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United Kingdom

Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
independent since 1066
Great Britain and northern Ireland


The United Kingdom is an island nation in western Europe, separated from the mainland by the English Channel. The land has a total area of ​​243,610 km² and a total coastline of 12,429 km. This land mass corresponds to approximately 68% of the size of Germany. This makes the United Kingdom one of the largest countries in Europe and the 80th largest country in the world. It is comparatively low at an average height of 162 meters above sea level.

In addition to the main island, there are around 1,000 other small islands in the country. Ireland is the only country directly bordering the United Kingdom. The distance between Berlin and the capital London is approximately 930 km.

The currency in the United Kingdom is the sterling pound (GBP).
1 pound is divided into 100 pence.
Status: May 21, 2021
1 euro = 0.86 pounds
1 pound = 1.16 euros

The UK climate

A temperate climate zone determines the weather in the UK. As everywhere in the northern hemisphere, the days in the summer months not only get warmer but also longer. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 7 and 19 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 21 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops down to 3 ° C in the monthly mean at night.

Average day and night temperatures



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With an HDI (Human Development Index) of 0.932, the United Kingdom is one of the most highly developed economies according to the UN definition. The IMF also shares this classification. Taking into account purchasing power parity, it is among the 30 richest countries in the world.

Land use

24% urban areas:58,699 km²
71% agriculture:172,573 km²
13% forests:31,669 km²
0% water surface:1,680 km²



Road network:394,428 km
Rail network:16,837 km
Waterways:3,200 km
Commercial ports:1.426

Country name

There are frequent confusions between the terms "United Kingdom", "England" and "Great Britain". The full name of the country is "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" and consists of the previously independent parts of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Great Britain is the main island on which England, Wales and Scotland are located. Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands (Guernsey and Jersey) are neither part of Great Britain nor the United Kingdom, although except for Ireland they are directly under the British Crown. The barrier islands of the Hebrides, Shetlands, Orkney, Scilly, Anglesey and Wight belong to the United Kingdom, but not to Great Britain due to their geographical island location.
The British Isles are a collective term for all of these countries and islands.

The main cities

Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Regulatory quality:
Freedom of speech:
Death penalty:abolished in 1998


Dependent outside areas

The following international markings apply to this country:
ISO 3166-1 alpha3: GBR ISO 3166-1 alpha2: GB ISO 3166-1 numeric: 826 Fips10: UK STANAG: GBR IOC: GBR License Plate: GBM UN / LOCODE: GB Domain ending: uk Country code: +44

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