse and deer, but the term has been used much longer than this special spelling is known.

Variants of use: Baka

The simple translation of Baka is "stupid". However, if it addresses a person and not their character trait, the correct translation is "idiot". In Japanese, however, Baka is often combined with other words in order to get a deeper meaning. So mean for example

  • Baka-yarō - bastard
  • Baka onna - stupid / stupid woman
  • Bakamono - fool
  • Bakageta nedan - absurd price
  • Baka shōjiki - too much honesty
  • Baka ni suru - fooling someone
  • Baka o miru - make a fool of yourself

But the combination with positive terms for weakening is also widespread. For example, Bakauke means that things are received surprisingly well. Nihongo-baka, on the other hand, is used, for example, to express enthusiasm for someone learning Japanese.

Historical usage of the term baka

During the Second World War, the word baka was a common curse word of the Allied forces. Specifically, Baka was used for the so-called Yokosuka MXY-7 glide bomb. This aircraft was used to launch suicide attacks on enemy facilities. In a broader sense, the kamikaze pilots were also referred to as baka. The reason given for this choice of words is that only madmen and idiots can sit in such aircraft and carry out suicide attacks.

Usages of the term baka today

The many uses of the word baka have led to the term becoming more widespread outside of Japan. Mangas and anime series are partly responsible for this. The latter in particular are often viewed in the original language with subtitles. The term baka is often used conspicuously, mostly in connection with minor and major insults.

It is not surprising that Baka is also being used more and more frequently in English and German. Young people in particular, but also lovers of anime series and manga, have adopted the word baka in their linguistic usage. The meaning of the term remains unchanged. Baka still stands for stupidity, lack of intelligence and describes an idiot, sometimes also meant lovingly. A certain attraction for the use of the word “Baka” as an insult is certainly also the fact that the term is still not well known. Because this way small insults can be exchanged without them being recognized immediately. In this way the stupidity of the person is emphasized and it becomes clear that it is a baka.

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