Should basic training be free

For soldiers, basic training marks the beginning of their careers.

Photo: © Bundeswehr / Torsten Kraatz

Common standard

The three-month basic training is essentially the same for soldiers in the various branches of the armed forces and organizational areas. Regardless of whether you opt for the air force, army, navy, medical service, armed forces base or cyber and information space, you will receive the same knowledge and the same content. Depending on which area you belong to, you will also acquire specific knowledge. The aim is to bring you and your comrades to a common level of training. The individual skills are taken into account. The point is that your entire platoon, i.e. a group of up to 50 recruits with the existing strengths and weaknesses, jointly acquire the "basic general military qualifications".

Daily personal hygiene is also carried out "outdoors".

Photo: © Bundeswehr / Martin Stollberg

The camaraderie

During your basic training you will be confronted with many situations that you have never experienced before. You will be faced with hurdles that you cannot overcome on your own. Be it the obstacle course, crossing bodies of water or long marches with luggage and equipment. These very situations reveal a central element of soldier life that you have probably not yet experienced in this form - camaraderie.

Soldiers have to be fit and should therefore train regularly.

Photo: © Bundeswehr / Mario Bähr



The main focus of basic training - fitness

The physical demands of the soldier's profession are high. Accordingly, a minimum level of physical performance is required of soldiers in basic training. At the beginning and at the end of the basic training, this is checked in the so-called basic fitness test, in which you can show in three disciplines whether and how your performance has improved during the three months in the best case. The interplay of weight training and endurance is the key to success here.

Weapon training is an important part of basic training.

Photo: © Bundeswehr / Sebastian Wilke

Doctrine of shot

Of course, you will also learn how to safely handle the handguns of the Bundeswehr. The focus is on the G36 rifle and the P8 pistol. It is important to know about the technical characteristics of the weapons. First you practice the exact sequence of shooting. Only when you have internalized this will you fire live ammunition. Because whoever has not mastered the "theory of shooting" is allowed to watch as much as possible on the shooting range.

Political education

As a soldier, in addition to physical fitness and good results on the shooting range, it is just as important to deal with political issues and to always be "up to date". In addition to long days in the forest or on the sports field, you will also sit in the lecture hall again and again and learn, among other things, which special rights and obligations await you as a fresh soldier, what it means to be a “citizen in uniform” and how you behave correctly as such.


First aid and medical service

In an emergency, every soldier must be able to provide first aid. The importance of this can be seen in the duration of the training. A whole week of pure training takes place on realistic case studies. Here you will learn, among other things, how to properly treat various wounds under time pressure and how to function in a team.


Formal service

You can't imagine anything under formal service yet? It doesn't matter. For the soldier profession, everyday things are on the agenda, such as the military salute, the correct report to the superiors, learning the ranks or the correct behavior when marching.

In the field, the recruits learn, among other things, to orientate themselves with a map and compass.

Photo: © Bundeswehr / Sebastian Wilke

In terrain

Partly loved, partly hated by the soldiers: off-road days. Whether it's just a fire in the winter forest, instead of the warm heating in the room, orientate yourself with a compass instead of your mobile phone or march with a 15kg backpack instead of a jute bag over your shoulder - in the bivouac you will and are pushed to your physical limits Dependent on yourself and your comrades. Here your newly learned skills will be put to the test as a team if you spend at least one night together in the forest. Then it's time to dig positions, pitch tents, make fires and night shooting - don't forget: You could be attacked at any time and you have to be vigilant. Here you are sure to learn something for life!


Have you become curious and can even imagine experiencing an intense and exciting 3 months to get to know the Bundeswehr? Do you want to feel what true camaraderie means and what it does to you? Maybe then the voluntary military service would be something for you. You have the choice and can get to know the Bundeswehr in a period of between seven and 23 months.

Before you start basic training: Prepare yourself well!

In the basic training you will be taught all the basics that you need for your military career. Good preparation is the be-all and end-all. The better prepared you are, the easier it will be afterwards. So if you also want to prepare for your basic training, you will find some tips here. To get started right away, get used to going jogging or doing push-ups on a regular basis!

You are also well prepared if you regularly visit our website for information about the Bundeswehr!