When does the quantum wave function collapse

Uncertainty relation and graviton: holes in the wall between the beyond and this world

How concretely could the restriction of the interaction between the hereafter and this world look like? So what determines the size of the holes in the picture of the perforated wall between the hereafter and this world? There are many possible answers here. I would like to suggest two of them: the quantum physical uncertainty and the "graviton".

The principle of quantum physical fuzziness states that there are different physical quantities that are coupled with one another in such a way that for a certain particle, a quantum, the specification of one quantity inevitably results in increased freedom for the other quantity. The variables momentum and place as well as time and energy are coupled with one another in this way. The more precisely you want to determine the location of an electron, for example, the more imprecise the determination of the momentum must inevitably be. And in relation to energy and time, the consequence arises: the smaller the observed period, the more the observed energy can deviate from the law of conservation of energy.

At the moment you are in the Science disagreed about whether the uncertainty relation reflects the limitation of measurement possibilities (the more precisely you want to localize an electron, the more energetic the electromagnetic radiation used to do this, the more the electron's momentum is influenced) or whether there is a real event behind it: the closer the two When the points lie together, the more the momentum of the particle can vary between them.

The speaks for the second interpretation Tunnel effect, to which we, among other things Shine of the sun owe: The sun draws its energy from the fusion of hydrogen and helium atomic nuclei. But now the hydrogen nuclei repel each other so strongly because of their electrical charge that they should never come close enough to merge. The sun would be a dead gas ball. Even with the relatively high kinetic energy of the hydrogen atoms, which corresponds to the high temperature of the sun, hydrogen atoms would only very rarely or never come close enough to fuse. However, since the uncertainty relation allows the nuclei to assume other energy states than the classically permitted for a short time, the nuclei can override the laws of nature for a short time and let the sun shine.

For the otherworldly will postulated in the theory of limited coupling, this means a concrete quantification of its freedom of action: "If you want to manipulate one variable, the other tells you the limit. The more energy you want to manipulate in an atom, for example, the shorter it has to be Be the period in which this happens. "

For all complementary quantities coupled in this way, the formula applies that the product of their uncertainty is never smaller than that Planck's quantum of action can be. The smaller the Planck's quantum of action, the more the quantum parts are bound to deterministic laws. The bigger it is, the more freedom the quanta have to move away from the classical laws of nature. The size of Planck's quantum of action could therefore be a measure of the radius of the holes in the wall between the beyond and this world.

Roger Penrose introduces the thought of in the 8th chapter of his book "Computer Thinking" Gravitons a. The meaning of this thought requires reading some parts of his book more or less, which is why the term should not be adequately explained here, but only used.

The "graviton" is the suggestion of an answer to the question: when does a reduction of the deterministic wave function to a concrete state take place, that is, when does the wave function "collapse" into a state? When is a quant forced to do so for one to decide from theoretically very many permitted (more or less probable) locations, impulses, energy states, etc.?

This question is also answered differently by well-known scientists. Some say: "whenever a conscious mind wants to carry out an observation" (Copenhagen interpretation), others say "whenever there is a sufficiently large interaction with matter". Penrose says: "... as soon as the difference between the gravitational fields of the various alternatives reaches the one-graviton level".

When quantum particles are emitted by a lamp, only those are initially planted Probability waves away. This is done according to principles that can be clearly defined using a formula. Whether or not the particle actually exists as matter during this process is completely irrelevant. Each probability wave provides various possible locations of the quant as a result. If you look at the probability waves of all quantum particles in their entirety, you will quickly find a wealth of possible combinations of locations of the quanta. And between two arrangements of possible quantum whereabouts one can specify a value as to the extent to which the gravitational fields caused differ. When the greatest difference between two possible combinations reaches a certain value - the graviton - then all quanta are forced to materialize for a moment, to decide on a state. Then the game with the probability waves begins again.

So: the bigger the graviton, the more Alternatives and variants can arise between two concrete states. Perhaps the consciousness sucks precisely these not yet concretized states from this world, presents them to the otherworldly will for assessment, and this then decides exactly where the quanta have to materialize. The consciousness would then be coupled to the unstable superimposed quantum states, as suggested by the physicist Henry P. Stapp in his book "Mind, Matter, and Quantum Mechanics".

The bigger the graviton
is, the more alternatives the otherworldly has to assess between two decision rounds. This means more work, but could also be more productive due to particularly interesting alternatives. However, this creates many alternative developments in the universe that the otherworldly does not initially influence.

The smaller the graviton is, the more often the otherworldly has to deal with this world, but the fewer alternatives he has to assess per round. Overall, he leads the individual development steps on a slightly shorter leash.

Figuratively speaking, the situation can be expressed as follows: If our here world is a computer simulation that the otherworldly has initiated with a certain goal and with which he wants or can occupy himself as little as possible, then the graviton is a measure of how much the otherworldly does Simulation leaves to itself. The smaller the graviton, the more often it deals with this world, the larger the graviton, the less often it deals with us.

Maybe he fits the measure of the graviton as Nature "constant" even the success of the current simulation. The more things go according to his will in the universe, the less he has to worry about it, the greater he adjusts the graviton. The fact that natural constants could be changeable, especially in the context of cosmology and the consideration of the states shortly after the big bang, is repeatedly considered.

I would like to share these considerations with the Thesis on the natural constants conclude: Natural constants such as Planck's quantum of action are adjusted in such a way that the physical conditions for the creation of efficient, complex and intelligent systems are given in this world. On the other hand, some of them control the degree of interaction between the hereafter and this world and the intensity with which the hereafter deals with this world.