Would you still recommend going to nursing

Training to become a nurse

How does the training as a nurse work?

The training to become a nurse takes three years. It is a school-based training with practical assignments. Clinics, hospitals, old people's homes or other social institutions can provide the training. You either apply to the company or to the school: It does not matter whether you are doing your training in a nursing school, a technical school for health professions, in a school for care for the elderly or for nursing. After all, all trainees do generalist nursing training. Theoretical phases at the school alternate with practical phases in various care facilities.

info: Officially, the nurse is a school-based training. Externally, however, the training meets all the requirements for a dual education: There is a training salary, in equal parts practice and theory, and the training is uniformly regulated nationwide.

What does a nurse learn during training?

In vocational school you learn the difference between the inpatient and outpatient care as well as the Acute and long-term care know - people who need support for the period of their recovery after an accident and then people who depend on support for the rest of their lives. You will also learn what to do with different groups of people have to be taken into account, as you will later work with children, injured and sick people, people with mental illnesses and handicaps, and the elderly. In the training framework plan, eleven learning fields are listed, which the trainees work on in a total of 1900 hours.

1st year of training

Basics for starting the apprenticeship:
In this learning field, the trainees are introduced to work in nursing. They reflect on their experiences and expectations in group discussions, try out patient contact in role plays and deal with the legal basis. They deal with the historical development and the social significance of the nursing professions as well as with the patient's right to self-determination.

Supporting patients with exercise and self-care:
The trainees get to know concepts for promoting physical activity - after all, a lack of physical activity often leads to a restriction of personal mobility. And that is one of the main reasons that a person becomes in need of care. In addition, the trainees acquire basic nursing skills such as personal hygiene, help with eating and observing vital functions. They are also trained in the documentation of the maintenance process.

Reflection on care experience:
Washing a sick person or helping them to eat - this is initially an unfamiliar situation for most nursing trainees. That is why there is an extra learning area in which the trainees share their experiences and in which they learn to deal professionally with their emotions.

1st to 3rd year of training

Health promotion and prevention:
In this learning area, the focus is on the topics of health promotion and prevention. For example, the trainees dealt with the causes of health inequalities in the population, they question their professional self-image and consider how they can stay healthy themselves. They also discuss the contradiction between the patient's self-determination and the carer's duty of care.

Curative processes and patient safety:
Curative means healing: In this learning field, trainees acquire specialist medical knowledge, for example in the field of surgery and internal medicine, in order to be able to make the correct nursing diagnoses. You will learn how to advise patients, how the care process is structured and how communication with doctors works. The timetable includes topics such as wound management, patient meetings and infection prevention.

Action in acute situations:
Nurses are often faced with situations that require urgent action, for example because a patient's life is threatened. They are prepared for such acute situations during their training. You learn to make decisions calmly and confidently. Socially sensitive issues such as organ donation or living wills are also discussed.

The aim of rehabilitation care is to enable patients to cope with everyday life independently. This is particularly relevant for people with chronic illnesses or after an accident. Nursing women and men provide information about rehabilitation offers and work closely with an interprofessional team made up of, for example, doctors, physiotherapists and occupational therapists.

Accompanying patients in the last phase of life:
The trainees learn to improve the quality of life of terminally ill patients and their families. It is primarily about measures to prevent and relieve pain. For example, the trainees discuss how to deal with the subject of death in the nursing school. You will acquire the basics of palliative medicine and learn how to support those affected emotionally.

Supporting patients in shaping their lives:
In this learning field, the trainees are brought closer to how to help people to be cared for to shape their lives individually. For example, there are leisure activities that patients could benefit from. In order to recognize this, the trainees include the life story and the social environment of the patient. Empathy, which is trained during the training, is important for this.

Care of children and adolescents:
Sick infants, children and adolescents may need different treatment than adults. That is why the trainees in this group devote themselves to their own learning area. You will also acquire knowledge in the areas of communication and counseling: How do you calm a toddler, how do you discuss treatment with a teenager, to what extent do you involve the parents? Such questions are clarified here.

Caring for patients with mental health problems:
Mental illnesses such as depression, addiction or dementia are widespread in the population. In this learning field, the trainees are prepared for dealing with sick people. Among other things, it is about protecting patients from themselves - just like the environment and ultimately also yourself as the caregiver.

How does the practical training work?

You will complete most of your practical training at your training company. Depending on the type of training company, you will automatically have a certain one in your training deepening: This can be inpatient long-term care in a nursing home, acute long-term care in a hospital or outpatient care for a nursing service. However, so that you can gain experience in all care areas, you also have assignments in other, external institutions. As a trainee in a hospital, you will also get to know work in outpatient nursing services, in retirement homes, in psychiatric care and caring for children and young people.

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