Can cause BPH to cause blood in the urine

Prostate hyperplasia (BPH)

Prostate hyperplasia is a very common disease and affects around 50% of all men from the age of 50 and around 80% from the age of 60.

If you experience any of the following symptoms, you probably have prostate hyperplasia:

  • Frequent need to urinate - especially at night.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Interrupted and / or weak urine stream.
  • Inability to empty the bladder completely.
  • The urge to urinate again within 2 hours of the last urination.
  • Incontinence.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Pain when urinating or a foul odor of urine (which may also be signs of infection).

Is BPH a Health Risk?

BPH is safe in itself, but over time it can cause serious illness. Therefore, you should see a doctor the first time symptoms appear.

BPH does not cause prostate cancer. However, some symptoms in prostate cancer are the same as symptoms of BPH. You should therefore always consult a doctor.

Causes of BPH?

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in men. It lies below the bladder and encloses the urethra through which the urine flows out of the bladder. With advancing age, the prostate enlarges, but to a different extent from case to case. For some men, this causes problems urinating. BPH occurs when the enlarged prostate compresses the urethra and obstructs the flow of urine.

How is BPH diagnosed?

A urologist usually diagnoses the condition of the prostate by observing urine flow, bladder function, and a visual inspection (cystoscopy).

Treatment options?

The options range from medication to surgery to implantation of a stent.

medication

There are two groups of drugs available: 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) and alpha receptor blockers.

The former reduce the size of the prostate, but the effect only sets in after 6 months. The success rate is only 2-4 out of 10 patients. The latter do not shrink the prostate, but they do reduce the pressure on the urethra, which removes the obstruction to the flow of urine. The maximum effect only occurs after 3 months and only in 3 -5 out of 10 patients.

Surgical interventions

The techniques range from laser therapy to vaporization of the prostate or heating with a microwave or water balloon to open incision surgery or a TUR-P. These techniques are efficient but have a significant impact on the patient as they can only be performed under general anesthesia and there is a risk of serious adverse effects.

Stent implantation

The Memokath ™ stent for BPH treatment is used under local anesthesia or sedation. The effect is immediate, the treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis. The Memokath ™ stent consists of a small spiral-shaped tube that is pushed into the urethra up to the prostate. It opens the constriction and allows urine to flow normally again. The stent can remain in the body for years (in some patients successfully for more than 10 years). It is easy to use and just as easy to remove or replace if necessary.