What are the best search engines for events

Anonymous search engines Search without a snoop

Whether Google, Yahoo! or Bing: They all want our private data and save practically everything that they can find out about us. Privacy? Usually nothing more than an empty marketing phrase. And yet Google has a market share of over 90 percent in Germany. There have long been free alternatives that do without data collection.

Unlike Google, the Dutch search engine Startpage by Ixquick does not store the user's IP address (which can be used to clearly identify the user), the browser used or the actual search query. The request is also encrypted using the particularly secure Perfect Forward Secrecy method. This ensures that no other websites and not even the NSA can track surfing behavior. Ixquick's servers are partly located in the USA, but the company assures that it will only route search queries from Europe via European servers. It doesn't really get much more anonymous.

The search is also convincing: Startpage is based on the anonymized results from Google. The site delivers top-notch search results.

"Search anonymously, find instantly" is the motto of DuckDuckGo and that means: Like Startpage, the site does not save any search results, no IP address or the browser used. Here, too, the data that is generated after a search query is encrypted using the particularly secure Perfect Forward Secrecy method. Again: Top marks - with a little aftertaste: DuckDuckGo is a US company and also runs on US servers. The strong encryption should prevent data from getting into the hands of NSA and co.

That with the "find instantly" also works very well: The search results from DuckDuckGo can keep up with those from Google, even when searching for images and news. Only when it comes to the video search is there still a bit of a problem.

Colorful colors, data protection and social media: the French search engine Qwant 2014 has been available in German since July 2017. Qwant looks better than all other anonymous search engines, delivers first-class search results and shines with its search categories, such as "social media". Qwant sees itself as a European alternative to Google, but indexes the network itself. And like Google, Qwant offers to create an account - for which you have to give up anonymity. The site also advertises that the search results are not personalized and that you can finally get out of the filter bubble. A side effect that all other anonymous search engines also have.

It doesn't look quite as cute when it comes to data protection: Qwant co-founder Eric LĂ©andri promises that "we do not collect any personal data at all." However, all details remain vague: "Cookies for commercial purposes" would be blocked - but the site itself creates session cookies. Only the vulnerable HTTPS protocol is used for encryption. There is no information on how to deal with IP addresses.

Decentralized is better: The German search engine YaCy takes a completely different path than the rest of the search engine business and saves the software and the search index decentrally on the hard drive of each user instead of on central company servers. The collected data cannot be viewed centrally anywhere.

Before the first search you have to download, install and configure YaCy - you should bring a few basic network skills with you. Several users can then be connected for a search query. But that also means: How good the search results are depends on how many YaCy users are online. Because an index alone is never enough to get satisfactory search results. At the moment there is still room for improvement.

MetaGer is a German meta search engine that generates its results from around 20 to 30 other search engines. No user data is stored, the IP address is anonymized, the search is encrypted - but only using the HTTPS protocol, which is susceptible to attacks. After all: The servers are in Germany and MetaGer is therefore subject to the relatively strict German data protection law.

The search engine is operated in cooperation with the University of Hanover - and also looks a bit like a university. At least the search results should fit there - but they don't always do. There is no video search at all. With the further development of Metager² it looks even sadder.

Broadcast: Circle of Friends, July 18, 2017 - from 10 a.m.