What is salvation and its reward

What are the different theories of salvation, repentance, and atonement?



Throughout church history there have been various views of salvation, repentance, and atonement that have been spread by different individuals or beliefs - some true, some false. One of the reasons for the different views is that both the Old and New Testaments reveal many truths about salvation through Christ, which makes it difficult and almost impossible to crystallize a single "theory" that demonstrates the diversity and abundance of salvation, Atonement and repentance adequately explained. As we study the Bible, we discover that there is a multifaceted and rich picture of salvation / atonement / repentance as the Bible reveals many interrelated truths about the salvation that Christ wrought for us. Another contribution to the different theories is provided by the fact that we have seen much of what we learn about salvation, repentance and atonement from the perspective and experience of God's people under the old covenant (the system of offerings) must become.

The redemption of Christ, its purpose, and what it achieved is such a rich subject that extensive works have been written about it. This article can only provide a brief overview of many of the theories that have come to light over time. When looking at the various theories, we must note that any theory that does not recognize the sinfulness of man or does not accept salvation alone, but calls for additions, is flawed at best and heretical at worst.

Salvation for Satan: This theory sees redemption through Christ as a "ransom" to Satan to buy people's freedom and free them from slavery to Satan. This is based on the belief that the human soul belongs to Satan and that Christ died to ensure God's victory over Satan. This theory has little, if any, biblical background and has had few followers through church history. It is not biblically justified because here Satan - instead of God - makes the demand for salvation from sin. So here the demand for God's righteousness, as present in the entire Bible, is completely ignored. This view makes Satan bigger than it should and gives him more power than he really has. The Bible does not support the view that sinners owe Satan, but throughout the Bible we read that God is the one who demands repayment of sin.

Recap Theory: This theory states that redemption through Christ reversed the course of mankind, from disobedience to obedience. The theory believes that the life of Christ recapitulated all phases of human life and thereby reversed the disobedience initiated by Adam. This theory is not supported by the Bible.

Dramatic theory: This theory sees redemption through Christ as a victory in a divine conflict between good and evil and as the gain in the liberation of people from the enslavement of Satan. The purpose of Christ's death was to ensure God's victory over Satan and to provide a way to deliver the world from the violence of evil.

Mystical theory: Mystical theory envisages redemption through Christ as a triumph over his own sinful nature by the power of the Holy Spirit. The supporters of this theory believe that knowing about this will mystically influence people and awaken their “God's conscience”. They also believe that people's spiritual state is not the result of sin, but simply a lack of "God's conscience". Clearly, that's not what the Bible says. To believe this, one has to believe that Christ himself was a sinner, while scriptures clearly state that Jesus was perfect, sinless in all aspects of his being. (Hebrews 4:15).

Morally influenced theory: It is believed here that redemption through Christ is a sign of God's love that softens people's hearts and makes them repent. Followers of this theory believe that man is spiritually ill and in need of help, and that people are moved to accept God's forgiveness by seeing God's love. They believe that the purpose and meaning of Christ's death was a sign of God's love for man. While it is correct that the redemption of Christ is the ultimate example of God's love, this perspective is not Bible-based because it denies the actual spiritual state of people - dead from trespasses and sins (Ephesians 2: 1) - and also denies, that God actually demands that sin be paid. This view of Christ's salvation leaves mankind with no real sacrifice or payment for sin.

Example theory: This perspective sees Christ's salvation as a simple example of faith and obedience to inspire people to be obedient to God. Proponents of this theory believe that human beings are spiritually alive and that the life of Christ and His salvation are but one example of true faith and obedience that is intended to inspire people to lead similar lives of faith. This theory and the morally influenced theory are similar in that they both reject God's righteousness, which actually calls for reparation for sin, and also deny that Christ's death on the cross was that reparation for sin. The main difference between the morally influenced theory and the example theory is that the morally influenced theory claims that the death of Christ teaches us how much God loves us, while the example theory claims that the death of Christ teaches us how to live. Of course, it is true that Christ is an example to be followed, including his death, but example theory does not recognize the true spiritual state of man and that God's righteousness requires reparation for sin that man cannot make.

Commercial theory: This theory views the redemption of Christ as an offering of infinite glory to God. As a result, God gave Christ a reward but he did not need it, and Christ passed this reward on to the people. This belief embodies that man's spiritual state dishonors God and so the death of Christ - which brought infinite glory for God - is salvation for sinners. This theory, like many others, denies the true spiritual state of sinners and their need to become a completely new creature, which can only happen through Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17).

Government Theory: This perspective sees Christ's salvation as evidence of God's high regard for his law and attitude towards sin. Only through the death of Christ does God obtain a reason to forgive the sins of those who repent and repent and accept Christ's death vicariously. Proponents of this theory believe that the spiritual condition of mankind does not obey God's moral laws and that the meaning of Christ's death is a substitute for the punishment of sin. Because Christ paid for the punishment for sin, God can legally forgive those who recognize Christ as their substitute. This point of view limps in that he does not teach us that Christ actually paid the penalty for all sins of all people, but that his suffering simply showed people that God's laws were not obeyed and that a certain penalty was paid for it.

Penalty replacement theory: This theory sees Christ's redemption as a vicarious sacrifice that meets God's demands for justice for sin. Through his sacrifice, Christ paid for the sins of mankind, brought forgiveness, established righteousness for people towards God. Proponents of this theory believe that every part of man - the brain, the will, its emotions - has been corrupted by sin and humanity is corrupt and spiritually dead. This view shows that Christ's death paid for the penalty of sin and that people, through their faith, can accept this “compensation” for their sin. This perspective on salvation fits most closely with Scripture and its explanation of sin, humanity, and the result of Christ's death on the cross.



English



Back to the German homepage

What are the different theories of salvation, repentance, and atonement?
Share this page: