How does science support Islam?
8 October 2018
1 Funding objective, funding purpose, legal basis
1.1 Funding objective and purpose of funding
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) would like to support social, humanities and cultural studies research to create knowledge that supports politics and society in providing fundamental and practical answers on dealing with radical Islam in Germany and Europe Find.
Radical Islam challenges western societies and their basic liberal order. Since the attacks of September 11, 2001 at the latest, it has been perceived as an immediate threat. At that time this was primarily from outside, radical currents of Islam have now become a challenge within society. This is shown, among other things, by the debates about Islamist "parallel societies" and the large number of young people who have radicalized in this country. Islamism - like left and right-wing extremism - has become part of the social reality in Germany and many European countries.
Islamism has many facets: While so-called "purist" Salafist groups, withdrawn from the majority society, practice their faith peacefully, other groups actively proselytize in order to spread religious-fundamentalist views. Still other Islamist groups try to achieve political goals on the basis of their beliefs, whereby the means used range from peaceful political activity to the use of violence and terrorism, depending on the ideological orientation.
In view of the heterogeneity and breadth of the phenomenon, the question arises, on the one hand, of the social causes for the rise of radical Islam in Germany and Europe. What are the social, political, cultural and historical reasons for this development?
On the other hand, the question arises as to whether and how the influence of Islamists on social life as well as insecurities and (perceived) threats emanating from various currents of Islamism affect society as a whole or on parts of society. In particular, it has so far remained open to what extent processes of polarization, division and exclusion will be triggered or exacerbated.
Projects are funded on these complexes of questions that make a contribution to users and decision-makers in dealing with the challenges of radical Islam. To this end, the involvement of practice partners in the research projects is supported. Basic research projects are also called upon to draw conclusions from their research results for further application-related research and to derive practical recommendations for action, for example for necessary preventive measures.
1.2 Legal bases
The federal government grants the grants in accordance with this guideline, §§ 23 and 44 of the Federal Budget Code (BHO) and the related administrative regulations as well as the "Guidelines for grant applications on an expenditure basis (AZA)" and / or the "Guidelines for grant applications on a cost basis (AZK ) "of the BMBF. There is no entitlement to the grant. Rather, the granting authority decides on the basis of its due discretion within the framework of the available budget.
According to this funding guideline, state aid is applied on the basis of Article 25 paragraph 2 letters a to c of Regulation (EU) No. 651/2014 of the EU Commission of June 17, 2014 to determine the compatibility of certain groups of aid with the internal market Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ("General Block Exemption Regulation" - GBER, OJ L 187 of June 26, 2014, p. 1 in the version of Regulation (EU) 2017/1084 of June 14, 2017 ( OJ L 156 of June 20, 2017, p. 1) Funding is granted in compliance with the common provisions set out in Chapter I GBER, in particular with consideration of the definitions of terms listed in Article 2 of the regulation (cf. the annex on state aid requirements for the funding guidelines).
2 Subject of funding
The BMBF intends to fund individual and joint projects in the social, humanities and cultural sciences, which empirically and systematically examine the social causes and effects of the rise of Islamism in its various forms in Germany and Europe and thereby create practical knowledge of how radical Islam is encountered can be.
Research projects on the following topics as well as an accompanying scientific measure are funded:
Topic I: Social causes of the rise of Islamism in Germany and Europe
Through social-psychological research, among other things, important findings are now available on the individual causes of Islamist radicalization. However, these do not comprehensively explain the emergence and strengthening of Islamism in Germany and Europe to the extent mentioned.
In subject area I, the relevant overarching social framework conditions, developments and structures are asked for. Which socio-demographic, socio-economic, cultural, religious, sociopolitical, geopolitical and / or other factors can explain Islamist radicalization processes in Western societies under what conditions?
Historical classifications and comparisons with developments in other European countries are of particular interest. What other measures can the state and / or civil society take to anchor preventive and countermeasures sustainably in society?
Individual causes can be included in the research in their interactions with social factors. A primary or exclusive consideration of individual causes of radicalization is not promoted in the context of this announcement.
Subject area II: Social effects of Islamism in Germany and Europe
The existence of Islamism can have far-reaching consequences for a society. The religious, political or social work of people who follow radical currents of Islam, as well as the reactions to them - be they preventive, repressive or of a different nature - can be state and civil society institutions, social milieus, social discourses, political attitudes, everyday routines and others influence and change more.
In topic area II, these social effects of Islamism are to be examined, particularly with a view to social coexistence, social conflicts and their overcoming, the political order and changes in social norms and institutions. The subject of investigation can be both direct effects on society and possible long-term consequences.
For empirical research, the following thematic focal points emerge as examples:
- Institutional change: z. B. Adaptation efforts in security policy and its social consequences, changes in educational institutions.
- Democracy: z. B. changed ideas about security, attitudes of the citizens towards democracy and an open society, change of the political culture.
- Social conflicts: e.g. B. Change in norms, values, social climate; Development of processes of polarization and division, promotion of "parallel societies".
- Co-radicalization processes: connection between Islamism and radicalization processes of other political groups (such as right-wing or left-wing extremists, fundamentalist-religious communities, e.g. Christian-fundamentalist sects, and vice versa), formation of alliances between different extremisms.
- Muslim life: e.g. B. Answers to Islamism in Muslim associations and communities, development of inner-Muslim dynamics, readiness for integration into or separation from (majority) society.
- Media: way of dealing with Islamism, processes of change in public and social media.
Framework conditions and methodological information for research projects on the subject areas I and II:
Both disciplinary and interdisciplinary individual projects or associations that specify and empirically analyze one or more of the above topics, make a relevant contribution to research and offer potential for practical transfer of results are funded in both subject areas. Concepts for disseminating results are also expressly requested from projects that are more strongly oriented towards basic research. Target groups can include actors and decision-makers from politics, security authorities, administration, civil society and political education. The involvement of practice partners in research is supported.
The projects can use various methods, for example empirical social research. A comprehensible methodical approach as well as statements to ensure the future scientific usability of the collected data beyond the project duration are expected. Since the phenomenon of "Islamism" exists almost worldwide, research results from other - in the context of the present announcement, preferably European - should be taken into account.
With a corresponding work plan, a project duration of up to four years is possible.
Scientific accompanying project
An accompanying project is to be funded that internally and externally networks the projects of the funding line "Social causes and effects of radical Islam in Germany and Europe", brings together scientific findings, supports the socially and practice-oriented transfer of results and knowledge and in coordination with the BMBF or the DLR project executing agency1 Coordinates, develops and carries out public relations activities for the funding guidelines.
The accompanying project comprises three areas of responsibility:
- Scientific support, monitoring and synthesis
Regular synthesis of the results from ongoing projects with a view to current socio-political problems, issues and challenges; Linking with developments in national and international research on the topic of announcement; Elaboration of cross-project conclusions, development of recommendations for action and their target group-specific preparation.
- Scientific networking
Networking of the projects of the funding guidelines with one another and, if necessary, with other scientific actors through the organization and implementation of suitable overarching measures such as regular meetings, specialist conferences, training courses, (doctoral) workshops, etc.
- External knowledge transfer and public relations
Support of the transfer of research results to decision-makers and users as part of the research project, including through suitable cross-project events such as parliamentary evenings, expert discussions, etc .; regular organization and implementation of cross-project measures aimed at the general public such as public panel discussions, film projects, press activities etc .; Implementation of a final event to present the results of the funding priority, which is intended to be aimed at a specialist audience and an interested public.
Framework conditions and funding information for the accompanying project:
Applications for the accompanying project can be submitted as an individual or joint project. If an institution applies for both the funding of an accompanying project and the funding of a research project in subject areas I or II, it must be ensured that these are separate applications. Independent project sketches are to be submitted in each case. The projects must be able to be implemented independently of one another.
The applications take part in the two-stage review process described in number 7. The project outlines for the accompanying project should contain convincing considerations and concepts for measures on the three points of scientific support, networking as well as knowledge transfer and public relations, including rough financial planning. Depending on the number and size of the research projects actually selected for funding on the basis of this announcement, as well as their questions, topics, project designs and independent exploitation measures, the necessary details must be made in the course of the submission of a detailed project application for the accompanying project in the second procedural stage.
A term of up to five years can be applied for in order to meet the project objectives of the accompanying project.
Universities, non-university research institutions, commercial companies, non-governmental organizations and other institutions that can provide research contributions and meet the funding purpose and funding requirements are eligible to apply. At the time of the disbursement of a granted grant, the existence of a permanent establishment or branch (company) or another institution that serves the activity of the grant recipient (universities, research institutions, non-governmental organizations and other institutions) in Germany is required.
Small and medium-sized enterprises or "SMEs" within the meaning of this funding guideline are companies that meet the requirements of the EU's definition of SMEs; See Annex I of the GBER or Commission recommendation of May 6, 2003 regarding the definition of micro-enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (announced under file number K (2003) 1422 (2003/361 / EG), http: // eur -lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32003H0361&from=DE)
The grant recipient declares his / her classification in accordance with Annex I of the GBER to the granting authority in the context of the written application.
Cooperation with foreign universities or research institutions is possible. You cannot receive a donation of your own, but z. B. be integrated as fellows (maximum two months per stay).
Research institutions that are funded by the federal government and / or the federal states can only be granted project funding for their additional project-related expenses or costs under certain conditions. For the conditions of when state aid is / is not available and to what extent subsidy-free funding can be provided, see Commission communication on the Union framework for state aid for research, development and innovation of 27 June 2014 (OJ C 198 of 27.6. 2014, page 1), in particular number 2.
The BMBF would like to make a contribution to strengthening the so-called small subjects. Against this background, the participation of representatives of the small subjects is welcomed.
4 Special funding requirements
The framework program for the humanities, cultural and social sciences, which is currently being revised, forms the basis for this funding activity. Funding requires the willingness to participate in integrative and evaluative measures on the part of the project sponsor, the accompanying scientific project and external experts.
Those interested in funding should, also in their own interest, familiarize themselves with the EU research framework program in the context of the planned national project (e.g. at http://www.nks-swg.de/). They should check whether the proposed project has specific European components and whether this means that exclusive EU funding is possible. Furthermore, it must be checked to what extent an additional funding application can be submitted to the EU in the context of the planned national project. The result of the tests should be briefly presented in the national funding application.
The partners of a joint project regulate their cooperation in a written cooperation agreement. Joint projects that are located at several locations must explain how they organize their cooperation. Network partners who are research institutions within the meaning of Article 2 (number 83) GBER ensure that no indirect (indirect) aid is granted to companies within the network. To this end, the provisions of number 2.2 of the Commission communication on the Union framework for state aid for the promotion of research, development and innovation (OJ C 198, 27.6.2014, p. 1) must be observed. Before the funding decision is made, evidence of a basic agreement on certain criteria specified by the BMBF must be proven (in accordance with BMBF form 01102).
In the project description, planned collaborations or the willingness of practice partners to cooperate (if applicable) must be documented in writing. The corresponding signed declarations must be enclosed with the project description of the association (see number 7).Further information on the funding announcement can be found in the FAQ on the website of the DLR project management agency (http://pt-dlr-gsk.de/_media/radikaler_islam.pdf).
5 Type, scope and amount of the donation
The grants are granted by way of project funding for research projects for a period of up to four years and for the accompanying project for a period of up to five years.
The assessment basis for universities, non-university research and scientific institutions and comparable institutions that do not fall into the field of economic activities are the project-related expenses eligible for funding (for Helmholtz centers [HZ] and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft [FhG] the project-related costs eligible for funding), which can be subsidized up to 100% individually, taking into account the requirements of state aid law. In the case of non-economic research projects at universities and university clinics, a project lump sum of 20% is granted in addition to the eligible expenses.
Assessment basis for grants to companies in the commercial sector and for projects by research institutions that are in the field of economic activities3 are the eligible project-related costs. As a rule, these can - depending on the application of the project - be financed up to 50%, taking into account the requirements of state aid law (see annex). According to BMBF principles, an appropriate personal contribution - in principle at least 50% of the costs that are eligible for funding - is required.
The GBER must take into account the calculation of the respective funding quota (see annex).
The grants are granted as a non-repayable grant.
The following positions are eligible:
- Staff resources,
- student and / or academic assistants,
- Material resources, e.g. B. Business needs,
- Means for organizing / participating in workshops, for conferences as well as for communicating the project results with high publicity,
- Means of travel.
It is possible to apply for funding for fellows' residences. In this case, the funded institution must provide a workplace.
The GBER must be taken into account when determining the respective eligible costs / expenses (see annex).
In addition to material and travel funds, up to three full-time equivalent positions based on TVÖD / TV-L, pay group 13/14 (e.g. for coordination, scientific implementation, public relations, etc.) and A half to a maximum of a full office position with a remuneration of up to BAT Vc or TVÖD / TV-L, salary group 8 can be applied for. The duration of the project can be up to five years.
6 Other grant provisions
Part of a grant notification on an expenditure basis are the ancillary provisions on an expenditure basis of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research for grants for project funding (NABF) as well as the "Special ancillary provisions for the retrieval of grants in the indirect retrieval procedure in the business area of the BMBF" (BNBest-indirect retrieval-BMBF), provided that the funding is made available in the so-called retrieval process.
The "Ancillary provisions for cost-based grants from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research to commercial companies for research and development projects (NKBF 2017)" are part of a grant notification to the FhG or HZ as well as to commercial companies.
To carry out success controls within the meaning of administrative regulation number 11a to § 44 BHO, the grant recipients are obliged to provide the BMBF or the institutions commissioned with the data necessary for success control in a timely manner. The information is used exclusively in the context of accompanying research and any subsequent evaluation, treated confidentially and published anonymously so that it is not possible to draw any conclusions about individual persons or organizations.
If the grant recipient publishes the results of the research project as a contribution in a scientific journal, this should be done in such a way that the public can access the contribution electronically free of charge (open access).
This can be done by publishing the article in an electronic journal that is accessible to the public free of charge. If the contribution does not initially appear in a journal that is electronically accessible to the public free of charge, the contribution should be made electronically accessible to the public free of charge (secondary publication) - if necessary after a reasonable period (embargo period) has expired. In the case of secondary publication, the embargo period should not exceed twelve months.
The BMBF expressly welcomes the open access secondary publication of scientific monographs resulting from the project.
7.1 Involvement of a project sponsor, application documents, other documents and use of the electronic application system
The BMBF has currently commissioned the following project sponsors to handle the funding measure:
DLR project sponsor
Society, innovation, technology
Humanities and Social Sciences
If there are any changes, this will be announced in the Federal Gazette or in another suitable manner.
Contact person is:
Dr. Silvia Matalik
Phone: 02 28/38 21-13 67
Email: [email protected]
Forms for funding applications, guidelines, leaflets, information and ancillary provisions can be accessed at the Internet address https://foerderportal.bund.de in the form cabinet section.
The electronic application system "easy-Online" must be used to create project outlines and formal funding applications (https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline).
7.2 Two-stage application process
The application process is open and competitive. It is laid out in two stages:
7.2.1 Submission and selection of project outlines
In the first stage of the process, the DLR project sponsors by January 22, 2019 at the latest
initially submit informal, appraisable project sketches in electronic form via the Internet portal https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline/reflink.jsf?m=GSW&b=RADIKALER_ISLAM&t=SKI.
In the portal, basic data for the submission (including a rough financial plan) as well as for the sketch submitters must be given, and finally the project outline must be uploaded in PDF format. After the online submission, the so-called "project sheet" is compiled from the basic data, which can be generated using the "Print final version" button. This "project sheet" is to be signed and sent by post to the project sponsor by the network coordination.
In the case of joint projects, the project outline must be submitted in consultation with the joint coordinator.
The submission deadline is not considered a deadline. However, it may no longer be possible to consider project outlines that are received late.
No legal entitlement to a grant can be derived from the submission of a project outline.
The deadline for submitting the project outline on January 22, 2019 will be followed by an independent review process. In the further course of the procedure, interested parties are asked to submit a formal application for funding if the sketches are positively evaluated.
It is recommended to contact the DLR project management agency directly before submitting the project outlines.
Project outlines must not exceed ten A4 pages, including cover sheet, literature, financial and work planning, without attachments (Arial, font size at least 11 points, 1.5 lines). They must contain a technically assessable concept and rough financial planning.
A convincing scientific justification and a utilization concept must be submitted for the planned research and development work. Expressions of intent from any practice partners must be added as an attachment. Furthermore, letters of support can be attached if necessary.
The sketches should include:
- Cover sheet with the topic of the intended (collaborative) project, naming the selected topic (I or II) or the accompanying scientific measure, roughly estimated total costs / total expenditure (possibly including project flat rate) and project duration, with the number and type of sponsored partners and with postal address , Telephone number, email etc. of the submitter of the sketch,
- half-page summary,
- Presentation of ideas and project goal,
- Information on the state of science (such as preliminary work, existing findings, database, context to previous and / or ongoing research / developments / investigations),
- Outline of the planned project design as well as the planned research methods, planned collaborations,
- Opportunities for broad use and exploitation of the results in society, politics, administration, economy, science, in technical / university education as well as by professional associations and intermediaries,
- Estimated expenses / costs (including the participation of third parties and the expected need for funding), but no more detailed financing plans and preliminary calculations, these are reserved for the second stage of the process. Universities that would like to make use of the project flat rate must take this into account in the financial plan.
The project outlines received are evaluated with the involvement of external experts according to the following criteria:
- scientific quality of the project and originality of the research idea,
- Relevance of the research question,
- Adequacy of the research method,
- plausible division of labor between project partners,
- Stringency of the project and research design, in the case of alliances of the cooperation concept,
- Exploitation prospects, convincing contributions to knowledge transfer,
- Visibility and connectivity at national and / or international, especially European level,
- Adequacy of the financial framework.
The project ideas suitable for funding are selected according to the criteria and assessment given above. The interested parties will be informed of the selection result in writing.
The project outline submitted as part of this procedural stage and any other documents submitted will not be returned.
7.2.2 Submission of formal funding applications and decision-making procedures
In the second stage of the process, the authors of the positively assessed project outlines are asked to submit a formal application for funding.
A complete application for funding is only available if at least the requirements according to Article 6 Paragraph 2 GBER (see annex) are met.
The electronic application system "easy-Online" (taking into account the requirements stated in the annex) must be used to prepare the formal funding applications (https://foerderportal.bund.de/easyonline/).
Among other things, the following information, supplementing the project outline, must be submitted with the formal funding applications:
- detailed financial plan of the project,
- detailed exploitation plan,
- Presentation of the need for the donation
- detailed work plan, including project-related resource planning.
Any requirements from the first stage of the procedure must be taken into account. The exact requirements for the formal funding application will be communicated when a formal funding application is requested.
The applications received are evaluated and checked according to the following criteria:
- Eligibility of the funds applied for,
- Necessity and appropriateness of the requested funds,
- Comprehensibility of the explanations of the financing plan,
- Quality and informative value of the exploitation plan, also with regard to the funding policy objectives of this funding measure,
- Implementation of any requirements from the first stage and compliance with the financial framework recommended there for funding.
In accordance with the criteria given above and the assessment, the BMBF will decide on funding after a final application review.
In the case of joint projects, funding applications must be submitted in coordination with the planned joint coordinator.
7.3 Regulations to be observed:
Sections 48 to 49a of the Administrative Procedure Act, Sections 23, 44 BHO and the General administrative regulations issued for this purpose, unless deviations from the general administrative regulations have been permitted in these funding guidelines. The Federal Audit Office is entitled to audit in accordance with Section 91 BHO.
8 period of validity
The duration of this funding guideline is limited until the expiry of the GBER, plus an adjustment period of six months, i.e. until December 31, 2025.
Bonn / Berlin, October 8, 2018
Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Dr. Klaus Schindel
1 General funding requirements
The lawfulness of the aid is only given if, in accordance with Article 3 GBER, all the requirements of Chapter I GBER and the conditions of Chapter III applicable to the specific group of aid are met, and that, in accordance with the case law of the European courts, the national courts are obliged to do so are to order the repayment of unlawful aid.
With the application for funding within the framework of this funding guideline, the applicant undertakes to cooperate in compliance with the requirements of state aid law. For example, the information and documents requested by the donor must be submitted or submitted as proof of creditworthiness and compliance with state aid law. In addition, the applicant must participate in any proceedings (with) the European Commission and comply with all requirements of the Commission.
The prerequisite for the granting of state aid within the framework of an aid scheme exempted on the basis of the GBER is that it has an incentive effect according to Article 6 GBER: Aid is considered aid with an incentive effect if the beneficiary of the aid submits a written aid application before the start of the work for the project or activity in the Member State concerned. The grant application must contain at least the following information: name and size of the company, description of the project with details of the start and completion date, location of the project, the costs of the project, type of aid (e.g. grant, loan, guarantee, repayable Advance or capital injection) and the amount of public funding required for the project.
State aid based on the GBER will not be granted if there is a reason for exclusion according to Article 1 Paragraphs 2 to 5 GBER; This applies in particular if the company has not complied with a recovery order due to an earlier decision by the Commission to determine the inadmissibility of aid and its incompatibility with the internal market or the company is a "company in difficulty" (as defined in Article 2 (18) GBER) is.
In accordance with European law, each individual aid over 500,000 euros is published on a special website (see Article 9 GBER).
Funding received can be checked in individual cases by the European Commission in accordance with Article 12 GBER.
Within the framework of this funding guideline, state aid is granted in the form of grants in accordance with Article 5 Paragraph 1 and 2 GBER.
The GBER limits the granting of state aid for economic activities in the following areas to the following maximum amounts:
- 40 million euros per company and project for research and development projects that mainly relate to basic research (Article 4 paragraph 1 letter i point i GBER);
- 20 million euros per company and project for research and development projects that mainly relate to industrial research (Article 4 Paragraph 1 Letter i Number ii GBER);
- 15 million euros per company and project for research and development projects that mainly relate to experimental development (Article 4 Paragraph 1 Letter i Number iii GBER).
When checking whether these maximum amounts (registration thresholds) have been complied with, the cumulation rules according to Article 8 GBER must be observed. The maximum amounts must not be circumvented by artificially splitting up related projects. Partial approval up to the notification threshold for a notifiable aid is not permitted.
2 scope / amount of the donations; Accumulation
The following provisions of the GBER apply to these funding guidelines, in particular with regard toeligible costs and aid intensities; The eligible costs and aid intensities listed below specify the maximum framework within which the granting of eligible costs and funding quotas for projects with economic activity can take place.
The funded part of the research project must be fully assigned to one or more of the following categories:
- Basic research,
- industrial research,
- experimental development
(see Article 25 Paragraph 2 GBER; terms according to Article 2 No. 84 ff. GBER).
For the classification of research work into the categories of basic research, industrial research and experimental development, please refer to the relevant information in paragraph 75 and footnote 2 of the R & D & I4-Union framework.
The eligible costs of the respective research and development project are to be allocated to the relevant research and development categories.
Eligible costs are:
- Personnel costs: costs for researchers, technicians and other personnel, insofar as these are used for the project (Article 25 paragraph 3 letter a GBER);
- Costs for instruments and equipment, insofar as and for as long as they are used for the project. If these instruments and equipment are not used for the project during their entire service life, only the depreciation determined in accordance with the principles of proper bookkeeping during the duration of the project is considered to be eligible for aid (Article 25 (3) (b) GBER);
- Costs for contract research, knowledge and for patents acquired directly or under license from third parties in compliance with the arm’s length principle, as well as costs for advice and equivalent services that are used exclusively for the project (Article 25 paragraph 3 letter d GBER);
- additional overheads and other operating costs (including for material, supplies and the like) that arise directly from the project (Article 25 paragraph 3 letter e GBER).
The aid intensity per beneficiary may not exceed the following rates:
- 100% of the eligible costs for basic research (Article 25 (5) (a) GBER);
- 50% of the eligible costs for industrial research (Article 25 (5) (b) GBER);
- 25% of the eligible costs for experimental development (Article 25 (5) (c) GBER).
For SMEs, the aid intensity can be increased in accordance with Article 25 (6) GBER, provided that the conditions specified there are met:
- Small businesses: maximum premium 35% (Article 25 (6) (a) and (b))
- Maximum funding intensity for industrial research: 85%
- Maximum funding intensity for experimental development: 60%
- Medium-sized companies: maximum premium 25% (Article 25 (6) letters a and b)
- Maximum funding intensity for industrial research: 75%
- Maximum funding intensity for experimental development: 50%
In accordance with Article 7 (1) GBER, the eligible costs must be substantiated by written documentation that must be clear, specific and up-to-date.
For the calculation of the aid intensity and the eligible costs, the amounts before deduction of taxes and other charges are used.
When complying with the maximum allowable aid intensity, the cumulation rules in Article 8 GBER must be observed:
The accumulation of several grants for the same eligible costs / expenses is only permitted under the following rules or exceptions:
If Union funds that are centrally managed by Union agencies and are not directly or indirectly under the control of the Member States and therefore do not constitute state aid are combined with state aid (this also includes funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds) in determining whether the notification thresholds and maximum aid intensities or amounts have been complied with, only State aid shall be taken into account, provided that the total amount of public funds granted for the same eligible costs (including centrally managed Union funds) does not exceed the most favorable financing rate set out in the relevant provisions of Union law .
Aid exempted under the GBER, for which the eligible costs can be determined, can be cumulated with
- other State aid, provided that these measures concern different identifiable eligible costs;
- other State aid for the same, partially or fully overlapping eligible costs, but only if this cumulation does not exceed the maximum aid intensity or amount applicable to such aid under this Regulation.
Aid for which the eligible costs cannot be determined may be cumulated with other State aid for which the eligible costs cannot be determined, up to the relevant upper limit for the total financing, which is applicable in the individual case is stipulated in the GBER or in a decision of the European Commission.
State aid exempted under the GBER may not be cumulated with de minimis aid for the same eligible costs if this cumulation exceeds the aid intensities or maximum aid amounts set out in Chapter III GBER.
The accumulation of several grants for the same eligible costs / expenses is only permitted under the following special regulations or exceptions:
Aid may be granted under several aid schemes at the same time or cumulated with ad hoc aid, provided that the total amount of State aid for an activity or project does not exceed the aid ceilings set out in the R & D & I Framework.
If Union funds that are centrally managed by Union agencies and are not directly or indirectly under the control of the Member States are combined with state aid (also: funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds), the determination of whether the maximum aid intensities have been complied with will only be determined will be taken on the basis of State aid and, in the context of the R & D & I Framework, only State aid will be subject to an assessment of the compatibility with the internal market. In that case, the total amount of public funds granted to cover the same eligible costs shall not exceed the most favorable financing rate set out in the applicable Union legislation.
1 - German Aerospace Center
2 - https://foerderportal.bund.de/easy/easy_index.php?wahl=easy_formulare, area BMBF general forms and templates for reports.
3 - For the definition of economic activity, see point 17 of the R & D & I Framework.
4 - R & D & I = research, development and innovation
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