Meerut is a state


Meerut (Hindi मेरठ) is a city of millions in the fertile Doab landscape in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India.

Table of Contents

Location and climate

The city of Meerut is located in the alluvial land of the Doab at an altitude of about 225 m about 65 km (driving distance) northeast of the Indian capital Delhi. The climate is often humid and, by Indian standards, quite rainy (approx. 935 mm / year). H. from late June to mid-September, falls.[2]


Official population statistics have only been kept and published since 1991.[3]; however, older figures are also available for Meerut:


The Hindi and Urdu-speaking population consists of about 61% Hindus and about 36% Muslims; Jains, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and others are numerically small minorities. As is customary in censuses in northern India, the male population is around 12% higher than the female.[4]


Meerut has always been the center of the agriculturally productive region of the Doab. The city functioned as a center for handicrafts, trade and services of all kinds. It experienced an enormous economic boom under British rule and after India's independence (1947). Because of its proximity to Delhi, numerous industrial companies of all kinds (paper, chemicals, electronics, tires, etc.) have settled here - in particular, the manufacture of sportswear and shoes as well as musical instruments and armaments or weapons for domestic as well as international film productions are to be mentioned (Gladiator, 300 et al.).


Meerut becomes associated with the city mentioned in the Mahabharata Hastinapur, the home of the 5 Pandava Brothers; a place of the same name is about 35 km northeast. At some point the site was destroyed by a flood of the Ganges. The archaeological site of Alamgir Pur, about 25 km west of Meerut, is considered to be the most easterly evidence of the Indus cultures. In the 4th and 3rd centuries BC Meerut was a center of Buddhism and Emperor Ashoka (ruled 268–232 BC) had an edict column erected here, which was brought to Delhi by Firuz Shah Tughluq at the end of the 14th century.

Around the year 1018 the north of India was devastated by the armies of Mahmud of Ghaznis; the Friday Mosque (Jama Masjid (Meerut)) originally dates from this time. In 1192 Qutb-ud-Din Aibak took the city, which from then on belonged to the Sultanate of Delhi, on behalf of Muhammad of Ghurs. In 1398 she had to surrender to the Mongol army of Timur. After the Battle of Panipat (1526) it belonged to the Mughal Empire and became a mint. In the 18th century, Meerut came under the rule of the Marathas and the Sikhs; since 1803 it was under British rule.

Meerut is known as the city where the Sepoy Rebellion against the British colonial rulers began in 1857. The reason for the uprising against the British was the introduction of new rifles whose cartridges were said to have been treated with beef tallow and / or lard. The reason is understandable insofar as Hindus cattle are sacred and Hindus and Muslims consider pigs to be unclean, although this was only the initial trigger. The deeper reason, however, was the poor social and economic situation of the soldiers and their families.

Tourist Attractions

Despite its long history, for centuries there were no or very few buildings made of natural stone in the sandy and loamy alluvial land of the Doab and thus also in Meerut; this had to be transported from afar or burned on site and so most of the stone buildings were not built until the British era.

  • The oldest stone building is the Friday Mosque, built around 1020, which, however, was renewed under the Mughal Mughal Humayun in the middle of the 16th century.
  • The Baley Miyan Mausoleum (Hindi: बले मियाँ की दरगाह, Bale Miyan ki Dargah) was built by Qutb ud-Din Aibak in honor of his general Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud.
  • The Shahpir Mausoleum (Hindi: शाहपीर की दरगाह, Shahpeer ki Dargah) was built by Nur Jahan, Jahangir's favorite wife, in 1628 in honor of a Sufi saint from red sandstone from Rajasthan. However, it has remained unfinished.
  • The one built in the early 18th century Suraj Kund is a pond within a well-tended garden that is fed by water from the Ganges Canal.
  • The oldest stone building from more recent times is the Anglican, consecrated in 1822St. John's Church, one of the oldest churches in northern India.
  • The Augarnath Temple (or also Kali Paitan Mandir) is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. It stands at the point where the mutineers of 1857 planned their resistance.
  • This is the most beautiful building in the city Mustafa Castle , one made in 1896-1900 in honor of the poet Nawab Mustafa Khan Shefta built palatial mausoleum.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Meerut - Census 2011
  2. Meerut - climate diagrams
  3. Meerut - City Population 1991–2011
  4. Meerut - Census 2011

Categories:Metropolis | Municipal Corporation in Uttar Pradesh | Place in Uttar Pradesh | Meerut District

Status of information: 11/23/2020 9:43:15 AM CET

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