Why are anarchists for equality

Left-wing extremism Autonomous - anarchists - anti-imperialists

The different left-wing extremist structures are presented below. The boundaries between the partial spectra are fluid. In the course of their political activities, members of this left-wing extremist scene also work with other left-wing extremists and with non-extremist political currents and organizations.


The phenomenon of the autonomous first appeared at the beginning of the 1980s. Some of them emerged from the "spontaneous scene" of the 70s. Autonomous are left-wing extremists without a closed ideology. Many are united by hatred of the state and the form of society. They want to establish a society that is "free of exploitation and domination" by smashing the "imperialist repressive state" and its institutions, without developing more precise ideas about this. Due to their hostility to organization, they usually work together in rather short-lived, smaller groups. The spectrum of their activities ranges from anti-fascism, anti-racism (asylum and deportation problems) to militant resistance against urban development / restructuring to autonomous "district work". Objectives and practice often overlap or interlock with anarchist approaches.

For autonomous people, militancy is an indispensable form of political debate. They reject the state's monopoly of force and claim a right to “resist state repression”. Autonomous agitation ranges from billposting and arson attacks to bodily harming "punitive actions". In Hamburg, a significant part of the autonomous scene in the Schanzenviertel is concentrated around the communication center "Rote Flora".


Anarchists reject any kind of authority as a form of rule by people over people (and thus any form of government). They want to realize human coexistence on the basis of unlimited freedom of the individual according to the principles of justice, equality and brotherhood. With this wishful thinking, the anarchists' ideological commonality ends. Their views range from the denial of any regulatory system to the demand for a (temporary) "revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat". Anarchists also disagree about the use of force. It is generally rejected against people. Violence against objects (e.g. vehicles, rail systems), on the other hand, does not count as violence, because objects cannot "feel violence".

Because of their ideological differences, anarchists tend to organize themselves in small, competing groups. In Hamburg, the anarchist scene mainly meets in the "Libertarian Center" (LIZ) and the "Libertarian Culture and Action Center" (LKA).

While mostly unorganized anarchists and autonomous people circulate in the LIZ, the "Free Workers Union" (FAU / IAA) has its seat in the LKA. This nationwide group has more solid and binding structures. It sees itself as an "anarchist organization with union claims". By means of "direct action" such as occupations, boycotts, strikes and sabotage, a "domination-free society" is to be established. This variety of anarchism is also known under the term "anarcho-syndicalism", which wants to organize society in revolutionary, self-governing professional associations (syndicates).


Anti-imperialists (scene jargon: antiimps) emphasize the international context of their struggle against the state even more than autonomous or anarchist groups. They are often based on "liberation movements" in the Third World. Antiimps hold capitalism responsible for all negative conditions in the world and direct their struggle primarily against the state and international corporations.

For anti-imperialists too, violence is a necessary part of their struggle against the system. While the autonomous people tend to spontaneous violence (e.g. during demonstrations), anti-imperialists plan their actions long-term and with strategic calculation. In the active phase of the terrorist "Red Army Faction" (RAF) it was partly supported by anti-imperialists, who with their actions moved themselves on the border of terrorism and sometimes exceeded it.

Although the RAF admitted its failure in 1998 and disbanded, anti-imperialists still cling to their basic ideas today. Since 2009, after years of stagnation, the anti-imperialist scene in Hamburg has once again recorded an increase in potential. This is due in particular to the groups “Socialist Left” (SoL) and “Rote Szene Hamburg” (RSH), whose members have significantly rejuvenated the scene. Since 2010, anti-imperialists from the groups mentioned have been largely responsible for the implementation of the “Revolutionary May Day Demonstration”, during which riots regularly occur. This militancy on the street is flanked by the groups involved with texts that glorify “revolutionary violence” and aggressive mobilization videos published on the Internet. In contrast to autonomous groups, anti-imperialists rely on the classic masterminds of communism in their agitation. In addition to Marx and Lenin, set pieces from Maoist writings have recently found their way into this area.

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