What is the future of electric vehicles



Electromobility as a component of sustainable mobility

The term Electromobility (also E.-mobility) stands for locomotion with the help of electric motors. Cars, buses, commercial vehicles, trains, bicycles and motorcycles, ships and smaller aircraft - they can all be powered by electrical energy. An electrically operated vehicle within the meaning of the Electromobility Act is a pure battery electric vehicle, an externally chargeable hybrid electric vehicle or a fuel cell vehicle.

E-mobility is a key technology for creating a clean and efficient transport system. So-called fossil fuels such as crude oil or natural gas have been causing high levels of CO in our road traffic for years2Emissions and increasing pollution of the climate. The electricity that electric vehicles need is provided either by powerful batteries or by a fuel cell. In the fuel cell, the chemical energy of hydrogen is converted directly into electricity. Electric vehicles charge at charging stations or fill up with gaseous hydrogen at filling stations, are quiet and do not emit any emissions that are harmful to the climate or health. Electric vehicles powered by electricity from renewable sources are therefore a very good alternative to vehicles with internal combustion engines.

The BMVI supports application-oriented research and development in the field of electromobility, the procurement of electric vehicles and the expansion of charging infrastructure (charging stations for electric vehicles and hydrogen filling stations) in Germany across all technologies and modes of transport.

The Federal Ministry of Transport promotesPlug-in hybrids, Battery drives and fuel cells

  • in passenger and goods traffic on the road (e.g. for cars, electric buses, commercial and delivery vehicles),
  • Battery and fuel cell drives in rail transport (diesel hybrid traction),
  • Battery and fuel cell drives in aviation (e.g. fuel cells for on-board energy supply),
  • Battery and fuel cell drives in shipping (fuel cells for power supply).

Hybrid vehicles

A Hybrid drive combines two different drive systems: the vehicle has a combustion engine and an electric motor. Depending on the design, both motors can act on the drive together or independently of one another. A parallel hybrid is driven by both the combustion engine and the electric motor. At a serial drive system on the other hand, the combustion engine only drives a generator which, as an electricity supplier, feeds the battery of the electric motor. The vehicle is therefore powered purely electrically. So-called Plug-in hybrids can be recharged at a simple household socket or at a charging station.