How is used in a sentence

Conditional sentences, type II - formation, use, examples

1. Use

when a condition is called and this only theoretically achievable is (unlikely)

2. Education

if sentencemain clause
Simple pastwould + infinitive
could + infinitive
might + infinitive

3. Examples

if sentencemain clause
If I studied,
I would learn *
I would pass the exams.
would I pass the exams.
If I studied,
I would learn *
I could pass the exams.
couldI pass the exams.
If I studied,
I would learn *
I might pass the exams.
couldImaybepass the exams.

* This partial sentence can also be reproduced in German like this:

  • If i would learn
  • If i would learn

The example sentence is often translated as follows:

If I studied, I would pass the exams.
When i learn would, would I pass the exams.

In this translation, the word appears before the comma as well as after it would. The would The comma is only used as an alternative to emphasize the theoretical possibility, but it is actually ungrammatical.

4. Notes

Always pay attention to where the if sentence is (at the beginning - or at the end). Note the comma after the if-clause.

if sentencemain clause
If I studied,I would pass the exams.
main clauseif sentence
I would pass the examsif I studied.

Note: The colors used in the if clauses are only used for visual differentiation.