Were any dinosaurs ovoviviparous

Evolution pp 1-47 | Cite as

  • J. Zrzavý
  • D. stork
  • S. Mihulka
  • Hynek Burda
  • Sabine Begall


  • What is evolution

  • How are evolution and phylogenesis related?

  • What is Darwinism?

  • Why were Darwin's ideas so revolutionary, and why didn't someone come up with these thoughts before him?

  • How do you have to understand the "struggle for survival"?

  • Is Evolution Purposeful?

  • Why do animals (and humans) reproduce?

  • What are proximate mechanisms and ultimate causes?

  • Why are there certain characteristics or combinations of characteristics in animals, even if they would make sense?

  • How did genetics influence the theory of evolution?

  • How have our ideas about evolution developed over the past 200 years?

  • Who are (and were) the most influential evolutionary biologists?

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Chapter 1 - Introduction

  1. Burda H. (2005): General zoology. UTB basics. Ulmer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  2. Burda H., Hilken G., Zrzavý J. (2008): Systematic zoology. UTB basics. Ulmer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  3. Crick, F. H. C. (1968): The origin of the genetic code. Journal of Molecular Biology, 38: 367-379. PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crow J. F. (2009): Mayr, mathematics and the study of evolution. Journal of Biology, 8: 13th PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Darwin C. (1860): On the origin of species by means of natural selection or the preservation of favored races in the struggle for life. 5th ed. John Murray, London. (German About the emergence of species through natural selection or the preservation of the favored races in the struggle for existence. Swiss beard, Stuttgart 1870) Google Scholar
  6. Darwin C. (1868): The variation of animals and plants under domestication. John Murray, London. (German The Varying of Animals and Plants in the State of Domestication. Swiss beard, Stuttgart 1878) Google Scholar
  7. Darwin C. (1909): The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. 2nd ed . John Murray, London. (German Human descent and sexual selection. Swiss beard, Stuttgart 1875) Google Scholar
  8. Darwin C. The complete work of Charles Darwin online [Internet]. Dr John van Wyhe (director), Christ's College & Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, 2002. Type of access: www.darwin-online.org.uk/.
  9. Dawkins R. (2006): The selfish gene. Spektrum Akad. Verlag, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  10. Depew D. J., Weber B. H. (1997): Darwinism evolving. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  11. Fisher R. A. (1958): The genetic theory of natural selection. Dover Publications, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Flegr J. (2008): Frozen evolution. Charles University in Prague Press, Praha.Google Scholar
  13. Flegr J. (2005): Evolucní biologie. [Evolutionary Biology.] Academia, Praha.Google Scholar
  14. Futuyma D. J. (2007): Evolution. The original with translation aids. Spektrum Akad. Verlag, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  15. Count A., Ridley M. (Eds.) (2006): Richard Dawkins: How a scientist changed the way we think. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  16. Harvey P. (2009): What did Charles Darwin prove? Journal of Biology, 8: 11th PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hentschel E. J., Wagner G. H. (2004): Dictionary of Zoology. Spektrum Akad. Verlag, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  18. Howard J. C. (2009): Why didn't Darwin discover Mendel's laws? Journal of Biology, 8: 15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Immelmann K. (1982): Behavioral Research Dictionary. Paul Parey, Berlin.Google Scholar
  20. Jahn I. (Ed.) (2000): History of biology. Spektrum Akad. Verlag, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  21. Janning W., Knust E. (2004): genetics. Thieme, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  22. Kimura M. (1983): The neutral theory of molecular evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (German The theory of neutrality of molecular evolution. Parey, Berlin 1987) Google Scholar
  23. Knippers R. (2006): Molecular Genetics. Thieme, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  24. Komárek S. (2008): Obraz cloveka a prírody v zrcadle biology. [The image of man and nature in the mirror of biology.] Galileo, Praha.Google Scholar
  25. Koolman J., Röhm K.-H. (2002): Pocket Atlas of Biochemistry. Thieme, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  26. Kutschera U. (2008): Evolutionary biology. Ulmer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  27. Kutschera U. (2009): Struggle to translate Darwin's view of concurrency. Nature, 458: 967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Maynard Smith J., Szathmary E. (1996): evolution. Spektrum Akad. Verlag, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  29. Mayr E. (2005): That's evolution. Goldmann, Munich.Google Scholar
  30. Nature + cosmos (popular science journal) .Google Scholar
  31. Pagel M. G. (2002): The Oxford encyclopedia of evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  32. Passarge E., Wirth J. (2008): Pocket atlas of human genetics. Thieme, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  33. Ridley M. (2003): evolution. Wiley-Blackwell, Cambridge, MA. (German evolution. Birkhäuser, Basel 1992) Google Scholar
  34. Ridley M. (1996): The Darwin reader. W. W. Norton & Co., New York.Google Scholar
  35. Ridley M. (1994): A Darwin Selection. Fontana Press; London. (German Reading Darwin: a selection from his work. dtv, Munich, 1996) Google Scholar
  36. Ridley M., Critchley S. (2006): How to read Darwin. W. W. Norton & Co., New York.Google Scholar
  37. Skelton P. W., Gilmour I. (1993): Evolution: A biological and palaeontological approach. Prentice Hall, NJ.Google Scholar
  38. Spectrum of science (popular science journal) .Google Scholar
  39. Stearns S. C., Hoekstra R. C. (2005): evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  40. Storch V., Welsch U., Wink M. (2007): Evolutionary biology. Springer, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  41. Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Journal) .Google Scholar
  42. Vesmír (popular science magazine, Czech) .Google Scholar
  43. Wikipedia (Internet encyclopedia, German, English, Czech). Google Scholar
  44. Wright S. (1931): Evolution in Mendelian populations. Genetics, 16: 97-159. PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Wright S. (1932): The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding, and selection in evolution. In: Jones, D. F. (Ed.), International Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Genetics, Vol. 1, pp. 355-366. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Spectrum Academic Publishers Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Zrzavý
  • D. stork
  • S. Mihulka
  • Hynek Burda
  • Sabine Begall
  1. 1. South Bohemian University České BudějoviceČeské Budějovice
  2. 2. University of PraguePrague
  3. 3rd abb. General Zoology University of Duisburg-Essen-Duisburg