What are interest groups

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Interest Groups

Interest groups (also: stakeholders) of an organization (e.g. public authority, private / public company) are understood to be the sum of all persons, groups of persons and organizations who are affected by the interests of the organization, who are interested in the interests of the organization and / or who can influence the organization.

Interest groups (administration) of a public local authority (federal, state, local authority) are e.g. (former, current and potential future) citizens / customers, voters, international organizations, scientists / researchers, private / public companies, top management, political representatives, other regional authorities , Media representatives, trade unions, lobby associations, citizens' associations, lenders, administrative staff, non-profit organizations, political parties / voter associations, insurers, suppliers, fee / contribution / taxpayers, abroad, etc.

The interest groups can be subdivided into internal and external interest groups according to their affiliation to the local authority (see graphic).

Furthermore, a distinction can be made between active interest groups and passive interest groups. Active interest groups actively represent their interests vis-à-vis the local authority. Passive interest groups do not ("silent majority"). The interest groups can exert influence in different ways. In the context of public local authorities, e.g. (informal) influencing decision-makers in politics and administration, influencing other actors, formal participation in hearing / consultation / participation procedures, expressing opinions via the media, participating in referendums / elections, etc. are conceivable .