How was Krishna killed

Keshi (demon) - Keshi (demon)

In Hindu mythology it is Keshi (Sanskrit: केशी; Keśi , nominative singular masculine from the root Keśin , literally "long-haired") the Horse demon who was killed by Krishna, an avatar of the god Vishnu. The demon was sent by Krishna's evil uncle Kamsa, who was destined to die at Krishna's hands.

The story of the murder of Keshi is found in the Hindu scriptures of Bhagavata Purana , Vishnu Purana and Harivamsa tells . Krishna is often praised in the scriptures as Keshava - the hunter of Keshi.

Legend

Keshi's legend is in the tenth book of Bhagavata Purana (between 500 and 1000 AD) Narrated. Kamsa, the evil king of Mathura and the maternal uncle of Krishna, is destined to be killed by Krishna. To avoid his death, Kamsa sends a number of demons to Gokula, where Krishna lives with his foster parents. After Krishna kills the bull demon Arishta, the divine sage Narada Kamsa confirms that Krishna is his sister Devaki's child and that the girl who killed Kamsa and thought she was Devaki's child was actually the daughter of Yashoda, Krishna's foster mother . Angry about this, Kamsa calls the demon Keshi and orders him to kill Krishna and his brother Balarama.

Krishna fights against Keshi.

Keshi takes the form of a giant horse that gallops at the speed of thought, carries the earth with its hooves and with its mane scatters celestial vehicles and clouds in the sky. His neighing terrifies people. Krishna challenges Keshi to a duel while the horse ravages Gokula. Keshi roars like a lion, rushes towards Krishna and hits him with his hooves. Krishna grabs Keshi's two legs and throws him far away. The excited Keshi recovers from the fall, opens his mouth and attacks Krishna. As soon as Krishna puts his left arm in Keshi's mouth, all of Keshi's teeth fall. Krishna's arm expands and Keshi suffocates as sweat flows from his body, his eyes roll, and he tries to kick his feet. When Keshi falls lifeless to the ground and assumes his true demon form, the gods and Narada praise Krishna. Narada thanks Krishna in his panegyric for easily killing the horse demon whose neighing alone made the gods leave heaven. He also prophesies the great deeds that Krishna will later perform, including killing Kamsa.

The fourth book of the Vishnu Purana (between the 1st century BC and the 4th century AD) Also tells the story. However, Keshi first appears in the episode when Kamsa calls the crowd of demons to kill all male children as soon as he realizes that Krishna is born. Chapters 15 and 16 of the fourth book contain a detailed account of Keshi's death, following the account of Bhagavata Purana corresponds . The narrative of Arishta's death, Narada's disclosure to Kamsa, and the subsequent ordering of Keshi are the same. Although the terror of Keshi on earth and heaven and Krishna's challenge are the same, the battle begins right away with Keshi attacking Krishna with his mouth open. Krishna's hand simultaneously choked Keshi and tore his body in half. The splitting of Keshi's body occurs in the Bhagavata Purana not told. Narada's laudation and prophecy of Kamsa's death follows the account in which Narada decreed that Krishna would be called Keshava, the hunter of Keshi.

The Harivamsa from the epic Mahabharata relates the incident in a similar fashion, including praising Narada for identifying Krishna as Vishnu. The Vishnu Purana and the Harivamsa (1st - 2nd century BC) Telling that Keshi is the last agent sent by Kamsa to kill Krishna. After Keshi's murder, Krishna and Balarama go to Mathura, where Kamsa is killed. The Bhagavata Purana describes however the murder of the demon Vyoma, sent by Kamsa, before he leaves for Mathura.

The first century Buddhist writer Ashvaghosa mentions the killing of Keshi in a passage in his Saundarananda .

Origins

in the Atharvaveda (2nd millennium BC) Appears to Keshi, the "hairy" one, initially described as a demon who attacks the unborn, although not in relation to Krishna. A line from passage 8.6 describing evils that attack female fetuses reads as follows: "Let us keep the black asura Keśin, born in the tuft of reeds with the snouted mouth and all other harmful creatures, away from her genitals and loins" [IAST Original]. Phyllis Granoff, a scholar of Indian religions, says the keshi is a demon of childhood illnesses or miscarriages, like the demoness Putana, both of whom were killed by the infant Krishna. However, this hypothesis is not unanimous. The stories of Keshi-vadha ("The killing of Keshi") are known in the Kushan period (60-375 AD). Metropolitan Museum of Art Parallel Krishna Keshi to the work of the Greek hero killing Heracles - slaying the horses of Diomedes, inspired from the sequence of the former. Keshi or Keśī could be the earliest Sanskrit word known in Chinese; Huainanzi (2nd century BC) lists treasures that King Wen of Zhou had in 1103 BC. As a ransom for King Wen of Zhou to King Zhou of Shang were presented including the mountain named jisi雞 斯 or old Chinese * kese .

Commemoration

Keshighat in Vrindavan is reminiscent of Keshi's fight with Krishna.

According to the Malayalam Bhagavata Purana Krishna got the name Keshava when he killed Keshi. Krishna becomes in the Bhagavata Gita by Arjuna - Keshava (1.30 and 3.1) and Keshi-nisudana (18.1) three times referred to as the hunter of Keshi. In the first chapter (1.30), in which Krishna is addressed as the hunter of Keshi, Arjuna expresses his doubts about the war and at the same time finds Krishna able to destroy them. Here, Keshi represents false pride and the reference that Arjuna killed Keshi expresses his humility. Keshi as the crazy horse that wreaked havoc in Gokula - also represents the wild horse of doubts that run in a person's head. In the third chapter, Arjuna asks Lord Kṛṣṇa a question: "If you come to the conclusion that knowledge is superior to action, oh Janārdana, why are you instructing me to do this terrible act, O Keśava?" (3.1). In the last chapter (18.1) Arjuna addresses Krishna as Maha-baho ("mightily armed"), paired with the hunter of the Keshi surname, and reminds the reader of how Krishna killed Keshi with his arms alone. The Vishnu Sahasranama ("The thousand names of Vishnu") calls Krishna Keshava (names 23, 648) and Keshitha (649) - the hunter of Keshi. The piece Mudrarakshasa from the fourth century interpreted also the nickname Keshava as the hunter of Keshi. Keshighat is an important batheghat along the Yamuna River in Vrindavan, where Krishna is believed to have overpowered Keshi.

Remarks

References