What is the height of the French hypocrisy

1806 - 1814 | Erfurt under French occupation

1806

(October 17th) After the defeat of Prussia in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt, the fortress of Erfurt is handed over to the French troops without a fight. The military units enter the city in close columns through the Johannestor.

1807

(March 2) Friedrich Nehrlich, later Nerly, an important landscape painter of his time, was born in Erfurt.

1807

(August 4th) By a decree of Napoleon I, Erfurt and Blankenhain are declared a “domaine réservé à l’empereur”, an imperial domain, by taking possession of them “en son nom personnel”.

1807

(23 July) Napoleon comes to Erfurt for the first time while traveling from the East Prussian theater of war to France. Further stays: one year later at the Erfurt Prince Congress, for a few hours on December 5, 1812 on the way to Paris after the failure in Russia, from April 25 to April 28, 1813 at the beginning of the campaign in Germany, from April 22 to October 25, 1813 after the Battle of Leipzig.

1808

The Prince's Congress will take place in Erfurt from September 27th to October 14th. Emperor Alexander I of Russia and most of the German princes of the Rhine Confederation come to Erfurt, which becomes a center of European politics for two weeks.

1808

(September 27th) The magistrate and deputies of the Erfurt citizenship receive Napoleon I in front of the Brühler Tor and symbolically hand him the city key. His residence will be the government building (government building at Hirschgarten). On the same day Napoleon I received Alexander I of Russia near Linderbach between Erfurt and Weimar. As the bells ring, the two rulers enter the city. Alexander I. moves into quarters in the house of the manufacturer Triebel, Anger 6.

1808

(October 2nd) Napoleon I receives Goethe in the government building for a conversation and greets him with the words: "Vous êtes un homme - you are a (great) man". The focus of conversation is literature and French theater.

1808

(October 10) Christoph Martin Wieland is invited to an audience with Napoleon.

1808

(October 12) After numerous talks between Napoleon I and Alexander I, an alliance treaty is signed between France and Russia. However, the secret agreements are subsequently not kept.

1808

The “Erfurt Apothecary Crown”, one of the first modern German pharmacists' associations, is founded by the professor of chemistry Christian Friedrich Buchholz and the pharmacist Johann Bartholomäus Trommsdorff.

1809

The Vitikirche in the government street at the corner of Lange Brücke, next to the inn “Zum Schlehendorn” (later “Zum Stadtkrug”), which existed in the 13th century, is being demolished. In 1509, during the "Great Year", the Obervierherr Heinrich Kellner hid here.

1809

Introduction of a paving fee for non-resident horses and for the maintenance of the pavement by order of the French authorities.

1809

Introduction of uniform street lighting in the city by order of the French authorities.

1810

The Benedictine Church at the west entrance of the Krämerbrücke, privately owned since 1807, is being lifted and torn down. The demolition of the tower, without a crown since 1736, followed in 1896.

1810

The remaining parts of the former monastery library of the secularized Peterskloster are given to the University of Erfurt as a "gift" from Napoleon. After its dissolution, it will be merged with the former Boineburg library. Then part of the "Royal Library". Today all former monastery holdings that still remain in the city are owned by the city and regional library of the city of Erfurt.

1810

Dittelstedt receives the tower of the former Corpus Christi chapel on the Petersberg as an "imperial gift". The tower on the church of this parish has been carefully removed since then.

1810

The bells of St. Peter's Church will be auctioned to the highest bidder on the orders of the French domain authority.

1811

(March 20th) Erection of the so-called "Napoleon Column" on the Anger on the occasion of the birth of Napoleon's son. The erection of the obelisk takes place at the instigation of the French Domain Chamber, the costs must be borne by the city treasury. The approx. 20 m high column was destroyed by citizens of the city when the allied troops marched in in 1814.

1811

(August 1st) The community of Büßleben buys the large organ of the Peterskirche for their church.

1811

(August 14th and 15th) On the occasion of Napoleon's birthday party on August 15th there will be big celebrations, a high mass, a bird shooting and in the evening a musical academy held in the Barefoot Church, on the morning of the 16th there will be a performance of Haydn's “Creation ". The president of the imperial-royal chamber of finance and domains announced in a scruffy tone that connoisseurs would “strive to make the most glorious sacrifice of genius and talent for the most splendid and to combine the masterpiece of their performance with the first masterpieces of German musical art”. Goethe is among the audience at the evening concert. It is Goethe's last visit to Erfurt. Also on August 15, Goethe was elected a member of the Academy of Useful Sciences in Erfurt. Similar musical events are held on August 14 and 15, 1812, this time in the Predigerkirche and under the direction of Louis Spohr. On August 14, a round temple with a bust of Napoleon created by the Gotha sculptor Döll - a "monument to the creeping of some after-Germans", as the chronicler of Erfurt, Constantin Beyer, puts it - is inaugurated on a hill of the Steigers now called "Napoleonshöhe". On November 1, 1813, the temple was destroyed by Allied troops during the siege of the city.

1812

(December 15) Napoleon, hurrying ahead of his troops defeated in Russia, stays for a few hours in Erfurt on the way to Paris.

1813

The Petersberg Citadel is placed under siege on February 24th by an imperial order. On April 25th Napoleon inspected all fortifications in the city, especially those of the Petersberg and the Cyriaksburg.

1813

(March 17th) Anton Dominik Ritter von Fernkorn was born in Erfurt. After his apprenticeship in Munich, he worked in Vienna, where he became head of the newly established ore foundry. He is the creator among other things. of six imperial statues in the Speyer Cathedral as well as the equestrian statues of Prince Eugene and Archduke Karl on Heldenplatz in Vienna.

1813

All other burials in the city's churchyards are prohibited by an ordinance of the French Chamber of Finance and Domain Erfurt of June 26th. In front of the Johannestore (Johannesplatz) a central cemetery, the so-called "Cardinal's Spot", is set up. The order is lifted on December 9, 1816.

1813

After the fall of the Great Army in Russia, 1,000 conscripts were recruited on the basis of an imperial decree. Forced recruits and parts of the Erfurt population rose against the French occupation forces on July 19. Twenty people are arrested for "riot" and two sentenced to death by a French military tribunal.

1813

The grave slab of Count (Lambert II.?) Von Gleichen in St. Peter's Church, which depicts him with two women, will be excavated on August 19 and placed in the south aisle of the cathedral.

1813

(October 25) After the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig (October 16 to 19), the city is surrounded by a strong siege corps consisting of Prussian, Austrian and Russian troops under the command of Lieutenant General Friedrich von Kleist.

1813

(October 29th) The village of Daberstedt is burned down by the French in the evening.

1813

(November 6th) During the bombardment of the Petersberg Fortress, the district on the northern part of the Domplatz, parts of the fortifications and St. Peter's Church and the monastery buildings on the Petersberg are severely damaged.