How many college graduates per year
Facts and figures on the European study reform in Germany
Change of degree programs: As of the 2014/2015 winter semester, 88.2 percent of all courses at German universities had been converted to the tiered study structure. In the universities of applied sciences in particular, the changeover is almost complete. (Source: HRK Hochschulkompass)
Number of students and proportion of bachelor's and master's degrees: A total of 1,801,233 students were enrolled in the 1998/1999 winter semester. In the 2013/2014 winter semester there were around 2.6 million students at German universities. Overall, more than three quarters of the students are enrolled in a bachelor's or master's degree. (Source: Federal Statistical Office or HRK University Compass)
Development of the total duration of study: The duration of study has decreased with the introduction of the tiered study programs. In 1998, the total period of study for diploma degrees was an average of 13.4 semesters. In 2012, students required an average of just 10.8 semesters for a master’s degree, taking into account the semesters spent on the bachelor’s degree. At 7 semesters, the mean total duration of the first degree was the lowest for the Bachelor's degree. (Source: Federal Statistical Office)
Dropout rate: The drop-out rate of German Bachelor students in 2012 was 28 percent, for Master’s courses (calculated for the first time for 2012) it was 11 percent at universities and 7 percent at universities of applied sciences. Comparisons with 1998 are only possible to a limited extent (especially for state examination courses) due to the greatly changed course structure. (Source: Heublein, The development of drop-out rates at German universities. DZHW 2014)
Transition from Bachelor graduates to Master’s degree: Many Bachelor graduates are currently completing a further qualification - usually a Master’s degree. According to the DZHW's last graduate survey, this is 53 percent at universities of applied sciences and 77 percent at universities. (Source: Source: Rehn et al., With the Bachelor in the profession. HIS 2011)
Bachelor graduates on the job market: The unemployment rate for Bachelor graduates is 3 percent for FH graduates and 2 percent for university graduates. (Source: Rehn et al., With the Bachelor in the profession. HIS 2011).
German students abroad: More and more Germans are studying abroad with the aim of obtaining a university degree there: While 46,300 German students were matriculated abroad in 1998, in 2012 there were already three times as many with 138,500 students. Compared to the previous year, this means an increase of 1.8 percent. Of all German graduates abroad in 2012, 49.5 percent had a bachelor's degree and 35.5 percent had a master’s degree. 7.7 percent obtained a doctorate and 6.8 percent another degree (source: Federal Statistical Office)
Foreign students in Germany: According to the Federal Statistical Office, the number of foreign students in the 2013/14 winter semester rose by 6.8 percent to 301,350 compared to the previous year, which is slightly more than the number of German students (plus around 5 percent). Foreign students made up 11.5 percent of all students at German universities. The foreign students were clearly in the majority (approx. 218,800 students); For you, too, the increase of 7 percent is above average compared to the previous year. (Source: Federal Statistical Office)
Recognition of academic achievements from abroad: According to a DAAD survey in 2007, 41 percent of the students surveyed recognized all academic achievements from abroad; in 2013 the figure was 69 percent. No performance was recognized in 2007 for 23 percent, in 2013 only 10 percent. (Source: DAAD, recognition (not a problem 2007, 2013)
Foreign academics at German universities: The number of academic and artistic employees with foreign citizenship and an employment relationship at German universities rose to around 38,000 in 2013: this is an increase of 7.6 percent compared to 2012. In total, they made up 10.3 percent of all university employees in the academic and artistic fields. Most of these foreign university employees come from Italy (6.8 percent), China (6.6 percent) and Austria (5.6 percent). (Source: Federal Statistical Office)
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