What jobs can a computer scientist do

Career prospects in computer science

Computer scientists no longer only work in computer or IT companies or classic IT departments. Since IT and software have become indispensable in countless areas today, there are more and more areas of application: medical technology, the automotive industry, the financial sector, secret service, intelligence and game development are just a few examples. There is no longer THE typical IT specialist - due to the diverse requirements, the job profiles have changed a lot in recent years. Job profiles such as software developers, business IT specialists, systems IT specialists, technical and medical IT specialists and, of course, IT specialists are increasingly in demand.

Areas of application for computer scientists

With almost 1 million jobs, the information and telecommunications sector is the sector that had the best gross value added index in Germany in 2017. There are also job offers for IT specialists in other high-tech sectors, such as the automotive industry, medical technology or mechanical and plant engineering.

Business consulting

Computer scientists can also help shape the future in management consulting. Due to the increasing importance of information technology in the economy, the IT consultant is also becoming increasingly important. There are more and more jobs for IT experts there. Your tasks can be the migration of systems or the connection of complex content with the simplest possible handling.

Automotive industry

The automotive industry is also increasingly adapting to digitization. What began a few years ago with navigation devices and parking aids can lead to the approval of autonomous vehicles in just a few years. The technical demands of modern vehicles are constantly increasing, so that for IT specialists there are particularly areas of application in modern safety systems, active driver assistants such as distance controls or cruise control, as well as communication technology in vehicles or complex LC displays. From jobs for IT specialists in project management to implementation, computer scientists bring the necessary know-how with them and drive the technology forward.

Financial sector

For the financial industry, the computer scientist is also an important link in the structure and can no longer be imagined without it. On the one hand, interfaces for the customer are constantly updated to the latest security standards, on the other hand, internal programs and processes must always meet the latest requirements.


Another interesting industry is e-health. Classic medical technology is increasingly developing into an industry with enormous growth potential and a large number of jobs. Settings that used to be made manually can now be left to the machine without presenting a safety risk. Software for medical products as well as imaging examination methods such as computed tomography and the electronic health card would not be possible without computer scientists. The computer scientist is a welcome contact from the idea to development and marketing.

forensic science

The computer scientist is also of great use for smaller industries. Because crime does not stop at digitization either, so that the profession of IT forensic scientist is becoming more and more important. What z. B. was previously only necessary in forensic medicine, is now an important area of ​​application for preserving evidence on the Internet. In addition to specialist knowledge of IT, a police approach and legal expertise also characterize the job of an IT forensic scientist.

Web development

Web development is still an up-and-coming area of ​​computer science. Knowledge of graphic design and HTML is no longer the only requirement here. Aspects such as search engine optimization (SEO) and interactive applications are also essential. Hardly any other IT industry is so dynamic. The industry is looking for real software developers who also have a knack for usability: User friendliness and intuitive usability play a decisive role on modern websites - whether on a PC, tablet or smartphone.

Entry into computer science

Regardless of which industry you choose, employers are very interested in well-trained IT specialists. Even during your studies there are many opportunities to look at the various job profiles in IT. Potential employers often offer internships or the supervision of theses. You will benefit from this at the latest after graduation, because professional experience is also a welcome plus in IT. Certification is available to complete your résumé. Often these are manufacturer or product-specific. The International Software Testing Qualifications Board and the IT industry association CompTIA also offer general certificates. These are recognized worldwide and thus offer the opportunity to verifiably incorporate acquired knowledge into the résumé.

Practical knowledge is an important factor in a successful career start. Therefore, graduates can score points in web development through various internships and student jobs. Companies are looking for candidates with practical experience.

The companies also prefer applicants who show initiative and commitment and who have an analytical mindset. In return, they very often offer applicants a company pension scheme and flexible weekly working hours in their job. Most companies also offer additional IT training and more than half of the companies offer their employees language courses.

According to the Staufenbiel Institute, over 90% of the companies offer computer scientists direct entry and around 30% of the companies offer a trainee program. Most of them work in application programming, software development or database or network administration.

IT salaries

In addition to good career prospects, computer scientists can also look forward to attractive salaries. According to the Staufenbiel Institute, starting salaries fluctuate greatly depending on the position, but are above the average salary in other subjects in almost all areas. While IT specialists in support or web development can expect a starting salary of 42,000 and 37,000 euros, they can earn up to 49,000 euros a year in IT security, IT consulting or sales.

The salary also depends on the educational qualification achieved. The average salary of a Bachelor graduate is 41,400 euros, that of a Master graduate is up to 46,000 euros. With a doctorate you can earn an average of 57,000 euros as a starting salary. On average, university graduates earn 5% less than university graduates.

Most jobs for computer scientists are advertised for master’s graduates or computer scientists, followed by bachelor’s graduates and computer scientists with a doctorate.

Prospects in IT

Economy and society are becoming increasingly networked. Innovations in technological developments promote an information society that contributes to a change in industrialized countries.

The jobs in the IT industry are therefore becoming increasingly diverse and everyday work is becoming more varied. Due to the increasing demand, the forecasts for the employment rates and the demand for well-trained IT specialists are also very good.

Personal requirements

  • the command of at least one programming language
  • Time and self management
  • Understanding of hardware
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Communication skills
  • Solution-oriented work
  • Analytical competence
  • flexibility

Computer scientists can find jobs in the following categories in the jobvector job exchange