What is an intrapersonal conflict
Intrapersonal Conflicts and Their Types. Examples and methods for resolving intrapersonal conflicts
Intrapersonal conflict is a contradiction in people's views and values about themselves and their life. This problem is developing rapidly now as [...]
Intrapersonal conflict is a contradiction in people's views and values about themselves and their life. This problem now develops rapidly when people make too many demands on themselves under certain circumstances. Intrapersonal conflicts are always characterized by strong emotions, as they influence our individual motives and thoughts. A conflict of this nature can mature and develop at some point over the years without affecting the individual in any way in order to fully exist. At some point, however, the dissatisfaction with oneself and one's own successes become too obvious. Then the intrapersonal conflict manifests in its entirety. How dangerous is it, what are its features and reasons for its formation? Let's try to find out!
Causes of Intrapersonal Conflicts
Like every conflict, this one has its reasons. These reasons usually affect a person's attitude towards their own personality. As we even unconsciously disapprove of some of our actions and even thoughts, we gradually learn to remain increasingly dissatisfied with ourselves.
In society numerous demands are made on a modern person. Sometimes the wrong impression is given that a successful person never gets tired and always does their job effectively. In fact, this is just an appearance, an image imposed by society that everyone unconditionally wants to follow. A personality cannot constantly exist at the limit of its capabilities. Gradually she teaches herself that she lives wrong, not like everyone else. Unjustified expectations are the main reason intrapersonal conflicts develop. A person has the feeling that he does not adhere to some norms, that he cannot influence the situation of oppression.
Disappointment in you
A common reason for developing intrapersonal conflict that makes you give up. It seems to a person that he is incapable of anything, but can only make various mistakes. Frustration with oneself can result from not doing meaningful activities. Problems at work worry you for a long time and make you feel less confident. When a project fails, thoughts of failure often come to mind. Disappointment in oneself contributes to the exacerbation of intrapersonal conflicts. People often drive themselves into terrible experiences precisely because they want to achieve great results, but in fact they are depriving themselves of moral strength.
Social norms and personal needs
These categories often come into serious conflict with one another. A conflict arises when a person, for one reason or another, feels unable to achieve their own desires. Many people find it necessary to obey the laws of society, even if these requirements run counter to their own ideas about life. For some, social norms are too important and too important to be ignored. In this case the personality is often lost, not claimed. When individual needs are not met, most simply give up and do not want to make the slightest attempt to change their lives.
This is a serious problem which in itself creates intrapersonal conflict. If for whatever reason a person cannot reach their potential, then this circumstance puts enormous pressure on them and makes them doubt themselves. Low self-esteem does not make success possible. Even if a person is talented enough, they will not find a resource for success. She has to be constantly in an inner struggle and prove her right to self-expression, and such a circumstance is morally stressful. Not appreciating yourself is a common cause of conflict formation.
Types of intrapersonal conflicts
Intrapersonal conflicts have different expressions. In any case, an attempt must be made to resolve the contradiction as quickly as possible.
It appears as a result of the fact that the values of a given individual are very different from what society sees. There are too many limitations on matters of morality and ethics that sometimes hinder a happy sense of self. A person often finds himself in a situation in which his wishes are not only not satisfied, but are also subject to general criticism. I have to say that not everyone is able to overcome such an obstacle. Many give up their desires just because they don't know how to properly fight for them.
Conflict of motivation
In this case, we are talking about the fact that interests that are equivalent to one person collide with each other. He cannot give up one thing for another without experiencing a tremendous sense of guilt or disappointment. You need strong motivation to act and really change your life.
Conflict of unfulfilled desires
This type of conflict is very common. In reality, the innermost desires of the individual always face certain obstacles. Even with support, it is not always possible to deal with them. When an individual lacks confidence, it will be difficult for them to follow the voice of their own heart. Often times, people postpone realizing their goals simply because they don't know how to resolve the conflict. By giving up our dreams, we condemn ourselves to an unhappy existence. The individual practically ceases to experience joy and only begins to live with everyday worries. The conflict of unfulfilled wishes puts too much pressure on the psyche. It can even interfere with building a happy life as it will constantly remind you of its existence.
The concept of frustration means that a person is giving up on something that is of great importance to them. A frustrating conflict emphasizes that the person is too fixated on possible failure and this prevents them from moving forward in life. We are used to giving up our own needs and cannot fully develop as we deprive ourselves of joy.
Resolving intrapersonal conflicts
Whatever the cause of the intrapersonal conflict, it is imperative that it be resolved. If this is not done in a timely manner, there is a great risk that a person will spend a lot of time in contradictions that will poison them all their life. This type of conflict does not allow you to enjoy life to the fullest, enjoy your own achievements and new discoveries. What is the right way to resolve a conflict? What steps should be taken in this case?
Make a decision
This is the very first step, without which all others would be impossible. A person must take responsibility for his own well-being. Nobody else can do it for him. For this reason, intrapersonal conflicts are too serious to ignore. You need to understand beforehand that making a firm decision will help put your thoughts in the right direction and free you from endless rush through life in search of a better life. There is no need to run away from yourself.
Living in harmony with oneself is the dream of every person who knows the true value of happiness. Whatever circumstances prevent you from enjoying life, you cannot give up. The resolution of an internal conflict cannot be done without the formation of such an understanding. It is necessary to become aware of your real wants and needs. This will help you break free from conflict by setting your own boundaries. Nothing beats the feeling of inner harmony.
Focus on the task at hand
Every person should have a purpose in life that inspires them to new achievements, really guides them forward and forces them to develop. Often times, the presence of an intrapersonal conflict hinders self-actualization in every possible way. The individual worries too much about the possible failure. In some cases, people stop acting altogether so as not to get frustrated. Of course, this approach in no way solves the problem, it only exacerbates it significantly. The ability to focus on the task at hand helps resolve intrapersonal conflicts. You need to clearly imagine the entire sequence of actions. Overcoming the difficulties that arise is necessary in order to strengthen the character, increase self-confidence and self-confidence.
Many people are afraid of making a mistake and become disappointed in their skills as a result. Don't keep hiding in doubt. Mistakes happen to everyone, but they don't destroy a strong personality, just show the trajectory of the desired movement. If you have been in a pronounced conflict with yourself for a long time, then all you need to do is get rid of the doubts first. Fears make the situation much more difficult: They disrupt actions and make responsible decisions. Freed from worries and doubts, you can reach incredible heights and get closer to your dream.
If you cannot cope with a contradiction, you need to try to understand the situation well. In some cases it may be necessary to replace the demand with something that cannot yet be met without significant losses. Using such a scheme, you can have peace of mind and at the same time find a solution to an intrapersonal conflict. The problem is that such a conflict cannot be ignored. Otherwise, he can imperceptibly subdue the personality and make him even more doubtful about the possibilities available.
Intrapersonal conflicts are therefore a problem that significantly affects the quality of life. Such a conflict, as a rule, always indicates what a person needs to pay attention to, what to work on. Paying attention to your own personality will help you break free from a painful state of mind. If an independent solution to the problem is not possible, this is necessary ask Irakli Pozharsky Center for Psychology for help. Working with a psychologist will help you regain your peace of mind and restore your lost strength. Individual consultations are necessary to understand the origins of the conflict. Only then can it be resolved.
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Conflict, and particularly intrapersonal conflict, is a complex phenomenon that is difficult to classify. The simplest typology comes from type of contradictionsunderlying such conflicts. In this case, intrapersonal conflicts can be divided into two groups. First, it is a conflict resulting from the transition of objective contradictions into a person's inner world. Second, these are conflicts that arise from the contradictions of the individual's inner world and reflect the individual's attitude towards the environment. The first case is about moral and adaptive conflicts, the second about motivational and conflicts with insufficient self-esteem.
There are other reasons to identify the types of intrapersonal conflicts. So in the one of prof. V. Ratnikov offers three types of intrapersonal (psychological) conflicts that have been investigated by foreign researchers M.-A. Robert and F. Tillman. The first type of intrapersonal conflict is conflict of needs... A person's needs can confront each other and cause him to take different actions. A person can desire contradicting things at the same time, and this disrupts action. This creates a conflict of needs. The second type of intrapersonal conflict - conflict between need and social norm... A strong need is confronted with a compulsory command (inquiry, order, advice). Regardless of the choice, the situation becomes contradictory. Examples of such intrapersonal conflicts were disclosed by Z. Freud. According to his concept, an intrapersonal conflict is a contradiction between the id and the superego, the first being the concentration of blind instincts (either sexual or aggressive) seeking immediate gratification and the second being moral norms, prohibitions and rewards, the be absorbed by the individual. And the third type of intrapersonal conflict in this classification is conflict of social norms... This type of conflict arises when a person experiences equal pressures from two opposing social norms.
Another classification of intrapersonal conflicts was proposed by the well-known Russian conflict researchers A. Antsupov and A. Shipilov, who used the language of the experience of a person in a difficult situation. This classification is based on the theory of the description of the human psyche developed by Z. Freud.
A. Shipilov identified three main structures of a person's inner world that can come into conflict: motives, values, and self-esteem. Motifsreflect a person's aspirations on different levels - these are needs, interests, desires, etc. Motives are expressed through the concept "want". valuesThey embody social norms and serve as yardsticks for what should be done. These are values that are accepted by a person and those that are not. However, because of their social or other importance, a person is forced to follow them. Such values are expressed through the concept "Got to". The third structure is Self-esteem - an individual's assessment of his abilities, qualities and his place among other people. Self-esteem is defined as self-worth for yourself. It is an expression of a person's level of aspiration. Self-esteem is expressed in terms "I can" or "I can not".
There are six main types of intrapersonal conflict, depending on which sides of a person's inner world are in internal conflict.
1. The conflict between "want" and "want" - conflict of motivation - Collision of motives, unconscious aspirations. This should include the concepts of Z. Freud, K. Horney, K. Levin.
2. The conflict between "want" and "need" - moral conflict - a clash of duty and desire, moral principles and personal inclinations, wishes and external demands, duty and doubt about the necessity to obey it. Moral conflicts are often referred to as moral or normative conflicts.
3. The conflict between "I want" and "I can" - conflict of unfulfilled desire or inferiority complex- a conflict between desires and reality that blocks their satisfaction, or inadequate physical abilities. This conflict is sometimes interpreted as a conflict between the position “I want to be like you” and the impossibility of making that wish come true. It can result from a person's physical inability to grant that wish.
4. The conflict between "must" and "must" - role conflictin which there are: intraroleas a different understanding of a person of himself and his role, and intermediate rolethan the inability to combine multiple roles from one person. The intensity of the role conflict is determined by the degree of compatibility / incompatibility of different expectations. the degree of rigidity with which these requirements are made; personal characteristics of the individual himself, his attitude to role expectations.
5. The conflict between "must" and "can" - adjustment conflict - Violation of the balance between man and the environment or violation of the process of social or professional adaptation. This conflict has two meanings. In the broadest sense, it is understood as a conflict that arises from the imbalance between the subject and the environment. In the narrower sense - as a conflict that arises when the process of social or professional adjustment is violated.
6. The conflict between "can" and "can" - conflict of insufficient self-esteem - a conflict between self-esteem, demands and real possibilities. There are options here: low or high self-esteem and low or high demands. The result can be increased anxiety, emotional stress, breakdowns, etc.
The outcome of long-term maintenance will be one of the above six types of intrapersonal conflict or their aggregates neurotic conflict... It is characterized by the highest tension and confrontation between the inner forces and motives of the individual.
Another type of intrapersonal conflict is sometimes distinguished in the conflictological literature - cognitive. At the center of this type of conflict are incompatible ideas (insights) of the individual. According to this conception of intrapersonal conflict, a person seeks consistency, coherence of his internal system of ideas, beliefs, values, etc. He begins to feel uncomfortable when these structures do not match. The theory of cognitive dissonance describes situations in which a person who exhibits this internal imbalance of the presence of two conflicting cognitions tries to leave them in order to restore their integrity. If, in considering the previous types of conflict, the main focus is on the decision-making process, then in this case the main focus is on what happens afterwards in the human psyche.
Coordination of ideasdone in different ways. This can be done by changing attitudes towards one of the discoveries - "revising" the past when today's thoughts alter memories. All arguments that were "for" after the position was accepted and that contributed to the decision are perceived as more significant and attractive than in the reflection phase. Another variant of the coordination is through changes in one of the findings. One of the findings is either removed or its importance for the intrapersonal structure diminishes. Reconciliation can be done by increasing the consonant components that aid perception compared to the dissonant components. The way of restructuring the self-concept is possible, i.e. revising the entire system and including both findings in a broader context. In addition, coordination can be done through the creation of safeguards that portray the current situation as a lack of choice or justify itself through the presence of uncontrolled internal conditions or through complete suppression of the action itself. In the first case, responsibility is shifted to someone else, the person presents himself as a tool, as a technical means to implement someone else's will. In the second case, it is possible to justify fatigue, drunkenness and severe emotional disturbance.
When a person lives in harmony with himself and the world around him, he can quite well be called a happy person. However, when inner doubts do not give rest and sometimes even torment the soul, we are already talking about an intrapersonal conflict. We suggest finding out which conflict is intrapersonal.
What is an intrapersonal conflict?
Experts in the field of psychiatry say that the concept of intrapersonal conflict means a conflict within a person's mental world that is a clash of opposing motives. Under such motives there are needs, interests, values, goals and ideals. In psychoanalysis, conflicts between needs and social foundations as well as between the needs of the person themselves are in the foreground.
Causes of Intrapersonal Conflicts
It is common to distinguish three main types of related causes:
- Intern - expressed in contradictions between different motives of a person, when there is no correspondence between the components of the internal structure.
- External- are determined by the position of the person in the group. Here an intrapersonal conflict arises from the impossibility of satisfying one's own needs.
- External, due to a person's position in society,- are associated with a concept such as intrapersonal contradictions that arise at the level of the social microsystem and result from the nature of the social system and economic life.
Functions of intrapersonal conflicts
The following intrapersonal constructive and destructive functions are called. The first specialists in the field of psychiatry included:
- Communicative (informative or connecting) - people get to know and understand each other better and gradually come closer.
- A stimulating and powerful function that can drive social change.
- The function of promoting the formation of the necessary balance in society.
- Ensuring the development of society by disclosing various interests.
- Help with re-evaluating old norms and values.
It is common to refer to the second functions:
- Dissatisfaction, decreased performance, bad.
- Communication system disruption.
- Loyalty to one's own group and lack of competition with others.
- The thought of the other as an enemy.
- Winning the conflict is more important than solving the problem.
- signs of intrapersonal conflict
Such a concept as an intrapersonal conflict has the following characteristics:
- All elements of the inner perception of personality interact.
- There are contradictions between interests, goals, emotions and desires.
- The appearance of negative reactions.
Types of intrapersonal conflicts
Psychologists call this type of human intrapersonal conflict:
- Motivating - represents the difference of opinion between wanting and security.
- moral - There is no docking of personal and moral attitudes.
- Adaptive - the complexity of addiction in the professional field and in society.
- Inadequate self-esteem - Disagreement between the assessment of one's own abilities and the demands of a person.
- Interrole - the inability to perform multiple roles at the same time.
- Personality role - inconsistency of their own roles due to the ability or presence of desire.
- Conflict of needs - between social bases and needs.
Opportunities for resolving intrapersonal conflicts
Experts talk about how intrapersonal conflicts can be resolved. Among the most effective options:
- Compromise - It is very important to realize everything in time and to solve intrapersonal problems.
- maintenance - Sometimes you have to "let go" of the situation and not even try to resolve it.
- Reorientation - Change your attitude towards the object.
- sublimation - Energy transfer in a socially significant channel.
- idealization - Fantasy, dreams, detachment from reality.
- displace - Influence on their own feelings, desires and efforts to suppress them.
- correction - an appropriate attitude towards yourself and your inner world.
URAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC INSTITUTE
ACADEMY FOR LABOR AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
Department of Social Disciplines
Subject: Types of intrapersonal conflicts.
INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………………… .3
Types of intrapersonal conflicts ……………………………………… 3
Classification based on the value-motivating sphere of the individual ... 4
Other types of intrapersonal conflicts ……………………… ..6
Reasons for intrapersonal conflicts ……………………………… 7
Methods and conditions to prevent intrapersonal conflicts …………………………………………………………………… ... 11
CONCLUSION ……………………………………………………………… 15
References …………………………………………………………… .16
The personality is the ultimate subject (opponent) of the conflict. In this capacity it forms one of its sides. Apart from that, every person is an independent conflict generator in which he develops. In other words, the personality constantly produces and reproduces conflicts within itself - the intrapersonal conflicts that it is the bearer of. And we can say without exaggeration that the whole life of a normal person is a conflict, and first of all the conflict is not external, but internal, from which we cannot get rid of. Every person constantly exists in a conflict situation not only with the surrounding social environment, but above all with themselves. And that should not be feared. For a sane person, an internal conflict situation that does not go beyond the norm is quite natural. A person who always considers himself right and always has a "calm conscience" cannot, according to I. Kant, be a moral person who "is never free from guilt". And from the point of view of another great philosopher, V. Solovyov, this is the essence of man, his difference from animals. The situation of intrapersonal tension and inconsistencies within a certain framework and degree is not only natural but also necessary for the development and improvement of the personality itself. Development cannot be carried out without internal contradictions, and where there are contradictions there is also a basis for conflict. And when an intrapersonal conflict takes place within the framework of a measure, this is really necessary because self-dissatisfaction, a critical attitude to one's own "I" as a powerful internal motor forces a person to follow the path of self-improvement and self-realization and thus not only to fill their own life with meaning but also to make the world a better place.
Types of intrapersonal conflicts.
Three types of intrapersonal (psychological) conflict:
Conflict of needs. The basis of conflict lies in the fact that our needs contradict one another and can lead us to different actions. Sometimes we want contradicting things at the same time and therefore cannot act. For example: a child wants to eat sweets. But the mother asks him to give her the treat. In this case, the child wants to eat the sweets and also give them to the mother. He experiences a conflict of needs and starts to cry.
Conflict between need and social norm. A very strong need can collide in us with an obligatory imperative. Whether or not we give in to that need, the situation becomes contradictory. In 3. Freud's terminology, the contradiction that causes this type of conflict is the contradiction between It (Id) and the Super-I (Super-Ego). It (Id) is a concentration of blind instincts (either sexual or aggressive) that seek instant gratification. Super-I includes moral norms, prohibitions, and rewards that are absorbed by a person.
Conflict of social norms. The essence of this conflict lies in the fact that a person faces equal pressures from two opposite social norms. In the last century, a church-forbidden duel was the only socially recognized means of washing off an insult and restoring one's honor. The conflict situation for the devout nobleman was the contradiction between class and religious duty.
Classification based on the value-motivating sphere of the individual.
A more complete classification of intrapersonal conflicts is given in the work of A.Ya. Antsupov and A.I.Shipilova, who suggested using the value-motivating sphere of the individual as the basis for classification. Depending on which sides of the individual's inner world come into conflict, they distinguish the following main types:
Motivational conflict. These are conflicts between unconscious aspirations, between the desire for possession and security, between two positive tendencies (the situation of Buridan's donkey).
Moral conflicts, often referred to as moral or normative conflicts. It is a conflict between desire and duty, between moral principles and personal ties.
Conflict of unfulfilled desire or complex with incomplete value. This is a conflict between the individual's desires and reality that blocks his or her satisfaction. Sometimes it is interpreted as a conflict between "I want to be like you" and the impossibility of making that wish come true. It can result from a person's physical inability to grant that wish. For example, due to dissatisfaction with their appearance or physical data.
Role conflict. It is expressed in experiences associated with the impossibility of realizing several roles at the same time (intrapersonal conflict between roles), as well as with a different understanding of the requirements of the person himself to play a role (conflict within the role). An example of an intrapersonal conflict between roles could be a situation where a person as an employee of an organization is asked to work overtime but as a father wants to devote more time to their child. An example of conflict within the role is a situation where a believer must take up arms and go to war to kill to protect the fatherland.
Adjustment conflict. This conflict has two meanings. In the broadest sense, it is understood as a result of a violation of the balance between the subject and the environment in the narrower sense - as a result of a violation of the process of social or professional adaptation. This is a conflict between the demands that reality places on the personality and the abilities of the person himself (professionally, physically, mentally).
The conflict of insufficient self-esteem arises from the discrepancy between the demands of the individual and the assessment of his or her abilities. This leads to increased anxiety, emotional stress, and breakdowns.
A neurotic conflict is the result of an ordinary intrapersonal conflict, which lasts long and is characterized by the highest tension and confrontation of the individual's internal forces and motives.
Other types of intrapersonal conflict.
The mentioned conflict types do not exhaust their classification completely. Depending on other reasons, a different typology of intrapersonal conflicts can be given. This is evident in the history of the development of conflictological concepts, in which different types of intrapersonal conflict are distinguished.
Let's note the most important:
The conflict between morality and morality, between what is and what is, between the moral ideal and reality (I. Kant, F. Dostoevsky).
The conflict between human drives, biological needs and social norms that is biological and biosocial (3rd Freud).
Conflict due to the need to choose between forces of equal magnitude that work in cash (K. Levin).
The conflict between the "I concept" and the ideal "I" (K. Rogers).
The conflict between the desire for self-actualization and the actual result (A. Maslow).
The conflict between the pursuit of the meaning of life and the existential vacuum, i.e. "noogenic" conflict or "existential frustration" (V. Frankl).
The conflict between the elements of the internal structure of the personality, between their motives (A. Leontiev).
The reasons for intrapersonal conflicts.
A person's relationship to the world, to other people and to himself is of a contradictory nature, which also determines the contradiction to the inner structure of the personality. A person as part of society cannot "jump out" of an integral system of contradicting social relationships that ultimately determine his consciousness, his psyche and the entire inner world. Various relationships, - wrote A.N. Leont'ev, in which a person enters reality, is objectively contradicting itself. Their contradictions lead to conflicts, which are determined under certain conditions and included in the structure of the personality.
With a closer look at the causes of intrapersonal conflicts, they can be divided into three types:
1) internal reasons based on the contradictions of personality itself;
2) external reasons due to the position of the individual in the social group;
3) external reasons due to the position of the individual in society.
The internal causes of intrapersonal conflicts are rooted in the contradictions between different motives of personality, in the inconsistency of their internal structure. The more complex the inner world of a person, the more developed his feelings, values and aspirations, the higher his ability for self-analysis, the more the personality is exposed to conflicts. Among the main contradictions that cause internal conflicts, the following can be distinguished:
The contradiction between need and social norm;
The contradiction of motives, interests and needs (and you want to go to the theater and prepare for the seminar);
The contradiction of social roles (and in production it is necessary to hold on to perform an urgent assignment and take the child for a walk);
The contradiction between social values and norms: How do you combine the Christian value “You shall not kill” with the duty to defend the fatherland on the battlefield?
In order for an intrapersonal conflict to arise, these contradictions must be given a deep personal meaning, otherwise a person will not attach any importance to them. In addition, the different sides of the contradictions should be roughly equal in the strength of their influence on personality. Otherwise, a person will easily choose the lesser of two evils and the greater of two advantages. And there is no conflict.
External causes for intrapersonal conflicts can be:
I) the position of the individual in the group,
2) the position of the person in the organization,
3) the position of the individual in society.
1. External causes of intrapersonal conflicts can vary depending on the position of the individual in the group. However, their common characteristic is the impossibility of satisfying important ones that have a deep inner meaning and meaning to the individual, needs and motives in this situation.
Intrapersonalconflict (7)Abstract \ u003e \ u003e Sociology
Leontyev. …………………………………………… 7 2. speciesintrapersonalconflicts. ……………………………………… 10 2.1. Three types intrapersonalconflict……………………… 102.2. Classification ... for emphasis speciesintrapersonalconflicts... 2.1 Three types intrapersonalconflicts... authors ...
Concept and speciesintrapersonalconflictsExamination \ u003e \ u003e Psychology
A. Maslow, V. Frankl and others. 1. Concept speciesintrapersonalconflicts 1.1 concept intrapersonalconflict « Intrapersonalconflict is a state of personality structure when ...
Intrapersonalconflicts, their properties and manifestationAbstract \ u003e \ u003e Psychology
1 Introduction. 3 concept intrapersonalconflict. 4 speciesintrapersonalconflicts... 5 episodes intrapersonalconflict... 8 negative consequences intrapersonalconflict... 8 positive consequences intrapersonalconflict... 13 Methods ...
An intrapersonal conflict can harm the individual, drive self-development and self-assertion into an impasse, or speed up the process of self-knowledge and force a person to mobilize all of their abilities.
The causes of the conflict, its possible consequences and recommendations for ways out of difficult intrapersonal situations are discussed in this article.
An intrapersonal conflict can be defined as the antagonism of positivism and negativism in a subject's psyche.
There is a long struggle going on in the individual's inner world, the nature of which is reflected in contradicting relationships with society. A person cannot develop a style of behavior independently; he is torn apart by doubts about the choice between internal value orientations and contradicting motives.
An example of such a conflict can be constantly observed: the choice between family and career, the dilemma between creating a love union of comfort and feelings, etc.
Mutually exclusive goals, values and interests can "coexist" in a person, which often leads to internal conflicts. The individual finds it difficult to determine this or that decision, may not be inclined to make a choice in a particular situation.
The lack of harmony between your personal "you" and external circumstances is the main indicator of intrapersonal conflict.
A personal conflict situation that does not get out of control is natural and necessary for every sane person. This serves as a certain kind of engine to change the outside world, to correlate it with one's own moral and ethical standards, to improve oneself and to strengthen the work on oneself.
Intrapersonal conflicts are an individual manifestation in the following areas:
- cognitive (low self-esteem, internal psychological standstill, delay in making important decisions);
- emotionally (increased psycho-emotional stress, the predominance of negativism in all areas of life);
- behavior (the prevalence of rudeness in communication, a decreased assessment of the results of their activities, lack of satisfaction with their work, life in general).
People find it very difficult to adapt to changed situations, stress becomes a constant companion in the life of such members of society.
You can distinguish the characteristic features of all intrapersonal conflicts:
- their appearance is directly related to the interaction of all elements of the inner perception of a person's world;
- "Participants" in the conflict - contradictions between interests, emotions, goals, desires;
- are born with an equivalent effect of factors on a person (in the case of bumps, a person prefers a greater good, fewer difficulties, etc.)
- necessarily associated with negative reactions.
Types and types
Intrapersonal conflicts are only classified to a limited extent because none of them are present in the individual in a “pure” form. Different authors' psychological concepts on a given topic may differ slightly from one another.
Based on the basis, the following intrapersonal conflicts are determined.
On the value-motivating sphere of personality
- Motivating (the disagreement between wanting and security, a dilemma between two positive things or actions within unconscious aspirations).
- moral (personal and moral attitudes do not match, desire and long time to find a compromise).
- Unfulfilled wish (Inconsistency between internal settings and the external environment, which prevents their implementation).
- Adaptive (Discord of the subject with the surrounding reality, the appearance of difficulties in social and professional addiction).
- Inadequate self-esteem (Dissonance between the assessment of their abilities and the demands of the individual).
- Role conflict:
- Intermediate roles (inability to perform several roles at the same time)
- Personality role (inadequacy of one's own role due to a lack of desires or skills)
According to social and consumer characteristics:
- Conflict of needs.
- Between need and social norm.
- Conflict of social norms.
The conflict within the personality, which is considerably prolonged in time and characterized by the tension of the psyche and the nerves, is called neurotic. It lasts with greater intensity and much longer.
Intrapersonal conflicts can be divided into the following types:
- hysterical (fight between "I want" and "I can");
- neurasthenic (discrepancy between "should" and "can");
- obsessive-psychasthenic (conflict between "must" and "want").
Forms of manifestation
Personal conflicts can manifest as:
- neurasthenia (expressed in terms of depression, decreased performance, migraines, insomnia, etc.);
- euphoria (happy mood "for show", tears interspersed with laughter, unjustified joy);
- regression (Avoidance of responsibility, manifestation of primitivism in behavior);
- projection (the preponderance of negativism in relationships with people, assessments of their qualities, excessive criticism);
- nomadism (Striving for changes in different areas of life - work, family, place of residence, etc.);
- rationalism ("Whitewashing" of their actions, self-justification).
Causes of Intrapersonal Conflicts
All reasons that lead to intrapersonal conflicts can be viewed from three sides:
- from the standpoint of the internal contradictions of the individual himself;
- from the external position of the person's position in a particular group of society;
- from outside the position of the individual in society as a whole.
When a person cannot reach an agreement within himself, contradictions can arise between different elements of his personality structure.
Internal conflicts are directly related to the level of spiritual development. The higher the self-criticism and the ability to evaluate one's own actions, the more likely conflicts will arise.
The strength of the influence of several factors on personality must be the same, otherwise a decision is made in favor of those that do not lead to a conflict situation (of the two problems, the smaller one is chosen).
External reasons are related to the role a person plays in a particular group. Due to some factors, it becomes impossible to take one or the other action that is important to the individual (for example, due to many kilometers of traffic jams, a negative attitude of the team towards a person, it is impossible to get to an important meeting on time).
The position of the individual in the macro system as a whole (economic, social system) can also run counter to the inner attitudes of a person.
Consequences and diagnosis
The results of intrapersonal conflicts can be both positive and negative.
Destructive indicators - a dead end in personal development, the first signs of deterioration:
- A person becomes disorganized both mentally and physically.
- Active participation in any type of activity, the effectiveness of which is significantly reduced.
- The general state of stress, constant fear, suspicion, dependence on other people and circumstances are characteristic of a person with intrapersonal conflict.
- He cannot fully fulfill his social, personal functions.
- In defense, a person has polar actions - either aggressiveness or submissiveness. Worthlessness, lack of confidence in one's abilities, inferiority, even as an extreme manifestation - without seeing the meaning of life - all of this relates to the state of the personality itself.
Unproductivity as a result of intrapersonal conflicts can also affect social relationships:
- A person of any age would like to isolate himself from all members of the group, keep silent and not accept healthy criticism in his address.
- He does not react adequately to the behavior of other people and can behave demonstratively himself, especially in adolescence. Formally, he can adhere to all the norms of communication, be polite, but there is no inner peace and balance.
- To blame many for their mistakes and failures, or, on the contrary, for increased self-criticism, are present in the behavioral responses of such people.
It is important to recognize the danger of prolonged non-resolution of an intrapersonal conflict, as in this case a person can develop neurosis and frustration.
If a person does not receive qualified help in correcting their internal state in a timely manner, there is a risk that one type of conflict will develop into another, more complex - neurotic.
- The constructiveness of the influence of the conflict situation within the personality consists in self-development, self-improvement and self-affirmation.
- In the fight against internal contradictions, the will of a person, his character can be softened. People who overcome internal obstacles get to know each other better and mobilize their personal resources.
- The mental state of a person becomes more resistant to influences from inside and outside. Those who have found the right approaches to get out of the conflict will win over themselves and take a new step to achieve the ideal state of their “I”.
The methods of determining the state of conflict within the personality should be very complex, including standard tests and self-report by the subject.
The following parameters must be analyzed for diagnosis:
- mental tension;
- the inner world of the subject.
Timely diagnosis, especially in adolescence, when the entire body is reorganized, will help identify an intrapersonal conflict and, if necessary, correct it.
Dissolution and warning methods
The impetus for personal development can be an internal conflict that is resolved positively. If the process is delayed, it can lead to neurotic reactions, cause suicidal behavior, and contribute to the development of mental illness.
This is why it is so important to have an idea of how intrapersonal control can be resolved:
- Compromise (It is very important to make a decision and start implementing the action chosen.)
- maintenance (In some cases it is important to let go of the situation and not solve it anymore).
- Reorientation (A change in attitude towards the object that resulted in a conflict within the personality will produce good outcomes in exiting the conflict.)
- sublimation (Changing the type of activity to an area that is distracting and evokes positive emotions - creativity, sports, music).
- idealization (Fantasy, daydreaming, separation from reality).
- displace (Influence your feelings, desires, aspirations to suppress them).
- correction (appropriate, objective attitude to your "I").
Video: Intrapersonal Conflict
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