What is the social stratification in Nigeria

Class formation in rural Nigeria: the example of savanna farmers in Nupeland

Class formation in rural Nigeria: the example of peasants in the guinea savanna of Nupeland
La formation de classe dans les régions rurale du Nigeria - le cas des paysans Nupe dans la zone de la savane guinéenne du Nigéria
[Monograph]

Corporate editor
GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz Institute for Global and Regional Studies, Institute for Africa Customers

Abstract

The increasing number of African small-holders who cannot dispose over the necessary resources to cover even their basic needs has been growing to alarming dimensions since the Nigerian oil boom of the 1970s. Contrary to widespread views the increasing poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa is due less to na ... more

The increasing number of African small-holders who cannot dispose over the necessary resources to cover even their basic needs has been growing to alarming dimensions since the Nigerian oil boom of the 1970s. Contrary to widespread views the increasing poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa is due less to natural but to social constraints of development. The focus of this study is on socio-economic stratification and class-relations, because one major cause of the marginalization of the African peasantry is considered to be the differentiation process within the peasantry itself. The underlying thesis of emerging rural-capitalist relations of production in Africa has been backed by three lines of argumentation: First, by a critical review of literature on class-concepts concerning Africa and on methods to measure social stratification in the countryside. Second, by an empirical analysis over two years of the origins of rural class-formation in Nupeland or Bida Emirate, Northern Nigeria, in pre- and post-colonial times. And third, by a survey of the socio-economic stratification among peasants in four Nupe villages in 1975/76, backed by econometric analysis .... less


The growing number of African smallholders who do not have the resources to even meet their basic needs has reached alarming proportions since the Nigerian oil boom of the 1970s. Contrary to popular belief, increasing poverty in Sub-Saharan ... more

The growing number of African smallholders who do not have the resources to even meet their basic needs has reached alarming proportions since the Nigerian oil boom of the 1970s. Contrary to popular belief, increasing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa is less due to natural and more to social obstacles to development. The focus of this study is on socio-economic stratification and class relations, as a main reason for the marginalization of the African peasantry is the differentiation process within the peasantry itself. The underlying thesis of the emerging rural-capitalist production relations in Africa is supported by three lines of argument: First, by a critical literature research on class concepts about Africa and on methods for measuring social stratification in rural areas. Second, through an empirical two-year analysis of the origins of rural class formation in Nupeland, or in the Bida emirate, northern Nigeria, in the period before and after the colonial era. And thirdly through an investigation of the socio-economic stratification among farmers in four Nupedörfern 1975/76, supported by econometric analyzes .... less


Le nombre croissant de petits propriétaires africains qui ne peuvent plus disposer sur les ressources nécessaires pour couvrir même leurs besoins fondamentaux a augmenté à l’échelle alarmante depuis le boom pétrolier Nigérian des années 1970. Contrairement aux répandues ... more

Le nombre croissant de petits propriétaires africains qui ne peuvent plus disposer sur les ressources nécessaires pour couvrir même leurs besoins fondamentaux a l'échelle alarmante depuis le boom pétrolier Nigérian des années subscriber 1970. Contrairement aux péparante Afrépandique due moins aux contraintes naturelles maize maize aux contraintes sociales au développement. Cette étude porte sur la stratification socio-économique et les relations de classe, car une cause majeure de marginalization de la paysannerie africaine est considérée comme le processus de différenciation au sein de la paysannerie elle-même. La thèse sous-jacente des relations émergentes rurales-capitalistes de production en Afrique a été soutenue par trois lignes d'argumentation: d'abord, par une critique de la littérature sur les concepts de classe concernant l'Afrique et sur les méthodes de mesure de la stratification sociale in la campagne. Deuxièmement, par une analyze des origines de la formation des classes rurales en Nupeland, c'est-à-dire dans l'Emirat de Bida, au nord du Nigéria, à l'époque pré-et post-coloniale. Et troisièmement, par un sondage sur la stratification socio-économique des paysans dans quatre villages de Nupe en 1975/76, soutenu par une analyze économétrique .... less

Thesaurus keywords
Nigeria; West Africa; Africa southern of the Sahara; rural area; Rural population; Village; Poverty; social class; social stratification; socio-economic situation; Social structure; social relationships; Social Development; agricultural development; historical development; Developing country

classification
Ethnology, cultural anthropology, ethnosociology
Social history, historical social research
General sociology, macro-sociology, special theories and schools, development and history of sociology

Free keywords
Class formation; Nupeland; Agricultural development

Language document
German

Year of publication
1982

Place of publication
Hamburg

Page reference
XIII, 365 pp.

Series of publications
Work from the Institut für Afrika-Kunde, 42

ISBN
3-923519-48-6

status
Release version; appraised (peer reviewed)

License
Creative Commons - Attribution, Noncommercial, Share Alike 4.0