Has white chocolate theobromine

Chocolate poisoning (theobromine poisoning) in dogs and cats

Theobromine is an ingredient from the group of so-called methylxanthines, which can be found in cocoa beans, but also in coffee or tea. The bitter-tasting substance has a stimulating effect similar to caffeine, but it is much weaker than the methylxanthines in coffee.

Cocoa beans are the basis for cocoa powder and chocolates and theobromine is contained in different amounts depending on the type of product. The largest amount of theobromine is found in cocoa powder for baking (14-26 mg / g). Dark chocolate with 90% cocoa contains 26 mg / g, dark chocolate 5-8 mg / g and milk chocolate only 1.5-2 mg / g. Baked cocoa in the household therefore poses the greatest danger.

Symptoms of poisoning arise in dogs after ingestion of 250-500 mg / kg body mass, in cats at 200 mg / kg body mass. Small dogs with a great appetite for chocolate are therefore particularly at risk.

White chocolate contains almost no theobromine, as the cocoa powder is extracted during the production of the cocoa mass.

Theobromine has a stimulating effect on the nervous system, while humans tolerate this "waking effect" well without major side effects, this stimulation is too much for the nervous system of most animals, they react with balance disorders, gait anomalies, tremors, palpitations and epileptic seizures.