How much is 85 out of 3 years

The social situation in Germany

The proportion of younger age groups has steadily decreased in the past. In 1970, the under 20s in West Germany still made up 29.7 percent of the population. By 2018, their share in Germany had fallen to 18.4 percent. At the same time, the proportion of 67-year-olds and older in the population rose from 11.1 to 19.2 percent between 1970 and 2018. The proportion of 85-year-olds and older alone increased from 0.6 percent in 1970 to 2.7 percent in 2018 - at the end of 2018 that corresponded to 2.3 million people.

Facts

If the population is sorted according to age cohorts (as here in the graphic below the younger and above the older cohorts), the resulting shape resembled a pyramid in earlier years in many countries - with a relatively broad base of young people in the lower range and few old ones in the top. Because of its original form, this type of graphical representation is called the age pyramid in statistics.

When Germany's population increased in 1970, parts of the pyramid can still be seen. In the representation chosen here, in which age cohorts are combined into age groups, two age groups in particular deviate from the pyramid shape in 1970: Due to fewer births in the war years 1941 to 1945 and the post-war years 1945 to 1947, the age group of 20 to 29 -Year-olds in 1970 only accounted for 14.2 percent for men and 12.1 percent for women. The second deviation concerns the age group of 50 to 59 year olds: The decline in births in the war years 1915 to 1918 and 1919 and the heavy losses during the Second World War meant that the 50 to 59 year olds only had one in 1970 9.0 percent for men and 11.4 percent for women.

The years after the Second World War were marked by high birth rates in Germany. From 1947 onwards, significantly more births than deaths were registered. The so-called baby boom, which lasted about two decades, was followed by a sharp decline in births from the late 1960s. The number of live births fell from a peak in 1964 (1.36 million) to 782,000 in 1975. After a wave-like increase in the annual birth rate to 906,000 in 1990, the birth rate began to decline again in the following years, which continued from 1997 onwards. In 2011, the lowest birth rate since 1946 was registered with 663,000 newborns. Since then the number has increased again.

Due to the low birth rate since the late 1960s, nothing of the pyramid shape described above can be seen in 2018. In 2018, the so-called baby boomers are mainly found in the 50 to 59 age group. Accordingly, this age group had the largest share of the total population at 16.2 percent. At the same time, the share of under 10-year-olds and 10 to 19-year-olds in the total population was less than 10 percent (9.1 and 9.3 percent, respectively).

The proportion of younger age groups has steadily decreased in the past. In 1970, the under 20s in West Germany still made up 29.7 percent of the population. By 1995 their share in Germany fell to 21.5 percent, in 2018 it was only 18.4 percent. At the same time, the proportion of 67-year-olds and older in the population rose from 11.1 to 19.2 percent between 1970 and 2018. The proportion of people aged 85 and over increased from 0.6 percent in 1970 to 2.7 percent in 2018. At the end of 2018, almost 2.3 million people in Germany were at least 85 years old.

Of the 83.0 million inhabitants in 2018, 50.7 percent were female and 49.3 percent male. The proportion of women was lowest in the age groups of 20 to 29 year olds and 10 to 19 year olds (47.9 and 48.3 percent, respectively). The proportion of women is increasing in the older age groups: in the group of 50 to 59 year olds, the proportions of women and men were almost the same in 2018. In the age group of 60 to 69 year olds, the proportion of women at 51.6 was slightly higher than that of men. Among the 70 to 79 year olds the proportion was already 54.4 percent and among the 80 to 84 year olds it was 58.6 percent. In the group of people who were 85 years or older, women ultimately had a share of 67.6 percent - however, this age group only made up 2.7 percent of the total population in 2018.

Data Source

GENESIS-Online: Population: Age, Gender (04/2020)

Terms, methodological notes or reading aids

Information on Development of the age structure in Germany until 2060 get here ...

An interactive population pyramid on the website of the Federal Statistical Office shows the change in the age structure between 1950 and 2060. Individual birth cohorts can also be highlighted: https://service.destatis.de/bevoelkerungspyramide/index.html#!y=1970&a= 20.65 & v = 2