Will we ever have space tourism?

Space Tourism: Criticism, Environment, Climate Change & Costs - Elitist, Environmentally Destructive Billionaires - Space Tourism (NASA - ISS)

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Space Tourism: Criticism, Environment, Climate Change & Costs - Elitist, Environmentally Destructive Billionaires - Space Tourism (NASA - ISS)



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The US space agency Nasa wants to accommodate tourists / billionaires from 2020 on a large scale and at high prices on the space station ISS. "Nasa opens the International Space Station to commercial opportunities and markets them like we've never done before," said CFO Jeff DeWit in New York.
Missions of up to 30 days per group should be possible. Such a trip to the ISS is not cheap, however: The costs are therefore around 35,000 dollars (almost 31,000 euros) - per day and without travel to and from the airport. DeWit estimated the cost of transportation to be around $ 50 million. The environmental degradation and climate change associated with this "tourism" is not an issue for the media.


"The year 2018 will be the year of private space tourism" reported many media at the beginning of the year. Even the term sustainability is misused for the elitist, deeply environmentally destructive, climate-damaging billionaire hobby.

The Süddeutsche Zeitung wrote on December 29, 2017:
"In 2018, private companies want to bring tourists into space for the first time - and in the future regularly offer spacecraft trips. Three prominent billionaires are eager to finally realize their bold plans. (...) If you are not a professional astronaut, you can book with Virgin Galactic in 2018 A ticket at Richard Branson's company costs $ 250,000, and she plans to take her first tourists with her at the end of the year ... "
The US space company SpaceX has announced a tour of the moon with paying space tourists for 2018. The mission gives people the opportunity to "return deeply into space for the first time in 45 years" and "travel faster and further into the solar system than ever before," said SpaceX CEO Elon Musk.

The uncritical reporting
About these plans is mostly a mixture of technology drunkenness, hero worship and backward-looking belief in progress. It is astonishing how uncritically the majority of the media cheer for private space flight and at the same time lament climate change. The Internet is also full of one-sided, uncritical cheering reports on tourism in space.

Experts estimate the ticket price
for the SpaceX flight to $ 80 million to $ 100 million. "Millionaires only" cannot afford this. The costs correspond to the price that NASA has to pay the Russians if a US astronaut flies to the "ISS".

In times of climate change, species extinction and the foreseeable finiteness of raw materials
is an elitist, environmentally destructive billionaire - space tourism is perverse, but fits well into the destructive age of the Anthropocene!

Space tourism destroys the environment and the climate.
"A study by three American scientists has now come to the conclusion that the flights with" SpaceShipTwo "are likely to have an astonishingly large effect on the earth's climate. Michael Mills from the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder (Colorado) and his colleagues are there assumed 1000 rocket launches per year. The greatest impact on the climate does not come from CO2 from the soot that is inevitably emitted by the engines.

[...] Soot consists mainly of carbon and is an undesirable by-product in internal combustion engines.
"The response of the climate system to the relatively small amount of soot is surprising," says Mills. [...]

The soot particles in the stratosphere absorb sun rays that would otherwise reach deeper layers and the earth's surface. This in turn changes the complex circulation processes in the air layer and thus also the climate. "


Anousheh Ansari was the first space tourist. In 2006 she paid around 16 million euros for her space flight. Space tourism is the future (finally undisturbed) hobby for the richest percent of the world's population (70 million people) who have as much wealth as the rest (seven billion people) put together. At a time when 815 million people in the world do not have enough to eat, the question arises, not only when it comes to space tourism, whether the right topics are being researched.

Just because a rocket is partially recyclable does not mean it is environmentally friendly and sustainable. In a time of global environmental degradation and increasing global threats, topics like "tourism in space" also have something cleverly distracting about them. The faster the economic, financial, ecological and social crisis grows, the faster the big, perfect illusion machine turns ...
And what could be better for billionaires than when simple people look up at them in admiration and dream unrealistic dreams.

Axel Mayer, BUND managing director

We are urgently looking for analytically intelligent, critical articles on the subject of "Space Tourism, Environment, Criticism & Costs" to link to this page. federal freiburgbund.net


Addendum:


When it comes to climate protection, the environmental movement must ask itself
whether the previous, strongly individual, appealing approach: "You have to save energy, park your car at the traffic lights, you should fly less, turn the heating down ..." is actually effective. All of these appeals are pretty, but of little use. At the same time, new roads, large-capacity aircraft, coal and nuclear power plants are being built regionally and worldwide, and China and India are taking over our rampant, destructive waste system at breakneck speed. The well-organized dream of space tourism goes well with this. On a global scale, waste of resources, scarcity of resources and environmental problems are growing exponentially. If the individual approach is not followed by a massive change in politics and structures, if climate protection is discussed in isolation from the problems of the overexploitation economy, then the individual approaches are of little use. It must be about tackling the structures that prevent climate protection. (Space tourism, new roads, airfares that are far too cheap ...) The environmental movement must become more political again and act more globally in order to achieve real sustainability. Space tourism and climate change are "only" symptoms of the global ecological crisis.



In a comment on June 6, 2018, the Süddeutsche Zeitung took a critical look at manned space travel

Here is a short extract:

"Astro-Alex" fascinates many, but the cost of manned missions is ridiculously high


(...) Manned space travel is ridiculously expensive. The International Space Station has already devoured more than one hundred billion euros since Ronald Reagan initiated the project in the 1980s, back then with military intentions.

These expenses can never be justified with technological or scientific (knowledge) gain. Less than a tenth of the running costs for the ISS are used for research experiments on board. And viewed soberly: Almost all of it could just as well or better be done with satellites, machines and robots.

As fascinating as it is to send people into space, it makes little sense from a rational point of view. It sounds malicious, but it's true that manned space travel is primarily there to explore oneself. So the question of how humans can survive in space. The state of our planet, the mystery of how life once originated, the search for possible raw materials in space and the question of whether there are extraterrestrial organisms - none of this has anything to do with manned space travel. Astronauts fly into space because it inspires, because it makes you proud, and because powerful nations want to show other nations that they can.




Even on a battered earth, life is much more comfortable than on the moon


Extract from a clever article in the Süddeutsche Zeitung
"NASA, in turn, wants to set up a new space station in orbit of the moon. It will then not only replace the international space station ISS as an outpost in space, but also serve as a kind of pit stop station for moon landings or manned Mars flights. At the beginning of the week Nasa and its Russian counterpart Roskosmos have announced that they will continue to work together on the project called Deep Space Gateway, which is hardly less ambitious in the long term than the moon village.

As a justification for such extremely expensive, risky and scientifically unnecessary passenger trips into space, it is often said that exploring the unknown is human nature. But there is much in human nature that has been laboriously weaned off over thousands of years of civilization. And what is the deeper meaning of NASA's goal of "expanding human presence in the solar system"? The presence of humans has only been good for very few regions, and after all, only the earth is really suitable for life in the solar system, even in a battered form.

Humans can achieve great things in space as long as they stay on earth. This was shown, for example, by the Voyager probes, which have been sending data for 40 years. Or the recently burned-out Cassini probe, which has brought completely new knowledge about Saturn and its moons. Even if manned trips to such destinations were possible, it would not have been of any use. Because there is little for humans to do in space that machines cannot do better, and cheaper anyway. "


Critical Internet posts on the subject of space tourism are rare and the Wikipedia post on the subject is shockingly one-sided.
For this reason, we have compiled a few critical contributions here.



Space tourism and the climate
The Spiegel online article "Soot in the atmosphere - space tourism will change the climate" reports on the effects of space tourism on the global climate. According to geoscientists, the soot from the rocket engines will affect the global climate:

The dangers of space tourism (pros and cons)
In the article "Virgin Galactic and the Dead in the Name of Space Tourism" on scienceblogs.de the dangers of space tourism are explained quite clearly. The non-state company Virgin Galactic, which became famous with the SpaceShipOne, has already had two accidents with fatalities. In 2007, three people died while testing the rocket engine's oxidizer tank. In 2014, the prototype of the new SpaceShipTwo broke in the air. The copilot was killed, the pilot barely survived. Scienceblogs.de writes about the second accident:


"That brings us to the crash of SpaceShipTwo. Like its predecessor, the rocket plane should soar to a great height, then fold down the large wing and automatically come into a stable aerodynamic position like a shuttlecock when it returns to the atmosphere. Other rocket planes like that Instead, X-15 used small rocket engines to control their position outside of the atmosphere.

The construction is unquestionably a good idea. However, it also brings with it potential dangers. For example, in the first part of the flight, when the aircraft is being accelerated by the rocket engine, the folding mechanism should not be used. But that is exactly what happened. The aerodynamics caused the fuselage of the aircraft to straighten up transversely to the direction of flight, while the wings remained like a flag in the wind in the direction of flight.

The fuselage broke due to the aerodynamic forces. The pilot was very lucky. The torso shattered around him and he was thrown out of the rubble in his seat with comparatively minor injuries. (It wasn't an ejection seat!) He was able to free himself from the belts and save himself with his parachute. The copilot was less fortunate. "


In summary, this sentence at the end of the article is very appropriate:

"Without serious changes in the corporate culture, budding space tourists can only be advised against this company."


Unfortunately, there are far too few critical articles about space tourism.
Only people who can pay a price of $ 200,000 per person can benefit from such an excursion.
Space tourism only seems to harm all other people (such as those who have died in accidents), the environment and the climate.



Critical articles on the topic:



Space tourism review: Elitist, environmentally destructive billionaire - space tourism


Accidents & disasters in manned spaceflight



  • January 27, 1967: A fire breaks out on board Apollo 1 and all three US astronauts are killed.
  • April 24, 1967: When a Russian Soyuz capsule lands, the parachutes do not open properly. A cosmonaut is killed.
  • June 30, 1971: A pressure valve opens on board a Soyuz capsule. All three cosmonauts are killed.
  • January 28, 1986: The space shuttle "Challenger" explodes 73 seconds after takeoff. All seven astronauts are killed.
  • February 1, 2003: NASA loses contact with the space shuttle "Columbia" when it flies at an altitude of around 60,000 meters. Seven astronauts die on board.


Tourisme spatial - le loisir élitiste des milliardaires


L’entreprise américaine SpaceX an annoncé un voyage autour de la lune pour 2018. A board, des billionaires qui joueront les touristes spatiaux - ce qui déplaît fortement à Axel Mayer des Verts.
L’entreprise américaine SpaceX an annoncé un voyage autour de la lune pour 2018. A bord, des billionaires qui joueront les touristes spatiaux - ce qui déplaît fortement à Axel Meyer des Verts.
(Tribune libre d’Axel Mayer, traduite de l’Allemand) - L’entreprise spatiale américaine SpaceX a annoncé le tour de la lune en 2018 - pour les touristes spatiaux qui peuvent se le payer. Selon le chef de SpaceX, Elon Musk, ce voyage “offre la possibilité, pour la première fois depuis 45 ans, de retourner alsi loin dans l’espace et de voyager plus vite et plus loin à l’intérieur de notre système solaire”.

The articles que l'on peut lire à ce sujet, représentent un étrange mélange entre une admiration illimitée de la technologie, le culte des héros ainsi qu'une croyance dans le progrès qui en réalité, représente surtout un retour vers des temps anciens et féodaux .

A une époque du changement climatique, de l’extinction de nombreuses espèces d’animaux et de plantes et la fin des ressources énergétiques, ce tourisme élitaire de milliardaires est carrément pervers, même s’il trouve parfaitement sa place dans folle énergétiques!

Le tourisme spatial contribue à la destruction de l’environnement et du climat. Le tourisme spatial est le passe-temps pour le pour-cent le plus riche de la population mondiale (70 millions de personnes qui dispose d’autant d’argent que les 99% restants réunis). A moment où 795 millions de personnes souffrent de malnutrition au niveau mondial, il se pose la question si la recherche dans le domaine du tourisme spatial constitue une activité raisonnable. Ceci dit, face à toutes les crises mondiales, the “tourisme spatial” constitue aussi un sujet qui divertit agréablement des grandsproblemèmes de notre époque

Axel Mayer est directeur du BUND (fédération pour la protection de l’environnement) et conseiller communal à Emmendingen.
eurojournalist.eu



Space tourism & criticism: elitist, environmentally destructive billionaire - space tourism & SpaceX boss Elon Musk & illusion machine ...



Overview: growth, growth critique, economic crisis, real estate crisis and sustainability


China's growth in 2019 & environmental degradation


China is "only" growing at 6.5%, the lowest economic growth since 1990 and all supporters of the global growth religion are complaining. But a gross national product that "only" grows at 6.5% doubles after 11 years. And a quantity that grows exponentially increases a thousandfold after ten times the doubling time. Sustained exponential growth of an economy in the limited system earth is not possible and inevitably leads to climate change, species extinction and self-destruction.
Axel Mayer, BUND managing director


Rising use of resources around the world is driving climate change and the loss of species
The extraction of raw materials has more than tripled since 1970. If this continues, resource consumption will have doubled to 190 billion tons per year by 2060 - and greenhouse gas emissions will increase by 43 percent. The mining and processing of materials, fuels and food cause half of global greenhouse gas emissions and over 90 percent of the loss of biodiversity and pollution of water bodies. With its new forecast report, the UN is calling for political measures to be taken towards a resource-saving, resource-efficient, circular economy. Source: .factory-magazin






These two motifs (above & below in this box) are available as banners / banners for balcony & demo for only 10 euros here in the BUND shop.







"The Truth", Warnings & Notes 2020:
  • 1) These regional BUND websites are "old-fashioned, text-oriented" and sometimes long. We do not offer any fashionable snippets of information, but appeal to the shrinking minority who are still able to read and grasp longer texts.
  • 2) If you are looking for "The Truth" here, you will not find it. It does not exist, "The Truth", but only approximations to it, fragments of truth. You will have no choice but to grapple with the "other truths" in order to come to your own opinion. Also leave the narrow "echo room" of your own opinion on the Internet. Do you distrust truth-tellers! Have the courage to use your own mind. There are actually still some clever, mostly differentiating media in this country.
  • 3) When in doubt, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is still a good source of guidance.








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