What was a forerunner of the pyramids
Pyramids and palaces. How did the ancient Egyptians build?
Hello dear children,
You have probably all heard of the famous pyramids of Giza, but did you know how the ancient Egyptians were able to create these huge structures around 4500 years ago with the tools of the time? Many of you seemed to be very interested in this, as the lecture hall was almost overrun by little Egyptologists.
Mr. Kockelmann first introduced us to some pyramids, including the pyramid of Meidum, the bent pyramid of Dashur and the oldest step pyramid of all, the pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser in Saqqara. Many of you even knew that the largest of the three pyramids in Giza belonged to Pharaoh Cheops.
But how were these pyramids built? Mr. Kockelmann explained to us that the stone blocks were chiseled out of the rock first, after which they were transported in large sleds that were pulled by the workers. However, as is often believed, these workers were not slaves, but simple citizens. Then these huge stones, which weighed about two tons, were placed exactly on top of one another with the help of ramps. So far, however, it is still not exactly clear how these ramps were attached to the pyramid. Approximately one to two million stone blocks were used to build the pyramid! Isn't that impressive?
Inside the pyramid, a complex system was developed that roughly consisted of a corridor, also known as the "Great Gallery", which led to the king's burial chamber (main chamber). The burial chamber was closed with a trap door after the king's burial. The ancient Egyptians were also good mathematicians and astrologers, because the construction of a pyramid was oriented towards the stars.
However, the ancient Egyptians not only built pyramids, but also mastabas, which were probably the forerunners of the pyramids. In contrast to the pyramids, these were built from bricks, which were made from a mixture of clay, straw and ceramic shards and then air-dried. They also built their houses out of bricks.
Other buildings built by the Egyptians, which were also made of stone, include the tombs in the Valley of the Kings and the temples where we got to know the Karnak Temple. Wooden clamps held the stones together. The stones for the walls and entrance portals, also called pylons, were smoothed and decorated. You can still see them up close in Egypt today!
With so much exciting information, the time went by in a flash ...
I hope to see you again soon!
Your Klara Schlaufuchs
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