Which diet is recommended for chronic diarrhea

Nutrition tips: what to eat if you have diarrhea

Light food: the right diet for diarrhea

You don't need to take pills or other medication to treat diarrhea. Home remedies and the right diet often help to calm the stomach and intestines again. Here's what to eat if you have diarrhea.

Diarrhea is one of the most common and at the same time one of the most unpleasant digestive disorders. Some suffer from regular attacks of diarrhea, which always come unexpectedly and in the most inopportune situations. Appropriate nutrition helps against diarrhea and calms the digestive system. However, if the symptoms persist for more than three days and there is blood in the stool, you should consult a doctor.

With accelerated digestion, the body loses fluids and important electrolytes very quickly. In order to avoid desiccosis (dehydration of the body), your body must be supplied with the lost fluids and the corresponding electrolytes quickly. The signs of dehydration are dry mouth and dark urine. That's why it's special if you have severe diarrhea a constant supply of water is essential.

Diarrhea - Symptoms and Causes

The following criteria define diarrheal diseases:

  • Stool Frequency: Three or more unformed stools occur in a 24 hour period.
  • Stool consistency: The stool is mushy or thin (water content is 75% or more).
  • Stool weight: The weight of the stool is increased (250g or more).

Causes of diarrhea
Typical accompanying symptoms of diarrhea are abdominal cramps and flatulence. The causes depend on whether it is acute or chronic diarrhea acts. The acute form can be triggered by bacteria or a viral infection, while the chronic form is triggered, for example, by food intolerance or an underlying disease. Stress, such as occurs in irritable bowel syndrome, can also be a cause of irregular digestion. Those affected often suffer from various gastrointestinal complaints. Acute diarrhea lasts a maximum of three days. If it lasts longer or if chronic illnesses are suspected, you should speak to a doctor.

Dos for diarrhea

If you have diarrhea, you should have one stomach-friendly diet adjust so that the intestines and intestinal flora can completely rebuild and recover. It is best to have several smaller meals so that the body is not overwhelmed. In general, make sure that you eat foods that are low in fat. The fat puts additional strain on the already irritated digestive system and can even be excreted undigested or lead to renewed diarrhea. In addition, it is sufficient Hydration important. Drink still water or tea such as fennel, caraway, aniseed or chamomile. To the Electrolyte balance To top up, you can drink vegetable broth or buy a rehydration solution containing sodium, potassium, glucose and chloride from the pharmacy.

These foods are particularly digestible

  • oatmeal
    The grain contains a lot of fiber and minerals, as well as vitamins B1 and E. The flakes are easy to digest and act like a protective layer on the irritated mucous membrane. For a porridge, pour 50 grams of oat flakes over with enough hot water to create a creamy consistency while stirring. A pinch of salt gives it some flavor.
  • Apple, banana and carrot
    If the porrd is too boring for you, you can also grate an apple or mash and mix in a banana. Both fruits contain pectin, which makes the stool firmer by binding water. At the same time, they return nutrients to the body. Carrots also contain this fiber. For a carrot soup according to the recipe of the Heidelberg pediatrician Ernst Moro from 1908, boil 500 grams of chopped carrot pieces in a little water and puree them. The porridge is poured with one liter of water and three grams of salt.
  • Vegetable broth
    A cup of vegetable stock can be drunk in small sips. The salt it contains supplies the body with sodium. Simply prepare a cup according to the package instructions.
  • zwieback
    The classic when it comes to diarrheal diseases is rusk. The double-baked bread is not heavy in the stomach, is easy to digest and has a constipating effect. Alternatively, you can also eat white bread, but without toppings.
  • Potatoes and rice
    Potatoes contain a lot of potassium and are particularly easy to digest. Just make sure that they do not contain any green areas, as these contain the slightly toxic ingredients chaconin and solanin. Alternatively, you can also cook white rice. This forms mucilage that binds water in the body. It tastes particularly good with a little salt and cooked vegetables such as carrots or zucchini. On the other hand, avoid cabbage, legumes or other flatulent foods as a side dish.

Don't do it with diarrhea

If you have diarrhea, there are also a few foods that you should rather avoid. They also irritate the gastrointestinal tract and can trigger renewed symptoms such as cramps, abdominal pain and diarrhea.

milk and milkproducts
In the case of diarrhea, milk and dairy products are taboo, as they often contain a lot of fat, which has a negative effect on the irritated intestine. Bacteria or viruses can also temporarily cause a lactase deficiency, so that the milk sugar is no longer digestible and diarrhea is exacerbated as a result.

Spicy dishes
Chillies and other hot spices irritate the stomach lining unnecessarily, which is why chilli con carne and arrabiata sauce should be avoided for the time being.

Greasy foods
As with dairy products, fatty foods such as fast food and pastries should be avoided, as the fat only puts additional strain on digestion and can trigger new diarrhea.

coffee
Coffee should also be avoided if you have diarrhea. It stimulates digestion and increases the volume and frequency of the stool. The same goes for alcohol.

Cola & pretzel sticks
It has long been disproved that cola and pretzel sticks help against diarrhea. Cola contains a lot of sugar and can adversely affect the water balance. Cola, which is sweetened, can stimulate intestinal activity and also promote diarrhea. Pretzel sticks do not stop diarrhea, but they provide simple carbohydrates that have a constipating effect and salt, which replenishes the electrolytes in the body.

alcohol
Definitely stay away from alcoholic beverages. These make the stool more fluid and worsen the diarrhea. Drinks with an alcohol content of less than 10%, such as beer, encourage the production of stomach acid, which can also lead to heartburn and nausea.

Irritable bowel diarrhea - what helps?

In irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea often occurs suddenly and without feeling sick, but with abdominal pain and cramps. The stool is very soft to fluid. Those affected suffer from recurring diarrhea.
Anti-diarrheal drugs, so-called antidiarrheal drugs, which are available over the counter in pharmacies, help against acute irritable bowel diarrhea. However, these should only be used in an extreme emergency.

Fiber such as flaxseed or psyllium shells can help as a preventative measure. They bind water and release mucus, which stimulates gastrointestinal movement. The volume of the stool increases and makes it easier to get to the exit. Regular consumption of high-fiber vegetables can also prevent diarrhea. People with irritable bowel syndrome should try different foods, as some of them make you better and less good for an intact digestion.

Diarrhea in babies and toddlers

  • In the first six hours, make up for the child's fluid and salt loss. There is a pharmacy for it Electrolyte-glucose mixtures in the right mixing ratio. Self-mixed solutions are not intended for children under the age of five.
  • Feed the formula you are used to or continue breastfeeding. However, you can too water-binding foods like grated apples and mashed potatoes, carrots and bananas. In the case of infants, a rice gruel electrolyte solution or tea are given. Suitable types of tea are chamomile, peppermint or fennel.
  • Cover more of the child's calorie and nutritional needs carbohydrates made from rice, potatoes and fruit.

Medication for diarrhea

Medicines for diarrhea can be bought over the counter at pharmacies. They stop the diarrhea, but they don't fight the causes. Therefore, ask your pharmacist about the exact use of the preparation. One of the most effective substances against diarrhea is Loperamide. He slows down bowel movementso that the chyme stays in the intestinal tract longer. Water and electrolytes can then be better absorbed by the body. However, do not take the drug longer or in higher doses than recommended! In the worst case scenario, it can be too Constipation and Intestinal obstruction come!

Generally, you should take medication for diarrhea Use only briefly and sparingly, because especially with acute diarrhea, a pathogen or toxin wants to leave the body. If this "cleaning process" is suppressed, the pathogens can even damage the intestines. Some bacterial pathogens also have to be treated with antibiotics. If the diarrhea is stopped by the drug, the bacterial infection is often recognized late and new and stronger symptoms arise. Therefore, pay attention to signals such as Blood or mucus in the chair as well high fever.

Effectively prevent diarrhea

If you struggle with diarrhea frequently, you should consult your doctor to clarify possible illnesses, intolerances and food intolerances. Fructose, lactose, alcohol, caffeine, sorbitol, spiciness and fat often trigger diarrhea. Use a journal to check what you have eaten and how your body reacts to it. An elimination process often provides clues as to why the diarrhea is triggered.

Diet changes and tips on eating habits
Now that you have noted which foods or habits trigger diarrhea in you, you now also know what to avoid or replace. In this case, changing your diet is the best way to permanently prevent diarrhea. Afterward, also pay attention to how you eat.

Fiber
When it comes to fiber, you should know the difference between soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber is found in fruits and vegetables, such as most citrus fruits. They bind water and are largely broken down by the intestinal bacteria, which has a positive effect on digestion.
Insoluble fiber, on the other hand, is found in grains and legumes. They promote bowel movement and are only partially broken down by the bowel. On the one hand, they encourage bowel movement and increase the volume of the stool, on the other hand, they can also cause diarrhea. This happens often when the body is not yet used to the amount of fiber. In any case, fiber counts as a light diet.

Hydration

Drink as much as possible, as the body quickly loses a lot of water and nutrients when you have diarrhea. Three to four liters of unsweetened tea, still water and a cup of vegetable stock provide the body with fluids and minerals such as sodium and potassium. Cola, on the other hand, should be avoided as the sugar or sweetener can have a laxative effect. Fennel-caraway-aniseed, chamomile or special gastrointestinal teas are particularly suitable as a tea.

vegetables

A gentle diet also includes a lot of vegetables such as boiled carrots and also carrot juice, they bind the liquid and relieve the gastrointestinal tract.

broth

Drink a strengthening chicken broth, it contains a lot of minerals and electrolytes, which are very important in the treatment of the disease.

fruit

A particularly healing effect can be found in bananas or in the peel of an apple. Therefore, it is better to wash apples thoroughly, but not peel them. The pectin it contains helps to store the absorbed liquid. Exactly the right thing to be able to take up the lost fluid by re-supplying it. Grated apples are particularly digestible and can be used with other fruits, for example, to make a delicious puree.

Constipating foods

Just like the banana, rusks and rice are easy constipating foods that will help firm your stool and regulate your digestion.

Diet after diarrhea

  • In order not to burden the stomach again immediately, you should first resort to light food. Different varieties are suitable here Mus. Use mild, low-acid fruits like bananas.
  • A mild one Gruel has been the tried and tested home remedy for gastrointestinal upset for decades, as it is very digestible and protects the gastric mucosa. It is best to use melted oatmeal flakes - these are easier to digest.
  • Light digestible, cooked vegetables such as fennel, zucchini or pumpkin are suitable after a diarrheal illness. White rice, a mild mashed potato or a carrot soup are also dishes for a return to your normal diet.

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