What are Lacanian's psychoanalysis views on addiction

From the ethos and the place of psychoanalysis in it

Summary

The essay starts from the question to what extent there can be a psychoanalytic ethos derived from the theory and practice of psychoanalysis itself. The draft of a formal moral law in Kant's Critique of Practical Reason (1788) adopted. What opposes the option of a genuinely analytical ethos is the element of destructiveness that can turn against others in the psychic process. Lacan's language- and symbol-oriented ethics of desire represent a helpful approach to the exploration of the problem. However, it is recognized as a difficulty in Lacan's approach that desire remains unspecific in it. It cannot be ruled out that there are variants of desire in which the autonomous nature of the human other is negated. An 'ethics of recognition' is being considered as a possible solution, the psychological foundation of which is seen in the subject's active engagement with the parents' sexual-symbolic pact. Under this condition, an interpersonal alterity is conceivable, which can be regarded as inevitable and thus provides the guiding point for ethically determined analytical action.

Abstract

Ethics and psychoanalysis
The article revolves around the question of the extent to which there can be such a thing as a psychoanalytic ethic derived from the theory and practice of psychoanalysis itself. The author considers the design of a formal moral law in Kant's Critique of Practical Reason (1788) to be central turning point in the history of ethics. What militates against the option of a genuine analytic ethic is the element of destructiveness that can turn against others in the psychic process. Lacan's language- and sign-oriented ethics of desire is helpful in embarking on an exploration of the problem. But one drawback of Lacan's approach is that it leaves desire unspecified. We cannot rule out the eventuality that there are varieties of desire in which the autonomous nature of the human other is negated. One possible solution is an "ethics of acknowledgment", where the psychic foundation is seen as residing in the active engagement of the subject with the sexually symbolic pact of the parents. Such an ethic might conceivably produce a form of interpersonal alterity that can claim to be unsubsumable and non-circumventible, and thus serve as a guide for ethically determined analytic action.

Résumé

De l '›ethos‹ et de la place de la psychanalysis dans ce dernier
The article part de la question de savoir dans quelle mesure il peut y avoir un ethos psychanalytique, dérivé de la théorie et de la pratique de la psychanalyse elle-même. L'auteur suppose que le projet d'une loi morale formal, élaboré par Kant dans la Critique de la raison pratique(1788) constitue une césure décisive sur le plan de l'histoire de l'éthique. Ce qui s'oppose à l'option d'un ethos authentiquement analytique, c'est l'élément de destructivité qui peut se tourner contre les autres au cours du processus psychique. L'éthique de Lacan, orientée vers le langage et les signes, offre un accès utile pour special ce Problem. L'auteur reconnaît toutefois une difficulté posée par l'approche de Lacan, à savoir le fait que le désir n'y est pas specific. On ne peut pas exclure l'existence de variantes du désir dans lesquelles l'être autonome de l'autre congénère est nié. The article propose comme solution possible une "éthique de la reconnaissance" dont le fondement psychique est, selon l'auteur, la confrontation active du sujet avec le pacte sexuel-symbolique des parents. In ces conditions, on peut imaginer une altérité interhumaine qui peut être considérée comme indépassable, constituant ainsi le fil conducteur d'une action analytique, déterminée de manière éthique.

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