What is the month after Ramadan
The Islamic calendar is a purely lunar calendar. In Arabic it is called at-taqwīm al-hiǧrī. That means "calendar of emigration" and reminds of its history. The Muslims began to calculate their own time when the Prophet Mohammed emigrated from Mecca to Medina. The Gregorian world calendar already counted the year 622 at that time. From this point in time until 2020 the Gregorian calendar will have 1398 solar years and 1441 lunar years.
The day on the Islamic lunar calendar lasts 24 hours. It starts and ends with sunset.
The week has 7 days as on every calendar. There is no day of rest, but Friday is a special day for many Muslims. Then they meet in the mosque for Friday prayers.
Every month on the Islamic calendar lasts as long as a moon phase between two new moons, i.e. 29 or 30 days.
The Islamic lunar year has 12 months with a total of 354 or 355 days. That is 10 or 11 days less than in the solar year of the Gregorian calendar of Christians, which is also valid in the business world around the world.
Since a year according to the lunar calendar ends after 354 days, the months slowly move backwards through all the seasons over the course of 32.5 years. This also applies to New Year's Day, the 1st Muharram. So Muslims sometimes greet the New Year in summer and sometimes in winter.
The Muslims began with their own calendarwhen the Prophet Mohammed emigrated from Mecca to Medina. The Gregorian world calendar already counted the year 622 at that time. From this point in time until 2020, 1398 solar years and 1441 lunar years will have passed on the Gregorian calendar.
Your questions about the Islamic lunar calendar
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