Why should North Korea have nuclear weapons
North Korea and the atomic bombKim's life insurance
They belong to every parade in Pyongyang: battalions of soldiers with rucksacks with the yellow and black atom symbol emblazoned on them. Nobody knows what's in there, but the message is clear: We have the bomb.
If you follow the propaganda, North Korea has had the most dangerous weapon in the world for some time. In the latest version of the state constitution from 2012, the country describes itself as a "nuclear power". But this term is not clear. All experts assume that North Korea is working on different types of nuclear weapons, but they are probably not yet usable.
Above all, there is a lack of the appropriate launcher. Put simply: the bomb is far too big to drop over the sea. That's why all the tests. Their purpose is to coordinate the warhead and missile so that they can reach the intended target with pinpoint accuracy.
Ky Cheong Jong, Pyongyang's ambassador to India, gave a concise answer to what North Korea needs the bomb for. In June the diplomat said: "Korea is a small country with an area of around 220,000 square kilometers. So you could say that such a small country does not need such dangerous weapons of mass destruction. But for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, having nuclear weapons is essential - to secure our existence. "
In reality, North Korea is much smaller. The ambassador has included South Korea at the same time. The halving of the country at the 38th parallel was the result of the Korean War in continuation of the Second World War. The former Soviet Union and China wanted to include the entire Korean peninsula in communist power, and the United States slowed the advance at the last minute.
The partisan leader Kim Il Sung became president in the north. He had fought against the Japanese occupiers and then joined the Soviet Army. Now Moscow installed him as regent in Pyongyang. Kim Il Sung, the grandfather of Kim Jong Un and founder of the family dynasty, invented the Juche ideology, which is still valid today - a concept of absolute self-sufficiency.
His son and successor Kim Jong Il supplemented and narrowed this approach to the slogan "military first". Kim Jong Un, the third Kim, referred to both of them in his speech at the 7th Congress of the North Korean Workers' Party on May 8, 2016:
"The Party Congress is a historic opportunity to mark a milestone in the struggle to consolidate and develop the glorious party linked to the ideology of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il and to complete the great achievements of socialism In the 7th year of the Congress, the military and the people celebrated great success in testing a hydrogen bomb and placing a space satellite. "
USA should stop major maneuvers
What appears to be a straight line development has in truth been shaken to its foundations several times. The collapse of the Soviet Union, the alliance with China, the massive famine in the 1990s, which ultimately led to the flourishing of market economy structures and extensive corruption, all of this brought movement into the allegedly so firmly established realm of the Kims.
However, the concept of total containment was never given up, but only suspended if necessary. When the USA succeeded in negotiating a moratorium to stop the North Korean nuclear program in 1994, the acute danger even seemed to have been averted. But then, in 2001, US President George W. Bush cursed Kim Jong Il as a "pygmy" and declared North Korea a "rogue state".
Clear signals that were underlined by the killing of despots such as Saddam Hussein and Muammar al-Gaddafi. All of this illustrated those in power in North Korea what can happen - without nuclear deterrence. They had long since bought the building plans from Pakistan. Abdul Khadir Khan was considered the "father of the Muslim nuclear weapon" and chief developer of the Pakistani bomb. With its help, North Korea created its first atomic explosion on October 9, 2006.
Eleven years - and six nuclear tests - later, Kim Jong-us, Ambassador to India, says: "Under certain conditions we can talk about freezing nuclear tests and missile tests. If, for example, the US stops its major maneuvers in the region. Whether temporarily or completely. Then could we talk about such a moratorium? "
Korean war would be a nuclear war
Knowing full well that this is unthinkable under the current administration in Washington. North Korea's Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho said four weeks ago that his country was - so literally - a "responsible nuclear power". It has no intention of attacking or threatening any country with nuclear weapons except the US unless it takes part in US military actions against North Korea.
A year ago, dictator Kim had already made an offer that Western observers were delighted with at the time: As soon as North Korea was recognized as a nuclear power, he would be ready to negotiate disarmament. Perhaps a somewhat exaggerated formulation, but it shows what Kim is all about: to be recognized and to be invulnerable.
Ambassador Kyiv describes the alternative very clearly: "A war in Korea would definitely be a nuclear war - with dire consequences. We should therefore prevent such a war by all means."
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