How can I successfully blackmail the Batman

The Batman

Who is batman

Batman is the self-proclaimed protector of the metropolis Gotham City, he fights against the everyday crime and corruption of his hometown. To protect his identity, his health and to intimidate his opponents, he uses modern body protection in the form of a bat.
In his secret identity he is Bruce Wayne, billionaire, industrialist and notorious playboy, at least he gives the latter the appearance. Bruce Wayne is the offspring of one of the world's wealthiest families, whose idyllic childhood came to an abrupt end when his parents were murdered in front of his eyes by a criminal one night.
Bruce Wayne swore to avenge them and continues to use his billion dollar fortune to fight crime in Gotham City. Although Batman has no superhuman powers, he is one of the world's smartest and most intelligent men, as well as one of the most skilled and experienced fighters of his time. His physical abilities and technical ingenuity make him an unpredictable and forward-looking opponent to his diverse enemies.

Batman in his classic outfit.

Batman wanted poster

Surname:Batman, The Batman, Bat-Man
Bourgeois name:Bruce Wayne
Origin:human
Hair color:black
Eye color:blue
Size: 187 cm
Weight: 95 kg
Place of birth:Crest Hill, Bristol Township in Gotham County, New Jersey
Batman's birthday:February 19 (according to DC calendar 1976)
Weakness: vulnerable
Nationality: United States
Job:Wayne Enterprises / Philanthropist CEO
Status: single
Denomination:Christian
Parents:Thomas Wayne, Martha Wayne; murdered on June 26 at 10:47 p.m. on Park Row, later Crime Alley
Relationship:
  • Richard John “Dick” Grayson (adopted son)
  • Timothy "Tim" Drake (adopted son)
  • Alfred Thaddeus Crane Pennyworth (former legal guardian)
  • Philip Wayne (uncle)
  • Harriet (aunt)
  • Patrick Alan Morgan Wayne (grandfather, deceased)
  • Kenneth Wayne (grand-grandfather, deceased)
  • Laura Elizabeth Wayne (grand-grandmother; deceased)
  • Alan Wayne (great-grand-grandfather; deceased)
  • Solomon Zebediah Wayne (great-great-grand-grandfather; deceased)
  • Dorothea Wayne (great-great-grand-grandmother; deceased)
  • Charles Arwin Wayne (great-great-great-grand-grandfather; deceased)
  • Jushua Thomas Wayne (ancestor; deceased)
  • Darius Wayne (ancestor; deceased)

Bruce Wayne's trauma, Joe Chill's murder of Thomas and Martha Wayne.

As an eight-year-old, Bruce Wayne saw his parents murdered before his eyes. Dr. Thomas and Martha Wayne were with their son Bruce after going to the cinema for the film "The sign of Zorro“On the way home when she was in the Park Row from petty criminals Joe Chill were harassed. With his pistol drawn, he demanded that the Wayne's valuables be handed over. Why the first shot went off has never been fully clarified, at least the first bullet hit Thomas Wayne, the second left Martha Wayne fatally slumped.

Joe Chill gave Bruce a quick look as he fled the scene quickly, leaving Bruce alone between his dead parents, their blood and the pearls of his mother's necklace. This happened on a summer night in Gotham City on June 26 at 10:47 p.m.. Park Row is now better known by the citizens of Gotham City as a result of this event Crime Alley common. For Bruce this moment is a decisive experience and he will not be able to erase the deeds of that night from his thoughts in the future. From then on, he returns every year to the place in Crime Alley, where his childhood and life were stolen from him.

Fortunately, the doctor and social worker was there Leslie Thompkins nearby on Fateful Night and was the first to comfort the traumatized Bruce Wayne. Due to a generous donation to the Gotham authorities, the young Bruce was allowed to take care of Wayne Butler Alfred Pennyworth in Wayne Manor grow up. This, too, was one of the reasons why Bruce had few friends in his childhood, occupied himself almost extensively with himself and used his time exclusively to fulfill the oath he made shortly after the events. Bruce took an oath to rid Gotham City of the crime that had stolen his parents and promised to do everything in his power to prevent other people from suffering the same fate as him.

Bruce Wayne's youth, education around the world

At the age of 14, Bruce Wayne spent his youth traveling and exploring many different places in different countries around the world in order to perfect his body and mind to physical and intellectual perfection. Like a man possessed, he learned different fighting styles, including more exotic martial arts such as Muay Thai, Escrima, Tai Chi, Krav Maga, Kenjutsu, Capoeira, Yaw-Yan, Tae Kwon Do, Judo, Jujitsu, Jeet Kune Do, Ninjutsu, Kendo, fencing, Kali, Bojutsu, Francombat, Boxing, Kickboxing, Hapkido, Wing Chun, Parkour, Shorin Ryu, Savate, Silat, Chin Na, Kyudo, Aikido, Varma Ati, Shaolin, Ba Gua, Hung Gar, Kung Fu and Kenpo.

Through his martial arts training Bruce Wayne became an expert in all conceivable forms of handling weapons, but he rejects the use of firearms due to the murder of his parents, although he is an excellent marksman himself and is also familiar with the use of firearms is. Alfred Pennyworth is the only person in his immediate circle to whom he admits the possession of a handgun.

During his ninjitsu training, he learned from ninjas like Kirigi and other masters of the shadow the ability to silently break into or out of high security areas or to eliminate a large number of opponents without being detected or even leaving the appearance of a trail.

The French detective Henri Ducard taught him, among other things, the art of shadowing. So Batman later appeared under different cover names (Frank 'Matches Malone' Feuerhand, Sir Hemingford Gray, Mr. Bat, etc) in appearance. In Africa with the spirit tribes of the Ten-Eyed Brotherhood, he learned various hunting methods as well as reading tracks, ancient healing arts as well as various mental exercises and forms of meditation were revealed to him by Nepalese monks.

In order to be intellectually more than equal to his future opponents, Bruce Wayne attended the best universities in the United States and Europe, including Cambridge and Sorbonne, but it did not keep him in one place for long. So he studied biology, mathematics, physics, mythology, geography and also history, but was not particularly keen to get a degree in these subjects, but Bruce Wayne was about the pure gain of knowledge.

Despite everything, at the age of twenty-one he obtained degrees in criminology, forensics, computer science, chemistry and engineering. Bruce Wayne speaks several languages, including English, German, Russian and Spanish. He is a born master strategist and tactician and is not just one step ahead of his enemies, which in his later career freed him from a hopeless situation and saved his life more than once against seemingly superior opponents. His knowledge of so many different disciplines has made Bruce Wayne an unconventional and unpredictable opponent for his adversaries. So prepared, Bruce tried to find a job with the FBI when he was in his early twenties. There he had to experience, however, that it was impossible for him to fight crime and corrupt evils by legal means within the legal system, as corruption was particularly common among the lawyers in Gotham City.

Bruce's return to Gotham City, the birth of Batman

After many years of self-chosen training in which Bruce Wayne had perfected his body and mind to perfection, he returned to Gotham City with the new skills, knowledge and experience that he had combined with his iron will a perfect crime fighter. However, it was a rocky road to get there. Bruce Wayne's first encounter with the criminal reality in Gotham's East End ended in a slight disaster and strengthened Bruce Wayne's thoughts that something was missing to effectively hunt criminals. The restoration of justice required a symbol, a sign that would frighten the criminals beforehand and the mere mention of which would stir up resentment in the minds of the criminals.

One evening he was sitting in a Wayne Manor room when a larger bat unexpectedly fell through the shattering window. Bruce spontaneously remembered the moment when, as a six-year-old, he had fallen into a cave under the Waynes' estate and was so afraid of the bats nesting there that this moment was also a decisive experience for his life. Bruce realized that bats could scare people. Since he also considered the street criminals to be a cowardly, superstitious pack, he wanted to use the archetypal fear of bats to his advantage. Now he had that certain something, a symbol against crime, Bruce Wayne had to become a bat, the Batman, the bat man.

He designed a costume in the shape of a bat, which should not only instill fear in the opponent, but is also necessary to keep his identity secret and to protect his body. The costume is mainly made of Kevlar with a small amount of titanium, it is non-flammable, extensively insulated, bulletproof and armed against stabbing or explosive attacks, it also protects against falls from a great height. The gloves are supplemented with 3 metallic blades on the underside. The cape is made of a super light, but hard-wearing material, which offers further protection against attacks. One of the main functions of the cape is to slide between Gotham City's canyons, which leaves many casual observers with the impression that Batman is capable of flying and thus reinforces the urban myth of the Batman. The cape also cushions falls from great heights and helps Batman to silently disappear into the shadows of darkness.

Batman's mask is made of a significant amount of lead, so Batman is protected against X-rays and technology. In addition to infrared lenses and other audiovisual systems such as radio or signal receivers, the mask has protective devices in the form of gas or electric shocks to counteract the unmasking of Batman by his opponents if he is unable to act.

Bruce Wayne also became aware of the cave under Wayne Manor, a huge, underground cave with bat colonies and forgotten entrances to the underground canal system of Gotham City, in which he fell while playing as a child, and he explored it shortly after the incident with the bat at Wayne Manor. The cave then became Batman's headquarters, his secret base. Bruce then gradually expanded the Batcave with the latest technical achievements, which were always available to him as CEO of Wayne Enterprises.

In addition to a high-performance computer with a criminal record and other countless data, the Batcave houses the various Batmobile, the Batcopter, the Batwing and also the Batpod. The trophy exhibition features the famous oversized Lincoln Penny from a fight with Two-Face, an animatronic T-Rex from ‘Dinosaur Land’ and a gigantic Joker playing card. In the Batcave there are still many laboratories, training rooms and the various pieces of equipment as well as memorabilia from his numerous battles against crime. For Batman, the Batcave is also a place of reflection and solitude.

Batman appears

When Bruce finds himself adequately armed for the fight, he sets out as Batman to put a stop to corruption and crime in Gotham City. His appearance in Gotham City quickly changes the status quo and Batman quickly becomes an urban legend, that of an incorruptible, sincere vigilante, from whom there is no hiding and escaping, so that criminals must fear that at all times Batman suddenly shows up at the scene.

In search of allies in his struggle, he meets the boy District Attorney Harvey Dent, while the entire Gotham police from Commissioner Loeb is instructed to hunt down the Batman, as his actions not only make life difficult for the street criminals, but also completely other corrupt people in the higher circles of Gotham, especially since his actions are clearly illegal, which makes it easy to issue arrest warrants against Adopt batman. In his early days he was hunted by the police. Batman's second and by far the most important ally, who is not privy to all of his secrets, is the honest and incorruptible policeman James Gordonthat over the years itself too Commissioner from GCPD should rise. A true friendship develops between the two of them and it is also James Gordon who later covers Batman again and again, provides him with information and no longer allows Batman to be persecuted as long as he does not cross the fine line between justice and vengeance.

After Batman manages to cleanse the city of the Mafia clans with Dent and Gordon and drive back corruption in Gotham City, stranger, far more dangerous criminals appear in Gotham City, who, like Batman, often dress in costumes. Ironically and contrary to the usual good-bad cliché, the hero in the Batman saga wears the dark, colorless outfit, while his opponents follow their passions in mostly colorful costumes. There are no ordinary criminals who are looking for financial enrichment, but they are concerned with power, terror or simply being able to portray Batman's adversary. They form perfect antagonists to Batman, which in turn not only allows Gotham's citizens and media to speculate whether it is not Batman himself who is provoking the violence in Gotham and causing the crime in the metropolis to escalate.

The Joker, Catwoman and other Batman opponents

The first person to feel inspired and challenged by Batman's actions was Selina Kyle, which are then saved as Catwoman went to catch prey in a cat costume at night, where she is mainly interested in high-quality and special diamonds, jewels or statues related to cats. Catwoman is not a murderer and, like Batman, she walks a fine line. Because of this, both feel a certain fascination for each other, which manifests itself in a more or less stable relationship between the two.

Batman's next challenge was the scientist Dr. Hugo Strangewho secretly admires Batman and feels called to unravel the mystery of Batman's secret identity. In addition to sophisticated psychological warfare, he also uses other aids such as the creation of mutants, the so-called Monster men.

With the joker an opponent then entered the stage who would develop into Batman's most dangerous opponent and change everything. The Joker, whose real name Batman could not find out despite his best efforts, is an ice cold, psychopathic serial killer who, with his pale skin, green hair and eternal grin in a clown suit, murders people uncontrollably, mainly to challenge Batman and him with his to lure sophisticated games from the reserve.

As a petty criminal Red Hood he fell in the Monarch playing card factory after a chase with Batman in a chemical tank. The chemicals bleached Red Hood's skin and disfigured his face with a satanic grin. From then on he appeared as a joker and terrorized Gotham City. His first attempt to achieve this by contaminating Gotham City's groundwater with his Smilex poison, which also distorts the faces of its victims with rigid grins, was stopped by Batman. These events were also decisive for the establishment of the Bat signals, a giant spotlight that casts the silhouette of a bat in Gotham City's night sky, which was designed by Lt. James Gordon were forced.

The Joker can easily be seen as Batman's greatest opponent and although he has been quite close to death several times and mostly by Batman after his actions in Gotham City's sanatorium Arkham Asylum was admitted, the Joker managed to escape again and again and hatch new diabolical crimes. The Joker is the perfect antagonist to Batman. While Batman stands for order and strict seriousness, the Joker symbolizes pure chaos and perfidious wit.

Many more antagonists with psychopathic traits appeared at this time. Scarecrow or the scarecrow, behind whose mask lies Jonathan Crane hides, was an outcast who was dubbed a scarecrow as a child because of his lean figure and appearance and who takes revenge on society by terrifying his victims with a fear gas developed by Crane himself, so that his victims willingly Scarecrow's wishes follow, they commit suicide in their fear of death or that they will not survive the panic attacks.

The Riddler alias Edward Nigma or Edward Nashton has the psychological compulsion that he has to demonstrate his intellectual superiority to Batman and Gotham City by giving Batman clues in the form of puzzles before and during his crimes, which are often to be solved within a period of time chosen by the Riddler himself. Since Batman always manages to solve the Riddler's puzzles, the Riddler invents ever more sophisticated puzzles in the hopes of triumphing over Batman.

Poison ivy, a former botanist named Dr. Pamela Lillian Isley, whose blood became toxic through an experiment and caused it to mutate into a human plant, is also a recurring opponent of Batman. Through the experiment, Poison Ivy acquired the ability to become immune to toxins, bacteria and spores and to be able to manipulate men and women against their will with their pheromones, although their attraction mostly casts a spell on men. Furthermore, she has the ability to influence plants in a supernatural way for her own purposes and to produce toxins in her body biochemically. Poison Ivy wages a struggle for nature and does not shy away from human loss if, in their opinion, these people have sinned against nature.

Batman's personality

Bruce Wayne / Batman is a normal person who has no superhuman abilities, but also has character deficiencies, which in turn can be exploited by his enemies. Even as a small child, Bruce was prone to loneliness and withdrew from others at an early age. A condition that was exacerbated by the murder of his parents, which made Bruce the loner who prefers to rely on himself rather than others. Overcoming a lack of trust in others is a major problem for Bruce Wayne and even more so for Batman, and this can be described as his greatest weakness in character.

This also allows the question of who is the real identity: Batman or Bruce Wayne? It is certainly true that Bruce's Playboy image is a mere facade. For example, he fakes alcoholic beverages at parties by drinking ginger ale from his champagne glass or simply pouring his drink away in a lonely minute. Even if Bruce hates the Playboy image, he also manages to take advantage of it to obtain information and news from the higher levels of Gotham City's citizens. Even his position as CEO of Wayne Enterprises is only important to Bruce Wayne to the extent that it gives him the technical and financial possibilities he needs for his fight against crime as Batman.

Alone or with his closest friends, Bruce Wayne is a serious guy and even without a mask he behaves like a grumpy loner rather than a carefree billionaire. Bruce is always brooding and thoughtful, the death of his parents overshadowing any happier thoughts that may still arise even after all this time. Bruce Wayne is driven by his own demons, dogged to keep his oath.

This is how he acts in an emergency, when the opponents and the moment of the moment leave him no choice, even as Bruce Wayne like Batman. In some cases even regardless of his secret identity. If it has always ended lightly so far, in addition to his allies such as Superman or the Justice League, several enemies such as Ra’s al Ghul, Hugo Strange, Catwoman, the Riddler, Scarecrow or Bane know Batman’s secret identity. It is widely rumored that the Joker is in possession of this, but he also sees Batman as the real me of Bruce Wayne and has no interest in exploiting his bourgeois identity.

Batman's comic story

The character Batman

The character Batman can look back on more than 70 years of comic history. She is now known worldwide and not only successful through comic books, but also through films such as Batman, The Dark Knight, The Dark Knight Rises and TV series such as The Animated Series or the Batman series from the sixties, radio plays or computer games such as Batman: Arkham Asylum or Batman: Arkham City. Without a doubt, Batman is now the best-known and most successful comic hero in the world. But how did the character develop and who was responsible for creating it?

The making of Batman

Batman (beginning Bat-Man or The Batman) is a fictional superhero from the American comic publisher DC Comic who appears for the first time in the Detective Comics No. 27 appeared in May 1939. By the way, this issue changed hands at an auction for $ 1,075,500 on February 25, 2010, setting a new world record, even before the first issue of Action Comics with Superman. In the meantime, however, this record has become obsolete again.

Batman was made by the draftsman Bob Kane and the copywriter Bill Finger created, although only the name Bob Kane is mentioned as the official inventor of Batman in all Batman stories or films. Since then, Batman has been one of the most successful superheroes in the world.

Batman draftsman
Bob Kane

After the surprising success of Superman, the 1st comics superhero ever, the publishing house commissioned Detective Comics, today DC Comicsto create twenty-three year old commercial artist Bob Kane, yet another superhero. Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn) quickly came up with the Bat-Man. But the first version that Bob Kane presented to his assistant and copywriter Bill Finger (William Finger) didn't have much in common with the character we know today as Batman. The first draft was more of a copy of Superman with red pants, no gloves and a thin eye mask, similar to that of his later sidekick Robin, only with a check pattern. The cloak consisted of solid bat wings, similar to those on a famous Leonardo Da Vinci drawing, which Bob Kane said he was also inspired by.

Batman copywriter
Bill Finger

Finger disapproved of the design and suggested that Kane grant Batman gloves, a full hood with ears, and a cape instead of rigid wings to avoid fingerprints. Kane agreed, went back to the drawing table and changed the points criticized by Bill Finger. This is how the iconic Batman costume was created, which has only changed minimally to this day.
Anyway, Fingers influence on the history of Batman cannot be overestimated. His scripts were probably the best of his time and he shaped the series with his concise style such as the oversized everyday objects. He helped characters like the Joker, Catwoman, the Riddler or Two-face and gave Batman a solid backstory.

Bruce Wayne is Batman

And ultimately he also coined the name for Batman: Bruce Wayne, who naturally Kane liked very much because of the alliteration (Bob Kane - Bruce Wayne). He let himself go by Robert the Bruce, famous Scottish ruler and independence fighter, as well Mad Anthony Wayne, General in the American Revolutionary War. Other sources of inspiration from Kane and Finger for Batman were early films such as The Mark of Zorro or The Bat, as well as characters from literature and the popular Pulp magazines like Sherlock Holmes, The Shadow or The Phantom.

Batman became a huge hit and since the editions of Detective Comics incessantly rose, Batman was granted his own series on April 25, 1940, which simply Batman read. The special thing about the first edition was the introduction of two opponents who were to develop into the most famous and dangerous for Batman and who are still the most famous of the Dark Knight in this millennium: The Joker as Catwoman aka Selina Kyle.

A year after its launch, Batman had become the familiar character. Be Utility belt (Combat belt), Batarang or Batmobile were introduced by Bob Kane and Bill Finger, and Batman got its origin story (Detective Comics No. 33): The eight-year-old millionaire son Bruce Wayne witnessed how his parents Thomas and Martha Wayne were murdered in front of his eyes by the criminal Joe Chill in Crime Alley. Because of that fateful night, Bruce Wayne decided to hunt down the criminals and made an oath to dedicate his life to that one goal only.

Also since issue 1, Batman has not used a firearm as an aid and has stopped killing his opponents at the end of the story. The series and thus the character Batman became less grim and brighter in overall tone. This was also due to a supporting character that was introduced shortly before: Robin.

Robin the Boy Wonder

Batman was a very successful, but also dark comic series, which was very much based on the popular pulp novels of the time. In order to attract new, younger groups of buyers and because, according to Finger, Batman needed a einen Watson ’, the character Robin was introduced in 1940 (Detective Comics No. 38).
The eight year old circus boy Dick Grayson was the youngest member of the acrobat group Flying Graysonswho guested with a circus in Gotham City. In order to extort protection money and to lend weight to his demands, murdered a gang boss named Zucco having a fake accident during a performance Dick Grayson's parents John and Mary Grayson. Bruce Wayne, who was in the audience during the performance, took care of the boy and eventually adopted him. He opened his second identity to him and trained him until the boy could support him as Robin in the fight against crime.

Batman's demise

Robin's introduction eventually brightened up the comic book series. In contrast to Batman, Robin was not a silent character, but despite the loss of his parents, he was a happy boy who also enjoyed the crime hunt. Robin's lightheartedness eventually rubbed off on Batman and his stories. After Batman established himself as one of the few superheroes whose magazines appeared regularly, the first cartoonists gradually left the series and new cartoonists tried their hand at the comic figure. This and a 1954 book by a psychologist named Fredric Wertham entitled "Seduction of the Innocent" radically changed the tone of the Batman series. In the book Wertham assumed that Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson not only hunted criminals together, but that they were also "a couple" in their private lives and that they would have a negative impact on the youth. Overall, the entire comic industry fell into disrepute, as the general violence in the comics was also denounced. To calm the public criticism, the Comics Code Authortiy was founded, a kind of self-censorship of the comic industry, with the result that the Batman comics lost their bite.

The series became more colorful and Batman no longer only acted against criminals, but increasingly against monsters and aliens in a science fiction setting. Characters like Batwoman, Batgirl or Bat-Mite were also introduced, all of which softened the background thoughts of the lonely crime fighter. The stories drifted into the ridiculous, Batman was just a shadow of himself and had little in common with the grim crime fighter of the first years. Of course, all of this also had an effect on the circulation of the booklets, which fell drastically. So DC Comics seriously considered discontinuing the Batman series. To counteract this, the series was revised and Batman was given a new look and more contemporary stories under the direction of Julius Schwartz and illustrators like Carmine Infantino. The most striking change was probably the yellow oval around the bat logo, based on the bat signal. Detective and crime stories also appeared again and Batman's butler Alfred Pennyworth was replaced by Aunt Harriet.

The TV series

The Batman television series debuted in 1966 and Batman experienced its second heyday and the first Batmania began. The TV show was absolutely camp, colorful and bright, the events took place during the day and the criminals were unbeatable in harmlessness. Batman became a philistine and moral apostle, a figure of joke that was actually in diametrical contrast to the original concept of the dark vigilante. Nonetheless, it helped the comic series to reach new circulation levels with a circulation of almost 900,000 issues. Alfred was also reanimated. But the television series had only a brief success and it was discontinued in 1968. Since the comics were now based on the TV show and also adopted their camping tone, the editions also fell. Batman had to change completely to survive.

Batman the midnight detective

In 1969, Batman was reinvented again, this time by the author Dennis O'Neil and the commercial artist and illustrator Neal Adams. The two led Batman back to his roots with serious and particularly realistic stories, Batman was again a gloomy loner and mastered criminal cases with detective meticulousness and fought doggedly against crime on the street. Batman's appearance also changed again, his figure became much more athletic, the ears of the hood and the cape became larger again. So the cape was no longer just an ornament, but helped Batman to become a being of darkness again and to use the shadow of the night for his own purposes. In general, his undertakings again increasingly took place at night. The team around author Steve Engelhart and artist Marshall Rogers also contributed very good stories. The fans loved their new Batman, but unfortunately this only helped the circulation of the series to a limited extent, which then fell rapidly during the seventies and early eighties. Another change was inevitable.

The return of the Dark Knight

Frank Miller was an aspiring comic artist who gathered a large fan base at a young age. Miller got the job to help Batman regain popularity. Frank Miller drafted a story with an aged Bruce Wayne who reappears as Batman 10 years after his last appearance and meets a world that has radically changed its views, especially through the mass media.

The graphic novel The Dark Knight Returns was a huge success, despite the very complex printing process on better paper and the resulting relatively high price, and changed the entire comic industry for a long time. The Dark Knight Returns hit like a bomb, captivating with a dynamic drawing style and many innovations in the representations, the story also caused a lot of controversy due to the explicit depiction of violence. But Batman was more popular than ever in its long history. The new Batman was more radical than ever and had much more in common with the grim crime fighter of the first stories than any previous interpretation.

At the same time, Dennis O'Neil took over as editor-in-chief of the Batman division and under his aegis Batman developed into a bitter, dark loner who was no longer receptive to jokes in any way. The stories that have now appeared were also often aimed at adult audiences. Many of today's classic comics such as "Year One" by David Mazzucchelli and Frank Miller or "The Killing Joke" by Alan Moore and Brian Bolland appeared at this time.

After the first Robin Dick Grayson was sent to college in the seventies and later received his own series as Nightwing, the editors Batman with Jason Todd a new Robin at his side. In contrast to Dick Grayson, Jason Todd developed into a more stubborn Robin who also came from a completely different milieu. This didn't make the fans particularly popular. In the story "A Death in the Family" Jason Todd was then sadistically murdered by the Joker. The special thing about the storyline was that the fans were asked to vote for or against the death of Jason Todd over the phone. They narrowly decided against staying on Jason Todd's series.

Batmania

The novel "Return of the Dark Knight" made Batman very popular again, but the climax of the 2nd Batmania was to follow, because Batman, the film was announced. When the main actor, Michael Keaton, who had previously only attracted attention in comedic roles, was announced, the production company Warner Brothers felt a real storm of protest. Fans feared the new movie was just going to be a fun re-enactment of the old 1966 series, but they were expecting a serious movie about Batman, similar to Miller's Dark Knights.Warner Brothers brought a trailer to the cinemas as soon as possible due to the numerous protests and thus pushed all fears of the fans aside, because the trailer showed a dark and grim Batman, which excited the fan base so much that they only wanted to see the trailer of Batman cinema tickets solved, looked at it and left the cinema again before the main film itself. A unique event in film history. The whole of America was now in the Batman fever, the various Batman articles went like sliced ​​bread and the 2nd Batmania reached unknown proportions, the climax of which culminated in the fantastic success of the film. It drew one direct and two other sequels. Batman had made it and was now an established hero in the cinema, at least until the goofy movie Batman & Robin from 1997, which reverted to the concept of the old series. Now Batman also had to be reinvented in the cinema.