Most INTJs are sexual deviations

Schizoid personality disorder



Classification according to ICD-10
F60.1 Schizoid personality disorder
ICD-10 online (WHO version 2006)

The schizoid personality disorder (Greek: schizo = split off; not to be confused with schizophrenia or schizotypic personality disorder) is characterized by a withdrawal from affective, social and other contacts with an excessive preference for fantasy, solitary behavior and withdrawn reticence. Those affected have only a limited ability to express feelings and experience joy. In social interaction, the inaccessibility of the essence is noticeable, although formally a perfect and even elegant social style can be mastered. People with such a disorder often develop a high level of intuitive skills in a compensatory manner, with which they can protect themselves and gain superiority at the same time. As far as the other requirements exist, they develop a high degree of intellectual sophistication. It is assumed that fewer than 1% of the population are affected, i.e. that the disorder is relatively rare compared to other diseases.

course

The prevailing belief is that this personality disorder starts in early childhood. A high degree of innate sensitivity and irritability is also seen as a prerequisite for their development, as are forms of severe emotional neglect, chaotic social relationships or even forms of brusque maternal care. In many cases, one of the parents has mental disorders and / or was unable to understand their child. The infant and toddler lack sufficient protection to develop their first independent contact with the immediate environment - such attempts were either not answered at all and could not develop further, or they reacted so strongly that it was not the joy of the answer but the The fear of them remains in the memory as a lasting experience.

A deep contact disorder characterizes these people, their emotional relationship to the environment and other people is loosened centrally, they often describe their attitude to life as "living under a glass bell". The world remains pale, the spontaneous ability to experience and the immediate addressing of feelings are strongly inhibited. Deep-seated distrust almost instinctively keeps them at a distance from other people. The distinctive ambiguity of its type of experience has given this disorder its name. While on the one hand the desire for intimate togetherness with other people is definitely present, on the other hand the ways to express and communicate are mostly blocked, the person appears rigid and wooden, who at the same time may glow inside. And when they are under pressure, e.g. by living too closely together or by violent criticism, they often react abruptly and in a strange way, seem to have themselves well under control, before they explode a moment later. Both perfect self-control and explosive escape are the two sides of a personality, whose emotional connection with other people is only slightly resilient.

Professionally, they feel comfortable in abstract sciences far away from people and can be able to perform extremely well there. They also benefit from their flexibility through mostly social independence. At school, they can perform poorly that are out of proportion to their intellect and are often teased.

The term personality disorder suggests a fixation on the characteristics described. Nevertheless, it can be assumed that such disturbances are mitigated under favorable conditions, prove plasticity and can be brought about.

Classification according to ICD and DSM

ICD-10

At least three of the following characteristics or behaviors must be present:

  1. If anything, few activities are enjoyable;
  2. shows emotional coolness, detachment, or a flattened affect;
  3. reduced ability to express warm, tender feelings for others, or anger;
  4. appears indifferent to praise or criticism from others;
  5. little interest in sexual experiences with another person (taking age into account);
  6. almost always preference for activities that can be carried out alone;
  7. excessive use by fantasies and introversion;
  8. has no or does not wish to have close friends or trusting relationships (or at most one);
  9. clearly lacking feeling for applicable social norms and conventions. If they are not followed, it is unintentional.

DSM-IV

A: A profound pattern characterized by aloofness in social relationships and a limited range of emotional expression in interpersonal relationships. The disorder begins in early adulthood and occurs in a wide variety of situations. At least four of the following criteria must be met:

  1. has neither desire for close relationships nor enjoyment of them, including being part of the family,
  2. almost always chooses solitary companies,
  3. has little, if any, interest in sexual experiences with another person,
  4. if at all, few activities bring joy,
  5. has no close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives,
  6. appears indifferent to praise and criticism from others,
  7. shows emotional coldness, aloofness or limited affectivity.

Correlation to other diseases and MBTI

There will be a strong correlation between the MBTI types INTJ and INTP accepted (see also: Keirsey). Furthermore, males are more often affected than females.

Likewise, a schizoid personality disorder usually does not occur in isolation, but in combination with other diseases. There is an overlap with other disorders, especially Asperger's syndrome, avoidant personality disorder and depression, which is why it is often difficult to diagnose. The differences are that people with schizoid personality disorders do not feel inferior compared to depressed people, in contrast to people with avoidant personality disorder or social phobia are not afraid of social interactions, but avoid them because of their indifference, and no physical symptoms as in Asperger's Have syndrome. Compared to schizophrenics, they have no delusions or cognitive disorders. The similar schizotypic personality disorder differs from the schizoid in that it is characterized by more naivety and interest in pseudosciences such as esotericism and magic. By focusing on the outside of the person affected, which is very different from the inside, misdiagnosis can quickly arise.

treatment

Schizoid people generally do not seek psychological treatment unless they are forced to. You can benefit from a social exercise program, which is believed to not treat your illness, it just changes how it occurs. Likewise, one must in no case draw conclusions about the world of thoughts from external behavior, because this is usually a lot more soulful and lively than it appears.

criticism

It is controversial whether schizoid personality disorder should be classified as a disease or not. Often, neither those affected nor their relatives suffer, or they do not notice it. It is also unclear when their behavior can be described as pathological or strange. It is not uncommon for behaviors to be rejected only because they are not very widespread in the respective culture in which these people live. In fact, deviant behaviors can make sense or, if they don't, can at least be completely harmless.

literature

  • Fritz Riemann: Basic forms of fear. Ernst Reinhardt Verlag, Munich, 2003, ISBN 3497007498 [The term 'schizoid' used there corresponds only to a limited extent to that described here.]
  • Kurt-Heinrich Weshavel: Schizotypic personality disorder. Borderline personality disorder, social phobia.. Norderstedt, May 2003, ISBN 3833003820
  • Peter Fiedler: Personality disorders. BeltzPVU, September 19, 2001, ISBN 3621274936
  • Sula Wolff: Loners: The Life Path of Unusual Children. Taylor & Francis Books, August 17, 1995 ISBN 0415066654
  • Robert Waska: Primitive Experiences of Loss: Working with the Paranoid-Schizoid Patient. Karnac Books, February 28, 2002, ISBN 1855752603

See also

Category: Mental Disorder