How can I meet the Indian Prime Minister

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(The foreign-language part was recorded using simultaneous interpretation.)

PM Modi: Chancellor Merkel, dear members of the German press, dear members of the delegation, dear members of my cabinet, dear friends, good afternoon! It is a great pleasure for me to welcome Chancellor Merkel and her delegation here in India. Ms. Merkel is one of the leaders who have been in office the longest not only in Europe, but also in the world as a whole. I am happy to say that she is a friend of India and also a personal friend to me. Over the past decade and a half she has made an important contribution to strengthening relations between India and Germany, and I would like to take this opportunity to thank her very warmly.

We had the fifth meeting today, the fifth government consultations between our two countries, and I am very pleased that I had the opportunity to attend three of these biennial meetings with the Chancellor. Thanks to this unique mechanism, this unique institution, we have succeeded in improving our cooperation in almost all areas. The documents that we were able to jointly sign here today show that very clearly, and I am very pleased that there is such far-reaching strategic cooperation between India and the Federal Republic of Germany and that this has made progress in all areas, and above all in the field of high technology.

Dear friends, in 2022 India will celebrate the 75th year of its independence. By then we will have achieved our goal of building a new India. I think we have been able to fulfill the task of having such an economic power, such a technical force as Germany as a partner, and we want to concentrate on improving our cooperation in this area - especially in the area of ​​high technology, artificial intelligence , the promotion of skills, vocational training, in the field of cybersecurity, in the field of electromobility, fuel cells, smart cities, inland waterways, coastal management, the cleaning of our rivers and also environmental protection. All of these are areas where we have new ways of working together, and our decision is that we want to continue working together in all of these areas. I think we will be able to make further progress, especially in the area of ​​climate protection and the fight against climate change.

Trade and investment are other areas on which we want to concentrate and in which we above all want to involve and promote the private sector. The Chancellor and I will also speak to some of the leaders in our respective economies. We want Germany to actually be able to seize the opportunities that are opening up here - for example in Uttar Pradesh, but also in Tamil Nadu, especially in the defense sector.

Dear friends, Germany and we share values ​​such as democracy and the rule of law. Because of this, and because of that fact, we agree on some of the most serious challenges the world faces today. We will be able to deepen the discussions on these topics later and also this evening, especially with regard to extremism and terrorism. We are trying to strengthen our bilateral and multilateral cooperation in this area in particular, also with regard to export control regimes, but also our cooperation in large international organizations to which we both belong. With regard to this question, we hope that the Federal Government can support us both in the United Nations and in other international organizations so that we can continue the reforms that are also necessary in these international organizations. We will continue to push this forward.

Your Excellency, the future of relations between our two countries is a bright future, and I would therefore like to thank you once again very much for having shown yourself to be such a capable politician in the leadership of your country and also in our cooperation. Thank you very much!

BK'in Merkel: Dear Prime Minister, dear Narendra Modi, I am delighted to be in India again today for the 5th government consultations. On behalf of all government representatives, I would like to thank my Indian colleagues and you personally for the friendly reception.

Our two countries have strategic and, as I may say, friendly relations. I learned and experienced a great deal about India at our meetings, although you can't learn enough because India is something of a continent with so many different cultures and traditions. In view of the vastness of the country, our visit is just a flying visit, so to speak.

But the signed memoranda show the extent to which we are working together. The final declaration that we adopted shows that again. The areas in which we want to work together are mentioned there. These are the areas of artificial intelligence and digital transformation. India has great potential, especially in the area of ​​digitization. But the development is also going very quickly towards 5G applications. Artificial intelligence challenges us. If we can work together there, that would be very good.

Then of course it's about investment, trade, innovation and knowledge. Here you can say that our economic relations have certainly increased, but they could be even more intensive. I would like to expressly praise the fact that, because we have a point of contact with you, we were also able to resolve business investment cases very quickly where we had difficulties. We have already been able to help in many specific cases. Because your claim to develop India into a modern industrial nation - "Make in India" is a thing that we have understood very well since India was the guest country at the Hanover Fair - is also expressed with great power and with great emphasis enforced.

There are issues of education and research collaboration. We look back on a long tradition here. After all, 20,000 Indians study in Germany. There could be more. We want to exchange teachers, especially in the area of ​​vocational training, so that we can then use the right educational methods. In any case, this is a large area of ​​our cooperation.

We would like to be involved in your major infrastructure projects that you have your eye on in order to further develop India.

We want to work closely together in the field of sustainable development and climate protection. There are many, many areas, both in the environmental area in general, in terms of waste management, in terms of pure water, and in terms of climate issues. India has comparatively low CO2 emissions, but future industrial development must of course be as sustainable as possible. The fact that you already have 74 gigawatts of renewable energies in India is something that you have always brought forward. I can only congratulate you on this.

We want to bring people together. This morning I met with representatives from women's organizations who work in very different areas. I think there is still a lot that can be done, especially in the area of ​​equality. We can continue to work closely together in the future when it comes to women and employment, childcare, women and careers in science.

We will also have the opportunity in various areas - football has just been mentioned here, but also the area of ​​the exchange of cultural goods - to get to know people and their respective cultures better. Germany can still learn a lot from this, because Indian culture is not as well known as it should be.

A large area is the agricultural cooperation, also with the means of digitization. There are many Indian farmers. A large proportion of the people work in agriculture. I heard it's almost 50 percent. If you consider that there are 1 to 2 percent of employees in Germany, you can see what difference we still have in terms of technology. I believe we can make a good contribution with our experience, especially when it comes to the loss of agricultural products.

We brought a business delegation with us, which this time consists primarily of medium-sized companies that want to get involved in India. In other words, there is a firm will to be part of a growing market in India and also to guarantee support, but also to turn it into win-win situations. Because we want to benefit from each other in the economic area in particular and learn from each other in the state areas - whether it is the defense industry, internal security, cyber defense, etc., i.e. the entire broad spectrum. Thank you to everyone who helped make it possible for us to have such a good final statement today.

Thanks for your hospitality! We'll have a few more opportunities to meet today. I want to remind you: Mahatma Gandhi was born 150 years ago. I was able to lay a wreath today and I am happy to be able to visit his house this afternoon. With his peaceful revolution he has inspired many people around the world. The fact that I can stand here today has to do with the fact that 30 years ago, on November 9th, a wall fell in Berlin, or rather: it rose. That could also be achieved in a peaceful way. In this respect, these are traditions that both of us - India and Germany - can be proud of.