How was your ayahuasca experience in Amsterdam
DMT - the most powerful hallucinogen in the world
In 1858 the Ecuadorian geographer Manuel Villavicencio reported on a "magic drink": Indigenous peoples of the Amazon rainforest drank a tea called ayahuasca. The tea was brewed from a vine and should help the drinker find answers to difficult questions. For example, he could see through an enemy's plans or find the cause of an illness.
Today we know that Ayahuasca contains the psychedelic active ingredient DMT (N, N-Dimethyltryptamine). The substance fooled scientists for more than 100 years. The British botanist Richard Spruce identified it as early as 1851 Banisteriopsis caapi as "the liana" of tea. However, his notes were not published until 57 years later.
This article is featured in Spectrum Compact, Hallucinogens - Drugs That Change Perception
In various countries and tribes on the South American continent, western botanists also discovered two other teas, caapi and yajé, which seemed to have a similar effect to ayahuasca. However, there was no fixed recipe for ayahuasca, caapi or yajé. The tribe members brewed different plants for the brew. Caapi and Yajé often didn't just contain B. caapi.
For decades, ethnobotanists combed the Amazon rainforest in search of the psychedelic active ingredient. In the meantime, the Canadian chemist Richard Manske synthesized DMT for the first time in 1931. However, he had no idea of its magical powers and the substance was forgotten.
The seeds of the South American tree Piptadenia peregrina finally helped psychedelic research to make its first breakthrough. Indigenous peoples sniffed the seeds in initiation rituals, for example. In 1955, the three scientists Fish, Horning and Johnson succeeded in isolating the DMT molecule from the seeds and legumes of the tree.
Even so, the confusion remained great. Countless botanists and chemists were constantly isolating new active ingredients from psychedelic teas. They gave them names like Nigeriana, Telepathine, Yajeine, Yajeinine, Banisterine or Harmine. Some of them describe one and the same substance. It took a while for the scientific world to realize that for ayahuasca, yajé and caapi there is always a DMT-containing plant in the saucepan with another plant.
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