Is there still a Spanish Morocco






Overview


Sidi Ifni
is a city in southwest Morocco and about 168 kilometers from Agadir. The city is on Atlantic ocean and belongs to Souss-Massa-Draâ region. Sidi Ifni has also been the administrative capital of the province of the same name since 2009. The Moroccan coastal city is nicknamed "Gateway to the Sahara " (porte du Sahara), which is closer to the area annexed by Morocco Western Sahara is meant. The Western Sahara is a territory on the Atlantic coast of northwest Africa, which after the withdrawal of the former Colonial power Spain of Morocco was claimed and largely annexed. The population of Sidi Ifni is around 20,000, although the number of people has been falling again since 2010.


port


in the small port the city is one Number of fishing trawlersthat ensure a modest livelihood for those employed in this branch. Sidi Ifni is pretty much at the end of the world, only a few tourists get lost here. Most of those who visit this city come with the Camper on and come from France. But also some Spanish tourists are to be found here, they probably want the sites of the past than Sidi Ifni still part of Spanish Morocco was to seek out. The city has changed after Withdrawal of the Spanish military 1969 not changed much. There are still Spanish street names that keep the memory of times past alive.


Art deco style


Some time afterwards, some buildings fell into disrepair very quickly due to the climate and lack of maintenance. However, the Moroccan government realized this and had most of the buildings renovated and repaired. Today the houses are used for other purposes and are part of the decades long shared history of Spain and Morocco in this region. In the cityscape, the architectural style in the former falls immediately spanish quarter on, as the houses in the so-called Art deco style (French, abbreviation of arts décoratifs, roughly: "decorating arts") were established. There are many fine examples of this style of architecture in the city. The former, for example, has been very nicely renovated Palace of the Spanish Governor (formerly Palacio Real) and that old City Hall (Antiguo ayuntamiento), over which now the Moroccan flag blows.


Old buildings


Also the park on the former Plaza de España (today: Place Hassan II.) is still there. In the middle of the park stands a monumentwhich was built by the Spaniards. It showed the bust of the Spanish General Osvaldo Capaz, the founder of Sidi Ifni in 1934. The bust was removed after the Spanish military left in 1969. Even the former Santa Cruz Catholic Church is still in its place - it is in it today Court of Sidi Ifni. The building of the is also visible from afar Lighthousewhich is still in operation today. The earlier one is in the immediate vicinity Spanish Consulate with the paymaster's building. All doors and windows are bricked up and the building is left to decay. The Spanish coat of arms is still clearly recognizable as a national emblem above the main entrance of the consulate.



Furthermore, the one founded by the Spaniards is also hospital still in his place - with the same tasks, of course. Existed on the outskirts of the city two barracksone of which is still in use today - the Moroccan military has now moved here. One too Airfield there used to be here, which of course mainly served military connections. Almost all flights led to the neighboring ones Canary Islands- metropolitan Spain. Even Generalissimo Franco arrived here and attended a military parade. The airport had a tower and a terminal, and the runway for take-off and landing can still be seen. The site is to be built over today. A citizens' initiative that fears that this is resisting Sidi Ifni loses touch with the abandonment of the airport site.


Vacation in Sidi Ifni

  • Vacation in Sidi Ifni

    The approach to Sidi Ifni was via Tiznit and from here via the southwest of the city to Moussa d'Aglou - the Aglou beach, especially popular with surfers. It's rather quiet here and I ...

history


Today's Sidi Ifni got his name at the City foundation by the Spanish General Osvaldo Capaz in the Year 1934, who occupied the region in March 1934, when Spain get back to his Property in the southwest of Morocco remembered and stationed two garrisons here. The first Spanish establishment in this one Area of ​​Morocco followed a little further south 1476, as the governor of the Canary Islands, the Spaniard Diego de García Herrera (in the 20th century a street in Sidi Ifni was named after him) one Base for slave hunts and fishing here and founded him Santa Cruz del Mar Pequeña called. Although Santa Cruz del Mar Pequeña back then by its Spanish conquerors at once with one fortress was secured, this fell after various uprisings on the part of the local population of the Ait Baamrane tribe Already about 50 years later back in their hands.


Spanish West Africa


The Spaniards gave up the place and it was subsequently forgotten. A Spanish-Moroccan treaty of 1767Its content was confirmed by a later one from 1860, Spain entered an erroneously different territory as a result of the Tangier Treaties from which starting Spain Fishing and fish trade could operate. In 1884 this area became Spanish colony. Only in 20th century under Dictator Franco this place became one in 1934 military base converted and the City of Sidi Ifni founded. This new city should be the political center Spanish West Africa become and the Spaniards as a military garrison serve.



In 1946 the Seaside town of Sidi Ifni, the capital of the enclave, to the seat of a central administration for Spanish West Africa made. The 1956 Spanish-Moroccan Treaties created an area of ​​15,000 square miles in the north of the territory of the Spanish Sahara to Morocco. This area is under the Name Tarfaya known today as Tarfaya Province. But Sidi Ifni remained in Spanish hand due to the Tangier Treaties. In November 1957 - two years after gaining independence from France - fighting broke out between the Moroccan Army and the Spanish troops out. These were considerably strengthened and were able to hold their positions for a total of twelve more years.


UN resolution 2072


The Sidi Ifni area has been spanish province under the authority of the military Commander of the Canary Islands. Sidi Ifni had its own postage stamps, at times over 60,000 people lived in this region. Morocco intervened with the U.N. and denounced the Spanish control Moroccan territory at. In 1965 the UN General Assembly in New Yorkthat Spain the areas of Sidi Ifni region at Morocco must return. On January 4, 1969 between Spain and Morocco an agreement (Treaties of Fez) signed in which Sidi Ifni at Morocco has been assigned. In return, Spain received the Fishing rights before the Old Atlantic coast of Morocco. From June 30, 1969, the withdrawal of the Spanish troops took place. In Sidi Ifni only a few Spaniards remained. Gained a certain fame here Maria Guomez, called Maria, who was the last Spaniard only in 2001 in Sidi Ifni passed away. [1]


literature


Lots Spanish authors have dedicated themselves to this topic in their recent history and tried to address this Part of Spanish expansion policy to work up. Title like "Una tumba sobre Ifni - A grave in Ifni "by Juana Maria Gonzàles Martinez and Rafael Garcia Jimènez,"Tiradores de Ifni - Riflemen in Ifni "by Vicente Bataller Alventosa,"La Guerra de Ifni (1957-1958) - The Ifni War "by Rafael Garcia Jimènez,"Los ùltimos de Àfrica - Crònica la presencia española en el continente africano "by Pablo de Dalmases, La Legión española en la guerra de Ifni-Sahara (1988) by Gerardo Marinas Romero and "Santa Cruz del Mar Pequeña Ifnia - Sahara"by Tomas Garcia Figueras are just a few examples of the numerous publications on Colonization of Spain in Africa and specifically on the recent history of Sidi Ifni.


Source:


1.: The information on the Story of Sidi Ifni are based on the article Sidi Ifni (12.03.2011) and come with the photos "Leghzira Beach - Author: Ifni95 "-"Map of the former Spanish colonial areas In and Outside Morocco - Author: Cradel "From the Free Encyclopedia Wikipedia and are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A list of the authors is available on Wikipedia. The photo files are subject to the Creative CommonsAttribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported and may be passed on under their conditions.